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In order to reveal the surface layer removal nature and explain the anisotropy of material removal rate in mechanical lapping single crystal diamond cutting tools, a brittle-ductile transition lapping mechanism is proposed. And then, the dynamic critical depths of cut for brittle-ductile transition in different directions on different planes can be calculated. The lapped surface layer of diamond cutting tool will be removed in plastic mode as long as the embedding depth of diamond grit into the lapped surface is less than the corresponding critical depth of cut. Lapping experiments on the named (110) plane and (100) plane are carried out and the lapped surfaces are measured with atomic force microscope (AFM). The results show that all the lapped surfaces of diamond cutting tools consist of plastic grooves in nanometric scale and the maximal groove depths have prominent anisotropy in different orientations and on different planes, which are consistent with the critical depths of cut well. Therefore, the material removal rate anisotropy of lapped surface layer can be analyzed by comparing the critical depths of cut on different crystallographic planes and in different orientations of the identical plane quantitatively.  相似文献
3.
Nanosize cobalt oxides as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Nanosize cobalt oxides (Co3O4) were synthesised by chemical decomposition of cobalt octacarbonyl in toluene at low temperature. Electrochemical properties of as-prepared Co3O4 as anodes in Li-ion cells were tested. The nanosized Co3O4 electrode demonstrate a stable reversible lithium storage capacity of 360 mAh/g within 30 cycles. The reactivity of as-prepared Co3O4 in Li-ion cells could be attributed to nanosize particles of Co3O4 and its lithiation products.  相似文献
4.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ROUND TO OVAL ROLLING PROCESS   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
1.IntroductionInthebarrollingprocess9ovalpassiswidelyused.Averycomplexthree--dimensionalInaterialflowtakesplaceinthepass.DuetothedifficLiltyofdevelopingtheoreticalanalysisforthree--dimensionalplasticdeformation,mosteffortsmadeonthissubjecthavebeeneitherempiricaloreXPerimental.Recently,withthedevelopmentofcomputers,thefiniteelementmethodhasbeenusedforthree--dimensionalrollingprocesssimulation.aam-etal.,simulatedsingleandmulti--passshaperollingusingfiniteandslabelementmethodll--3].Glowackietal…  相似文献
5.
High-speed milling of titanium alloys using binderless CBN tools   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
The performance of conventional tools is poor when used to machine titanium alloys. In this paper, a new tool material, which is binderless cubic boron nitride (BCBN), is used for high-speed milling of a widely used titanium alloy Ti–6Al–4V. The performance and the wear mechanism of the BCBN tool have been investigated when slot milling the titanium alloy in terms of cutting forces, tool life and wear mechanism. This type of tool manifests longer tool life at high cutting speeds. Observations based on the SEM and EDX suggest that adhesion of workpiece and attrition are the main wear mechanisms of the BCBN tool when used in high-speed milling of Ti–6Al–4V.  相似文献
6.
Wide potential windows were found at carbon nanotube film electrodes in neutral solutions after being treated with nitric acid and mixed acid. Electrochemical reversibility was investigated at carbon nanotube films with different pretreatments for ferri/ferrocyanide and quinone /hydroquinone. Carbon nanotube film electrodes presented quasi-reversible electrochemical behavior for both electrolytes. In the range of scan rate, carbon nanotube film electrodes treated with acids showed heterogeneous electron-transfer properties, which was mainly controlled by its electron state density on the surface of the film. On the whole, the carbon nanotube electrode with nitric acid treatment presented the best electrochemical behaviors, so we chose it as an analytical electrode to determine the trace compound in dilute solution. The results demonstrated that this new electrode material exhibits superior performance characteristics for the detection of azide anion.  相似文献
7.
FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS IN PULSED-BIAS ARC DEPOSITION   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
Arc deposition, a widely used surface coating technique, has disadvantages such as large droplet size and high deposition temperature. Recent trend in its renovation is the introduction of pulsed bias at the. substrate. The present paper attempts to describe the deposition process of TiN films using this technique with emphasis laid on the understanding of the basic problems such as discharge plasma properties, temperature calculation, and droplet size reduction. We show that this technique improves the film micro structure and quality, lowers deposition temperature, and allows coatings on insulating substrates. After analyzing load current oscillation behaviors, we have determined that the plasma load is of capacitance nature due to plasma sheath and that it is equivalent to a circuit element consisting of parallel capacitance and resistance. At last, we point out the remaining problems and future development of the pulsed-bias arc deposition technique.  相似文献
8.
1.IntroductionThepositionofpipetransportbecomesmoreandmoreimportantalongwithhighspeeddevelopingofmodernindustry.Nevertheless,nevercommonmetalnornonmetalmaterialwerecapableofactioninthecostandfunctionwhenitfacedupthebadenvironmentsuchaswear,erosionan…  相似文献
9.
Corrosion rates of mild steel for long-term immersion were estimated by electrochemical and weight-loss methods. The results showed that application of electrochemical methods yielded erroneous values. The main reason was that, β-FeOOH, produced after long-term immersion with high electrochemical activity in the inner rust layer, exerted significant influence. In electrochemical tests, even small polarization can make β-FeOOH participate in cathodic reaction, which leads to overestimating corrosion rate. In order to confirm it, electrochemical behaviour was studied in aerated and deaerated conditions to investigate the effect of rust layers on reduction reaction. After calibration, the electrochemical measurement result was coincided with the weight loss.  相似文献
10.
Amorphous metallic coatings with a composition of Fe48Cr15Mo14C15B6Y2 were fabricated by means of high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying process. The microstructure and wear performance of the coatings were characterized simultaneously in this article. It is found that the coatings present a dense layered structure with the porosity below 1.5%. The coatings primarily consist of amorphous matrix and some precipitated nanocrystals, though a fraction of Fe-rich phases and oxide stringers also formed during deposited process. High thermal stability enables the amorphous coatings to work below 920 K temperature without crystallization. Depending on the structural advantage, the amorphous coatings exhibit high average microhardness of 997.3 HV0.2, and excellent wear resistance during dry frictional wear process. The dominant wear mechanism of amorphous coating under this condition is fatigue wear, leading to partial or entire flaking off of the lamellae. In addition, the appearance of oxidative wear accelerates the failure of fatigue wear.  相似文献
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