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当代大学生的政治价值观、人生价值观、道德价值观、择业价值观、择偶价值观均呈现出一定的矛盾,其原因主要有五个方面,"三个结合"是大学生走出价值困境的有效路径。  相似文献   
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基于奇异值分解理论的双端行波故障测距的研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
行波故障测距中行波信号奇异点的精确检测和行波波速的确定是影响测距精度的主要因素。根据Hankel矩阵方式下奇异值分解第一个分量后的各分量具有的奇异性检测能力,对行波信号进行奇异值分解,利用第二个SVD分量脉冲模极大值检测出信号的奇异点。同时,提出一种不受行波波速影响的双端测距方法,通过检测故障初始行波和故障点反射波分别到达两端母线的时刻,列写方程组,得到与速度无关的测距公式。EMTDC仿真证明了该故障测距方法的正确性。  相似文献   
4.
To date, the study of dispatching or load balancing in server farms has primarily focused on the minimization of response time. Server farms are typically modeled by a front-end router that employs a dispatching policy to route jobs to one of several servers, with each server scheduling all the jobs in its queue via Processor-Sharing. However, the common assumption has been that all jobs are equally important or valuable, in that they are equally sensitive to delay. Our work departs from this assumption: we model each arrival as having a randomly distributed value parameter, independent of the arrival’s service requirement (job size). Given such value heterogeneity, the correct metric is no longer the minimization or response time, but rather, the minimization of value-weighted response time. In this context, we ask “what is a good dispatching policy to minimize the value-weighted response time metric?” We propose a number of new dispatching policies that are motivated by the goal of minimizing the value-weighted response time. Via a combination of exact analysis, asymptotic analysis, and simulation, we are able to deduce many unexpected results regarding dispatching.  相似文献   
5.
The statistical analysis of tree structured data is a new topic in statistics with wide application areas. Some Principal Component Analysis (PCA) ideas have been previously developed for binary tree spaces. These ideas are extended to the more general space of rooted and ordered trees. Concepts such as tree-line and forward principal component tree-line are redefined for this more general space, and the optimal algorithm that finds them is generalized.An analog of the classical dimension reduction technique in PCA for tree spaces is developed. To do this, backward principal components, the components that carry the least amount of information on tree data set, are defined. An optimal algorithm to find them is presented. Furthermore, the relationship of these to the forward principal components is investigated, and a path-independence property between the forward and backward techniques is proven.These methods are applied to a brain artery data set of 98 subjects. Using these techniques, the effects of aging to the brain artery structure of males and females is investigated. A second data set of the organization structure of a large US company is also analyzed and the structural differences across different types of departments within the company are explored.  相似文献   
6.
离散广义大系统的Lyapunov稳定性分析   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
广义大系统的稳定性是广义大系统理论的基本问题之一,对其稳定性的研究要比状态空间大系统复杂得多,因为广义大系统不仅需要考虑稳定性,而且还要考虑正则性和因果性(离散广义系统)及脉冲自由(连续广义系统).本文在所有孤立子系统都是正则的且具有因果关系的条件下,利用Lyapunov方程,应用Lyapunov函数方法,研究了广义离散线性大系统和广义离散非线性大系统的稳定性和不稳定性问题,给出了离散广义大系统稳定性和不稳定性判定定理,得到了离散广义大系统的关联稳定参数域和不稳定域.  相似文献   
7.
时变不确定广义系统的鲁棒无源控制   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
研究了除E外其余系数矩阵均含有范数有界时变不确定性的广义系统的鲁棒无源控制器设计问题.利用线性矩阵不等式方法,首先给出自治系统广义二次稳定且无源的充分条件;然后给出状态反馈鲁棒无源控制器的存在条件并用线性矩阵不等式的解构造了相应的控制器;随后以矩阵不等式的形式得到了动态输出反馈鲁棒无源控制器的存在条件,同时利用矩阵不等式的解给出相应控制器的设计方法;最后举例说明了所提出方法的可行性.  相似文献   
8.
One of the difficulties of the numerical integration methods for differential–algebraic equations (DAEs) is the computation of consistent initial values before starting the integration, i.e. calculating values that satisfy the given algebraic constraints as well as the hidden constraints if higher index problems are considered. This paper presents an approach to calculate consistent initial values for index‐2 DAEs starting up from possibly inconsistent ones for systems arising from modified nodal analysis (MNA) in circuit simulation. This article is based on the results from Estévez Schwarz and Tischendorf, International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications 2000; 28 : 131–162. Several of the denotations and results that we use were introduced there in more detail. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
9.
In this paper we are concerned with networks obtained by connecting independent sources, linear resistors and non‐linear ideal op amps. A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence and uniqueness of solutions for every positive output saturation voltage of the op amps and every value of the independent sources is found. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
10.
Accurate numerical evaluation of integrals arising in the boundary element method is fundamental to achieving useful results via this solution technique. In this paper, a number of techniques are considered to evaluate the weakly singular integrals which arise in the solution of Laplace's equation in three dimensions and Poisson's equation in two dimensions. Both are two‐dimensional weakly singular integrals and are evaluated using (in a product fashion) methods which have recently been used for evaluating one‐dimensional weakly singular integrals arising in the boundary element method. The methods used are based on various polynomial transformations of conventional Gaussian quadrature points where the transformation polynomial has zero Jacobian at the singular point. Methods which split the region of integration into sub‐regions are considered as well as non‐splitting methods. In particular, the newly introduced and highly accurate generalized composite subtraction of singularity and non‐linear transformation approach (GSSNT) is applied to various two‐dimensional weakly singular integrals. A study of the different methods reveals complex relationships between transformation orders, position of the singular point, integration kernel and basis function. It is concluded that the GSSNT method gives the best overall results for the two‐dimensional weakly singular integrals studied. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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