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1.
王长江  傅友华 《信号处理》2022,38(9):1965-1974
智能反射表面(intelligent reflective surface,IRS)被认为是无线通信网络的前景技术之一。然而由于IRS无源波束赋形优化受到本身所具有的非凸恒模约束,现有工作在IRS辅助的多输入多输出(multiple input multiple output,MIMO)系统中的研究只能得到次优解且具有较高的复杂度。本文考虑一个单用户IRS辅助通信的毫米波MIMO系统,为了最大化频谱效率,优化通信接入点AP(access point)端有源和IRS端无源波束赋形矩阵。首先将有源和无源波束赋形矩阵解耦,得到AP的最优有源波束赋形解,将IRS无源波束赋形设计问题推导为一个非凸二次约束二次规划(quadratically constrained quadratic programming,QCQP)问题;采用低复杂度的连续闭式解(successive closed form,SCF)算法求解IRS无源波束赋形矩阵,为了衡量SCF算法性能,分析对比了现有的最优分支界定(branch and bound,BnB)算法。仿真结果验证了SCF算法在IRS相移连续和离散时均能在较低复杂...  相似文献   

2.
针对MIMO车联网系统中V2I和V2V共享频谱的情形,提出了一种IRS辅助的联合波束成形设计方法。在保证V2V用户数据速率需求、V2I基站发射功率受限和IRS反射相移模约束等条件下,以最大化V2I用户的信道容量为目标,联合优化基站端发送预编码和IRS端的反射相移矩阵。采用最小均方误差规则、矩阵分析理论和内逼算法把非凸且变量耦合的优化问题转换为解耦后的凸优化问题,并提出一种交替迭代优化算法获得原问题的解。对所提算法的性能进行仿真,分析了IRS反射单元数、IRS部署位置和车速对车联网频谱效率的影响。仿真结果表明,所提算法收敛性较好,若在基站附近部署IRS,利用所提的联合波束成形方法能最大限度地提高车联网频谱效率。  相似文献   

3.
为解决非视距场景下毫米波多用户多输入单输出(MU-MISO)系统下行链路的可靠性通信问题,提出一种分布式智能反射表面(IRS)辅助多用户通信的联合波束成形设计方案.考虑功率和恒模约束,以用户加权和速率最大为目标,将基站有源波束成形和多个IRS无源波束成形联合建模为非凸优化问题.利用闭式分式规划技术解耦该联合优化问题为易...  相似文献   

4.
薛昊  李烨 《通信技术》2023,(5):552-559
在发射端具有不完美硬件的多输入多输出(Multiple Input Multiple Output,MIMO)系统中,存在失真噪声和干扰噪声,这导致用户侧接收信号受损,系统频谱效率低下。为解决此问题,考虑使用双智能反射面(Intelligent Reflecting Surface,IRS)辅助,联合优化基站波束赋形矩阵和两个IRS的反射相移矩阵,最大化多用户和速率。目标函数是变量高度耦合、复杂的非凸优化问题,分别使用交替优化方法、半正定松弛(Semi-Definite Relaxation,SDR)算法和奇异值分解归一化的方法求解。仿真结果表明,在发射端具有不完美硬件的MIMO系统中,与单IRS辅助和无IRS方案相比,使用双IRS辅助通信能够获得更好的系统频谱效率。  相似文献   

5.
晏万才  李方伟  王明月 《电讯技术》2023,63(12):1985-1994
针对多天线无线携能通信系统中能量收集节点作为潜在窃听者的信息安全问题,提出了一种智能反射面(Intelligent Reflecting Surface, IRS)和人工噪声辅助的物理层安全传输方案。首先考虑发射功率、能量收集门限以及IRS单位模约束,以最大化系统安全速率为优化目标,在合法用户直射链路不可用的情况下,联合设计发射端波束赋形矩阵、人工噪声协方差矩阵以及IRS相移矩阵,建模一非线性多变量耦合的非凸优化问题;接着利用均方误差准则等价转换非凸目标函数,并利用连续凸逼近方法(Successive Convex Approximation, SCA)处理非凸的能量收集约束;最后基于交替优化框架,分别用拉格朗日对偶方法和基于价格机制的优化最小化(Majorization-Minimization, MM)算法求解发射端变量和IRS端变量。仿真结果表明,与现有方案相比,所提算法能够在保障能量收集需求的同时大幅度提升系统的安全性能。  相似文献   

