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大数据流式计算:关键技术及系统实例   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
大数据计算主要有批量计算和流式计算两种形态,目前,关于大数据批量计算系统的研究和讨论相对充分,而如何构建低延迟、高吞吐且持续可靠运行的大数据流式计算系统是当前亟待解决的问题且研究成果和实践经验相对较少.总结了典型应用领域中流式大数据所呈现出的实时性、易失性、突发性、无序性、无限性等特征,给出了理想的大数据流式计算系统在系统结构、数据传输、应用接口、高可用技术等方面应该具有的关键技术特征,论述并对比了已有的大数据流式计算系统的典型实例,最后阐述了大数据流式计算系统在可伸缩性、系统容错、状态一致性、负载均衡、数据吞吐量等方面所面临的技术挑战.  相似文献
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Providing support forschema evolution allows existing databases to be adjusted for varying roles over time. This paper reflects on existing evolution support schemes and introduces a more general and functional mechanism to support schema evolution andinstance adaptation for centralized and distributed object-oriented database systems. Our evolution support scheme is distinguished from previous mechanisms in that it is primarily concerned with preserving existing database objects and maintaining compatibility for old applications, while permitting a wider range of evolution operations. It achieves this by supporting schema versioning, allowing multiple representations of instances to persist simultaneously, and providing for programmer specification of how to adapt existing instances. The mechanism is general enough to provide much of the support necessarily forheterogeneous schema integration, as well as incorporating much of the features of object migration and replication.  相似文献
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This paper examines a decision-tree framework for instance-space decomposition. According to the framework, the original instance-space is hierarchically partitioned into multiple subspaces and a distinct classifier is assigned to each subspace. Subsequently, an unlabeled, previously-unseen instance is classified by employing the classifier that was assigned to the subspace to which the instance belongs. After describing the framework, the paper suggests a novel splitting-rule for the framework and presents an experimental study, which was conducted, to compare various implementations of the framework. The study indicates that using the novel splitting-rule, previously presented implementations of the framework, can be improved in terms of accuracy and computation time.  相似文献
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