首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
     检索      

带不等式路径约束最优控制问题的惩罚函数法
引用本文:胡云卿,刘兴高,薛安克.带不等式路径约束最优控制问题的惩罚函数法[J].自动化学报,2013,39(12):1996-2001.
作者姓名:胡云卿  刘兴高  薛安克
作者单位:1. 浙江大学工业控制技术国家重点实验室 杭州 310027;2. 杭州电子科技大学信息与控制研究所 杭州 310018
基金项目:国家863计划项目 (2006AA05Z226),国家自然科学基金 (U1162130),浙江省杰出青年科学基金项目 (R4100133)资助
摘    要:控制变量参数化(Control variable parameterization,CVP)方法是目前求解流程工业中最优操作问题的主流数值方法,但如果问题中包含路径约束,特别是不等式路径约束时,CVP方法则需要考虑专门的处理手段.为了克服该缺点,本文提出一种基于L1精确惩罚函数的方法,能够有效处理关于控制变量、状态变量、甚至控制变量/状态变量复杂耦合形式下的不等式路径约束.此外,为了能使用基于梯度的成熟优化算法,本文还引进了最新出现的光滑化技巧对非光滑的惩罚项进行磨光.最终得到了能高效处理不等式路径约束的改进型CVP架构,并给出相应数值算法.经典的带不等式路径约束最优控制问题上的测试结果及与国外文献报道的比较研究表明:本文所提出的改进型CVP 架构及相应算法在精度和效率上兼有良好表现.

关 键 词:流程工业  最优控制  控制变量参数化  不等式路径约束  惩罚函数
收稿时间:2012-05-15

A Penalty Method for Solving Inequality Path Constrained Optimal Control Problems
HU Yun-Qing,LIU Xing-Gao,XUE An-Ke.A Penalty Method for Solving Inequality Path Constrained Optimal Control Problems[J].Acta Automatica Sinica,2013,39(12):1996-2001.
Authors:HU Yun-Qing  LIU Xing-Gao  XUE An-Ke
Institution:1. State Key Laboratory of Industry Control Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027;2. Institute of Information and Control, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018
Abstract:Control variable parameterization (CVP) method is currently popular for solving optimal control problems in process industries. However, dealing with path constraints is difficult in the framework of CVP method, especially for inequality path constraints. In order to conquer this flaw, this paper introduces the L1 exact penalty function from the mathematical programming into the field of optimal control so as to incorporate all the inequality path constraints into the original objective function. Besides, in order to use sophisticated gradient-based optimization algorithms, a novel smoothing technique is introduced to make the penalty terms differentiable. In this way, an enhanced CVP implementation structure which can handle inequality path constraints efficiently and a concomitant algorithm are proposed. Classic optimal control problems with path constraints are illustrated. Compared with the results by previous researchers, the results obtained in this paper demonstrate marked advantages in terms of accuracy and efficiency.
Keywords:CIMS  optimal control  control variable parameterization  inequality path constraint  penalty function
点击此处可从《自动化学报》浏览原始摘要信息
点击此处可从《自动化学报》下载免费的PDF全文
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号