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为了探索结构性黏土的一维压缩特性模拟方法,广泛调查研究了中国12种典型的结构性黏土的一维压缩试验,分析比较了这些黏土的原状土样和重塑土样的一维压缩试验结果,通过引入“结构比”变量并建立其破坏规律,提出了一个简单的可以描述结构性黏土一维压缩特性的模拟方法,并利用扰动状态概念推广此方法至扰动状态模型.最后,应用此模型模拟了结构性黏土的一维压缩实验,验证了此模拟方法的适用性.  相似文献
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The influence of different features of natural soft clays, namely anisotropy, destructuration and viscosity, on modelling the time-dependent behaviour of Murro embankment was investigated. The newly developed elasto-viscoplastic models were enhanced for determining viscosity parameters in a straightforward way and adopted for the finite element analysis. The same set of common parameters determined from conventional triaxial and oedometer tests was employed for all models, with additional parameters required for representing different soil features. The finite element predictions by using models coupled with BIOT’s consolidation theory were compared with each other and with field data for settlement, horizontal displacement and excess pore pressures. In addition, the stress paths under the embankment loading were also compared with each other to improve the understanding of the effect of different soil features. All simulations demonstrate that all three features significantly influence the predictions. As a consequence, accounting for soil features needs to be carefully considered when they are applied to a construction site.  相似文献
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采用不同本构模型对盾构开挖第4阶段的沉降进行了模拟,模型分别为考虑各向异性的本构模型(EVP-SCLAY1模型)和各向同性模型(MC模型和MCC模型),将这3个模型的计算结果与实测数据之间进行了对比,结果显示,在模拟盾构开挖引起的沉降范围以及地表沉降时,各向异性模型模拟结果与实测结果更加吻合,而MC模型预测结果最差。  相似文献
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