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煤矿绿色开采技术
引用本文:钱鸣高,许家林,缪协兴.煤矿绿色开采技术[J].中国矿业大学学报,2003,32(4):343-348.
作者姓名:钱鸣高  许家林  缪协兴
作者单位:1. 中国矿业大学,能源科学与工程学院,江苏,徐州,221008
2. 中国矿业大学,理学院,江苏,徐州,221008
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(59674011),国家杰出青年科学基金(50225414)
摘    要:提出了煤矿绿色开采的概念,阐述了它的内涵和技术体系,绿色开采的理论基础为:开采后岩层中的关键层运动形成的节理裂隙与离层规律以及瓦斯与地下水在破断岩层中的渗流规律。绿色开采技术的主要内容包括:保水开采、建筑物下采煤与离层注浆减沉、条带与充填开采、煤与瓦斯共采、煤巷支护与部分矸石的井下处理、煤炭地下气化等。

关 键 词:煤矿  绿色开采技术  岩层控制  关键层理论  复合效应  技术体系  瓦斯  地下水  渗流规律  采空区充填开采技术  煤巷支护技术  煤炭地下气化
文章编号:1000-1964(2003)04-0343-06
修稿时间:2003年5月23日

Green Technique in Coal Mining
QIAN Ming-gao,XU Jia-lin,MIAO Xie-xing.Green Technique in Coal Mining[J].Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2003,32(4):343-348.
Authors:QIAN Ming-gao  XU Jia-lin  MIAO Xie-xing
Abstract:The concept of green technique in coal mining was proposed. Its connotation and technical system were explained. The theory foundation of the green technique in coal mining is the distribution behaviour of joints, fractures and bed separations, the seepage flow behaviour of methane and water in the broken rock strata caused by the key strata break after mining. The main content of the green technique in coal mining includes water-preserved-mining, coal mining under building and bed separation grouting to reduce surface subsidence, partial extraction and backfill mining, simultaneous extraction of coal and coal-bed methane. coal roadway supporting, underground discharge of partial rock refuse and underground coal gasification, etc.
Keywords:green technique in coal mining  the key stratum theory in ground control  strata movements  green technical system of mining
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