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再论数字矿山:特征、框架与关键技术
引用本文:吴立新,殷作如,钟亚平.再论数字矿山:特征、框架与关键技术[J].煤炭学报,2003,28(1):1-7.
作者姓名:吴立新  殷作如  钟亚平
作者单位:1. 中国矿业大学,北京校区,北京,100083
2. 中国矿业大学,北京校区,北京,100083;开滦集团公司,河北,唐山,063000
3. 开滦集团公司,河北,唐山,063000
基金项目:教育部第三届“高校青年教师奖”支持计划资助项目
摘    要:基于中国矿山信息化推进工作中的问题分析,以智能交通体系为参照描述了数字矿山(Digital Mine,简称DM)的六大基本特征:以高速企业网为“路网”;以组件式矿山软件为“车辆”,以矿山数据与模型为“燃料”;以3D地学模拟(3D Geoscience Modeling,简称3DGM)与数据挖掘为“过滤”;以数据采集与更新为“保障”,以矿山GIS为“调度”,基于4层C/S结构和矿山业务流程,设计了数字矿山的基本组成图与网络架构。提出并讨论了数字矿山战略实施的9项关键技术:矿山数据仓库技术;矿山数据挖掘技术;真3DGM与可视化技术;矿山3D拓扑建模与分析技术,组件式矿山软件与模型;地下快速定位与自动导航技术,井下多媒体通讯与无线传输技术,智能采矿机器人“班组”技术及矿山3S(GIS,GPS,RS),OA(Office Automation),CDS(Command DIspatch System)五位一体技术,并简要介绍了“数字开滦”的实施进展。

关 键 词:数字矿山  矿山GIS  矿井通讯  矿山自动化  遥控采矿  GPS  ORS
文章编号:0253-9993(2003)01-0001-07
修稿时间:2002年3月18日

Restudy on digital mine:characteristics, framework and key technologies
WU Li-xin,YIN Zuo-ru ,ZHONG Ya-ping.Restudy on digital mine:characteristics, framework and key technologies[J].Journal of China Coal Society,2003,28(1):1-7.
Authors:WU Li-xin  YIN Zuo-ru    ZHONG Ya-ping
Institution:WU Li-xin1,YIN Zuo-ru 1,2,ZHONG Ya-ping2
Abstract:Based on the analysis of the complexes in the promotion of mine informatization in China, the basic characteristics of digital mine(DM) are described referring to the intelligent transportation system as: high speed intranet be the road-net;modular mining software be the vehicle; mine data and models be the fuel; 3D geoscience modeling(3DGM) and data mining be the filter; data collecting and updating be the safeguard and mine GIS(MGIS) be the scheduler. Based on the four-layer structure of C/S and the business process in mine, a fundamental constituent diagram and a network framework of DM are designed. The nine key technologies for the implementation of DM strategy are discussed, which includes the data warehouse in mine; the data mining in mine; real 3DGM and visualization; 3D topological modeling and analysis in mine; modular application software and models; underground rapid positioning and automatic navigation; underground multimedia communication and wireless transmission; intelligent mining robot-groups and the integration of 3S(GIS, GPS, RS), office automation(OA) and command dispatch system(CDS). Furthermore, the recent progress of digital Kailuan is introduced as an case of DM.
Keywords:digital mine  MGIS  3S integration  mine communication  mine automation  remote-control mining
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