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Support-Vector Networks   总被引:541,自引:0,他引:541  
Thesupport-vector network is a new learning machine for two-group classification problems. The machine conceptually implements the following idea: input vectors are non-linearly mapped to a very high-dimension feature space. In this feature space a linear decision surface is constructed. Special properties of the decision surface ensures high generalization ability of the learning machine. The idea behind the support-vector network was previously implemented for the restricted case where the training data can be separated without errors. We here extend this result to non-separable training data.High generalization ability of support-vector networks utilizing polynomial input transformations is demonstrated. We also compare the performance of the support-vector network to various classical learning algorithms that all took part in a benchmark study of Optical Character Recognition.  相似文献
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Many machine learning problems in natural language processing, transaction-log analysis, or computational biology, require the analysis of variable-length sequences, or, more generally, distributions of variable-length sequences.Kernel methods introduced for fixed-size vectors have proven very successful in a variety of machine learning tasks. We recently introduced a new and general kernel framework, rational kernels, to extend these methods to the analysis of variable-length sequences or more generally distributions given by weighted automata. These kernels are efficient to compute and have been successfully used in applications such as spoken-dialog classification with Support Vector Machines.However, the rational kernels previously introduced in these applications do not fully encompass distributions over alternate sequences. They are based only on the counts of co-occurring subsequences averaged over the alternate paths without taking into accounts information about the higher-order moments of the distributions of these counts.In this paper, we introduce a new family of rational kernels, moment kernels, that precisely exploits this additional information. These kernels are distribution kernels based on moments of counts of strings. We describe efficient algorithms to compute moment kernels and apply them to several difficult spoken-dialog classification tasks. Our experiments show that using the second moment of the counts of n-gram sequences consistently improves the classification accuracy in these tasks.Editors: Dan Roth and Pascale Fung  相似文献
3.
We have been developing signature-based methods in the telecommunications industry for the past 5 years. In this paper, we describe our work as it evolved due to improvements in technology and our aggressive attitude toward scale. We discuss the types of features that our signatures contain, nuances of how these are updated through time, our treatment of outliers, and the trade-off between time-driven and event-driven processing. We provide a number of examples, all drawn from the application of signatures to toll fraud detection.  相似文献
4.
This paper studies a novel paradigm for learning formal languages from positive and negative examples which consists of mapping strings to an appropriate high-dimensional feature space and learning a separating hyperplane in that space. Such mappings can often be represented flexibly with string kernels, with the additional benefit of computational efficiency. The paradigm inspected can thus be viewed as that of using kernel methods for learning languages.  相似文献
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