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无线传感器网络路由协议研究进展
引用本文:唐勇,周明天,张欣.无线传感器网络路由协议研究进展[J].软件学报,2006,17(3):410-421.
作者姓名:唐勇  周明天  张欣
作者单位:1. 电子科技大学计算机科学与工程学院,四川,成都,610054
2. 电子科技大学通信与信息工程学院,四川,成都,610054
摘    要:无线传感器网络具有与传统网络不同的特点,且与应用高度相关.传统路由协议不能有效地用于无线传感器网络,因而人们研究了众多的无线传感器网络路由协议.在介绍无线传感器网络的特点后,提出了路由协议的分类方法,然后着重分析了当前一些较为重要的路由协议的核心路由机制,并采用比较方式指出了这些路由协议的类别、特点和主要应用范围.最后总结了好的路由协议应具有的特点以及未来的研究策略与发展趋势.

关 键 词:无线传感器网络  自组织网络  路由协议  路由机制
收稿时间:2005-08-18
修稿时间:2005-11-08

Overview of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks
TANG Yong,ZHOU Ming-Tian and ZHANG Xin.Overview of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks[J].Journal of Software,2006,17(3):410-421.
Authors:TANG Yong  ZHOU Ming-Tian and ZHANG Xin
Institution:1.College of Computing Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China; 2.College of Communication and Information Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 China
Abstract:Wireless sensor networks are different from traditional networks and highly dependent on applications, so traditional routing protocols cannot be applied efficiently to them. Therefore many routing protocols for wireless sensor networks are studied. After describing the characteristics of wireless sensor networks, the classification standards for routing protocols are presented. Then the key mechanisms of the existing representative routing protocols are analyzed and their classifications, characteristics and application areas are compared. Finally, the important features that good routing protocols possess are summarized, and the future research strategies and trends.
Keywords:wireless sensor network  ad hoc network  routing protocol  routing mechanism
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