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改进了Duncan-Chang模型的切线模量,并证明改进模型能克服传统模型应力应变曲线的数学缺陷。在获得多组三轴试验参数的基础上,利用Matlab中的lsqcurvefit函数对Duncan-Chang切线模量和改进切线模量进行回归分析。结果表明:改进切线模量的残差平方和比Duncan-Chang模型切线模量的残差平方和小,因而改进模型能更好地模拟实际情况;试验参数取平均值时改进切线模量的残差平方和比其利用回归分析所得的残差平方和大,说明利用回归分析法拟合试验参数是一种很好的途径,其结果更符合材料客观平均状态。  相似文献
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国内外学者广泛认为原位岩体的纵波波速小于其中岩块的波速,且岩体愈破碎小得愈多.这是将岩体与岩块纵波波速比的平方定义为岩体的完整性系数并写入现行规范的认识基础.然而在部分工程围岩声波测试中却发现,用通常手段得到的大部分岩体的测井波速反而大于岩芯波速.本文围绕声波速度、岩性、坚硬程度、裂隙特征、胶结程度、完整程度、地应力情况对某地铁隧道工程基岩20余个钻孔150余块岩芯进行多种手段的对比研究和综合分析,探讨了岩芯卸荷扰动的声学敏感性及其影响因素.  相似文献
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利用三维弹塑性有限元,桩土界面间水平向位移相容、竖向设置具有双曲线型本构关系的非线性弹簧,对某桥矩形承台18根群桩基础竖向承载变形特性进行数值模拟分析,较好地模拟了大型群桩基础桩土间相互作用.通过分析承台荷载与承台沉降、桩顶轴力分布、桩顶轴力与承台荷载、桩顶轴力与桩顶沉降、桩身轴力分布及群桩基础沉降变形特性等,来研究承台群桩基础与土体共同作用的受力机理与变形机制,同时还分析了确定群桩基础的群桩效应.  相似文献
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采用发射光谱法(ES)、X-射线荧光光谱法(XRF)、等离子体质谱法(ICP-MS)等方法,对广西省靖西县三合铝土矿区7个典型堆积铝土矿石样品中的硼(B)、镓(Ga)、铍(Ga)、锶(Sr)、钡(Ba)、钍(Th)及铀(U)等7个对沉积环境指示性较好的微量元素进行含量测试分析和相关比值计算等地球化学特征研究,以此探讨该区铝土矿的成矿作用与成矿环境.研究认为,本区铝土矿的微量元素地化特征表明铝土矿成矿物质来源多样,并显示出了明显的淡水沉积物特征,沉积环境陆相特征明显,局部存在残积作用,沉积后受到明显的海水改造作用.  相似文献
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Seepage and stress redistribution are the main factors affecting the stability of surrounding rock in high-pressure hydraulic tunnels.In this work,the effects of the seepage field were firstly simplified as a seepage factor acting on the stress field,and the equilibrium equation of high pressure inner water exosmosis was established based on physical theory.Then,the plane strain theory was used to solve the problem of elasticity,and the analytic expression of surrounding rock stress was obtained.On the basis of criterion of Norway,the influences of seepage,pore water pressure and buried depth on the characteristics of the stress distribution of surrounding rocks were studied.The analyses show that the first water-filling plays a decisive role in the stability of the surrounding rock; the influence of seepage on the stress field around the tunnel is the greatest,and the change of the seepage factor is approximately consistent with the logarithm divergence.With the effects of the rock pore water pressure,the circumferential stress shows the exchange between large and small,but the radial stress does not.Increasing the buried depth can enhance the arching effect of the surrounding rock,thus improving the stability.  相似文献
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尝试建立应力边界条件,通过Airy应力函数法解答不连续地质构造中偏压隧道围岩受力问题,并获得应力位移弹性解。经讨论发现,与b→∞模型相比,b→c模型更适于分析不连续地质引起的围岩偏压效应。结果表明,不连续地质引起的偏压现象使围岩各方位应力集中程度不同,径向应力的极值方位发生变化,同时环向应力的极大值位置发生转移。得到的结果为不连续地质构造中隧道偏压问题提供理论解答。  相似文献
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Based on the fictitious soil pile model, the effect of sediment on the vertical dynamic impedance of rock-socketed pile with large diameter was theoretically studied by means of Laplace transform technique and impedance function transfer method. Firstly, the sediment under rock-socketed pile was assumed to be fictitious soil pile with the same sectional area. The Rayleigh-Love rode model was used to simulate the rock-socketed pile and the fictitious soil pile with the consideration of the lateral inertial effect of large-diameter pile. The layered surrounding soils and bedrock were modeled by the plane strain model. Then, by virtue of the initial conditions and boundary conditions of the soil pile system, the analytical solution of the vertical dynamic impedance at the head of rock-socketed pile was derived for the arbitrary excitation acting on the pile head. Lastly, based on the presented analytical solution, the effect of sediment properties, bedrock property and lateral inertial effect on the vertical dynamic impedance at rock-socketed pile head were investigated in detail. It is shown that the sediment properties have significant effect on the vertical dynamic impedance at the rock-socketed pile head. The ability of soil-pile system to resist dynamic vertical deformation is weakened with the increase of sediment thickness, but amplified with the increase of shear wave velocity of sediment. The ability of soil pile system to resist dynamic vertical deformation is amplified with the bedrock property improving, but the ability of soil-pile system to resist vertical vibration is weakened with the improvement of bedrock property.  相似文献
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