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英国科学家和工程师对科学传播的影响调查
引用本文:李大光.英国科学家和工程师对科学传播的影响调查[J].科普研究,2007(3):59-64.
作者姓名:李大光
作者单位:中国科学院研究生院人文学院社会科学系
摘    要:文章是在英国皇家学会和威康信托基金会以及其他研究机构在2000年和2006年进行科学家和工程技术人员参与科学传播活动和看法的调查数据基础上整理而成的。英国的这两次调查内容主要涉及到英国科学家对科学传播的必要性,科学家参与科学传播的情况,科学家应该对谁传播、传播什么,科学家传播的传播能力与信心,科学传播的主要障碍,政府、研究经费的提供者应该如何支持科学传播,研究机构和学校在科学传播方面的责任和作用,进行科学传播的科学家心理活动和认识以及被访科学家对激励科学传播的建议。

关 键 词:科学家参与  科学传播  障碍  激励机制  责任
修稿时间:2007年4月18日

Survey of Factors Affecting Science Communication by Scientists and Engineers
LI Daguang.Survey of Factors Affecting Science Communication by Scientists and Engineers[J].Science Popularization,2007(3):59-64.
Authors:LI Daguang
Abstract:This article is a brief introduction of the survey of "the Role of Scientists in Public Debate" and the "Survey of Factors Affecting Science Communication by Scientists and Engineers" conducted by Royal Society and Wellcome Trust in 2000 and 2006 respectively. The aim and objectives are concerning how scientists define the term "Public Engagement", who they should communicate with, what they should communicate, how they participated in the science communication activities, how they feel they are equipped with science communication and what barriers to the public engagement, and also, what stimuli in encouraging science communication should be activated by governments, funders, institutions and departments. This article is expected to make Chinese scientists and other research organizations and those who are interested in science communication aware of recent research on the role of scientists in this field and provoke debates on encouraging more Chinese scientists in science communication and the evaluation of the effectiveness of the work.
Keywords:participation of scientists  science communication  barriers  mechanics of encouragement  responsibility
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