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In this paper, a new mold-transfer method to pattern piezoelectric polymer has been developed and applied to fabricate innovative dome and bump shape polyvinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene (PVDF-TrFE) films. The dome and bump shape PVDF-TrFE films have been successfully fabricated and characterized as a sensing component for flexible tactile sensors. The tactile sensors developed using these polymer microstructures show a high sensitivity which can measure as small as 40 mN force for bump shape sensors and 25 mN for dome shape sensors. The newly developed fabrication method provides a flexible way to pattern the piezoelectric polymer with different shapes and dimensions, including bump and dome shape piezoelectric polymer microstructures. In addition, a selective dc poling method for the PVDF-TrFE film has been developed for fabricating precisely located piezoelectric sensors with minimum crosstalk. The bump and dome shape PVDF-TrFE films developed in this paper can have numerous applications for microcatheters or other minimally invasive biomedical devices.  相似文献
2.
A novel bidirectional magnetic microactuator using electroplated permanent magnet arrays has been designed, fabricated and characterized. To realize a bidirectional microactuator, CoNiMnP-based permanent magnet arrays have been fabricated first on a silicon cantilever beam using a new electroplating technique. In the fabricated permanent magnets, the vertical coercivity and retentivity have been achieved up to 87.6 kA/m (1100 Oe) and 190 mT (1900 G), respectively by applying magnetic field during electroplating. A prototype bidirectional magnetic microactuator has been realized by integrating an electromagnet with a silicon cantilever beam, which has permanent magnet arrays on its tip. By applying a do current of 100 mA and altering its polarity, bidirectional motion on the tip of the cantilever beam has been successfully achieved in the deflection range of ±80 μm  相似文献
3.
The goal of this study is to present an efficient strategy for reliability analysis of multidisciplinary analysis systems. Existing methods have performed the reliability analysis using nonlinear optimization techniques. This is mainly due to the fact that they directly apply multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) frameworks to the reliability analysis formulation. Accordingly, the reliability analysis and the multidisciplinary analysis (MDA) are tightly coupled in a single optimizer, which hampers the use of recursive and function-approximation-based reliability analysis methods such as the first-order reliability method (FORM). In order to implement an efficient reliability analysis method for multidisciplinary analysis systems, we propose a new strategy named sequential approach to reliability analysis for multidisciplinary analysis systems (SARAM). In this approach, the reliability analysis and MDA are decomposed and arranged in a sequential manner, making a recursive loop. The key features are as follows. First, by the nature of the recursive loop, it can utilize the efficient advanced first-order reliability method (AFORM). It is known that AFORM converges fast in many cases and requires only the value and the gradient of the limit-state function. Second, the decomposed architecture makes it possible to execute concurrent subsystem analyses for both the reliability analysis and MDA. The concurrent subsystem analyses are conducted by using the global sensitivity equation (GSE). The efficiency of the SARAM method was verified using two illustrative examples taken from the literatures. Compared with existing methods, it showed the least number of subsystem analyses over the other methods while maintaining accuracy.  相似文献
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This paper presents an efficient reliability-based multidisciplinary design optimization (RBMDO) strategy. The conventional RBMDO has tri-level loops: the first level is an optimization in the deterministic space, the second one is a reliability analysis in the probabilistic space, and the third one is the multidisciplinary analysis. Since it is computationally inefficient when high-fidelity simulation methods are involved, an efficient strategy is proposed. The strategy [named probabilistic bi-level integrated system synthesis (ProBLISS)] utilizes a single-level reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) approach, in which the reliability analysis and optimization are conducted in a sequential manner by approximating limit state functions. The single-level RBDO is associated with the BLISS formulation to solve RBMDO problems. Since both the single-level RBDO and BLISS are mainly driven by approximate models, the accuracy of models can be a critical issue for convergence. The convergence of the strategy is guaranteed by employing the trust region–sequential quadratic programming framework, which validates approximation models in the trust region radius. Two multidisciplinary problems are tested to verify the strategy. ProBLISS significantly reduces the computational cost and shows stable convergence while maintaining accuracy.  相似文献
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This paper shows the novel type of microfluidic system for the purpose of applications to delivery systems, which is the core device of -TAS (micro Total Analysis System) in medicine and biology. The proposed microfluidic control device in this work has been designed for precisely actuating and fast sampling in submicroliter range. Also, the biological liquids have not been contaminated since they have been isolated from the ferrofluids. The magnetic dipoles in ferrofluids line up with the applied field due to the permanent magnet with surface gauss 3400. The maximum net pressure by ferrofluid flows in the rounded microchannel was more than 2 kPa. The device was fabricated by MEMS technology with silicon wafer. The stepping motor with 20 steps was used for the control of delivering the liquids. One step makes the permanent magnet move 18° in the circumferential direction and the liquids can be sampled in nanoliter level. This study presents a significant point that a microfluidic delivery system for sampling biological liquids with high pressure in a microchannels can be integrated in -TAS.This work was supported by the Korea Research Fundation Grant (KRF-2002–005-D00003).  相似文献
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