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The low cycle fatigue tests of Ni-base superalloy Hastelloy X have been carried out in the temperature range of 650 - 870 °C with various total strain ranges. A change of slope in the Coffin-Manson (C-M) plot was found at 870 °C: the fatigue life significantly decreased at the total strain range less than 0.6%. The fatigue cracks initiated at the surface of the specimens and propagated transgranularly, regardless of test condition. However, the fatigue crack initiation site on the surface shifted from grain interior to grain boundary (GB) predominantly when the discontinuity of slope in the C-M plot began to occur. The fatigue crack tended to initiate preferentially at the oxidized GB rather than grain interior at 870 °C with total strain range below 0.6%. Under this condition, cyclic stability was pronounced, while cyclic hardening occurred at the rest of test conditions. The dislocation structures responsible for the cyclic stress response may partly account for the determination of major fatigue crack initiation site.  相似文献
2.
Tensile fracture behaviors of Nimonic 263 after three different heat treatments have been investigated. Standard heat treatment produces 10% γ′ coupled with precipitate free zones (PFZs), and M23C6 carbide densely distributed at grain boundaries (GBs). Alternative heat treatment causes dense distribution of GB carbides and precipitation of 1–3% γ′ with the absence of PFZs. Solution-treated sample has neither γ′ nor M23C6 carbide. Room temperature tensile tests indicate both standard and alternative heat-treated samples show intergranular fracture, but the elongation of the latter is two times larger than that of the former. The combined effect of GB carbides and intensive slip bands accounts for the intergranular fracture. The γ′ volume fraction affects elongation. Solution-treated sample displays transgranular fracture mode. Lack of restriction to dislocation mobility in grains interior and the weak interaction between GBs and dislocations are responsible for the transgranular fracture. The effect of PFZs on fracture mode may be negligible.  相似文献
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