6.
为满足绿色万物互联的智能信号处理部署和物理层安全的新要求,针对基于智能反射面辅助的无线携能通信物联网系统中可持续能量供应紧缺问题,提出了一种安全波束成形设计方法。考虑保密速率、发射功率和IRS反射相移约束,以最大化能量采集器采集功率为目标,联合优化基站发射波束成形矩阵和干扰机协方差矩阵以及IRS相移,将优化问题建模为具有二次型约束的非凸二次型规划问题。利用松弛变量、半定松弛法、辅助变量和序列参数凸逼近法将非凸的二次型问题转化为等价的凸问题,并提出一种交替迭代优化算法获取原问题的可行解。仿真结果表明,所提算法能够快速收敛,且与基准方案相比能有效地提升性能。  相似文献   

7.
为了解决安全空间调制系统中合法信道增益差的问题,提出了一种用智能反射面(Intelligent Reflective Surface,IRS)实现空间调制的物理层安全传输方案。IRS接收到发射端发射的幅相调制信号后,通过选择不同的IRS反射元件序号对空域部分信息进行映射,再将信号反射到接收端,以增大窃听端获取完整信息的难度。此外,在发射端采用波束赋形和天线分集技术,提高了系统有效性和可靠性。对系统的保密速率和误比特率进行的理论分析和仿真实验结果表明,所提方案不仅可以提高系统保密速率,还可以降低合法接收端的误比特率。  相似文献   

8.
智能反射面(Intelligent Reflecting Surface,IRS)作为面向第6代通信的关键技术之一具有创新、高效、节能和成本效益高等特点,但其联合波束成形设计为非凸优化问题,仍然是具有挑战的难题。为此,提出了一种用于IRS辅助多用户大规模多输入多输出系统的联合波束成形设计方案,以实现系统数据速率最大化。该方案在基站端采用迫零波束成形以消除用户间干扰,同时在IRS端设计了近最优反射波束成形以实现系统和数据速率最大化。仿真结果表明,该方案可获得较高的系统和数据速率,也为IRS位置布局的选择提供了数据支持与参考准则。  相似文献   

9.
为了解决能量收集效率易受到障碍物阻挡和信道不确定性影响的问题,该文提出一种基于智能反射面(IRS)辅助的无线供电通信网络鲁棒能效(EE)最大化算法。首先,考虑最小收集能量、IRS相移、最小吞吐量等约束,基于有界信道不确定性,建立一个联合优化能量波束、相移、传输时间的多变量耦合非线性资源分配模型。然后,利用最坏准则、变量替换和S-Procedure等方法,将原非凸问题转换为确定性凸优化问题,同时,提出一种基于迭代的鲁棒能效最大化算法进行求解。仿真结果表明,与现有算法比较,该文算法具有较好的能效和鲁棒性。  相似文献   

10.
为了提高无人机中继系统的安全通信性能,解决无线信道受障碍物遮挡问题,该文提出一种基于智能反射面(IRS)辅助的无人机(UAV)中继系统安全通信方法。在所提方法中,通过联合优化UAV的位置、基站波束成形和IRS相移,最大化系统的最小保密速率。为了解决这个复杂的非凸优化问题,该文将原问题分解为UAV位置优化子问题、波束成形和IRS相移优化两个子问题。使用1阶泰勒展开处理优化问题中的非凸项,然后提出一种交替优化的算法进行求解。仿真结果表明该文提出的算法能提高系统的最小保密速率,并且具有良好的收敛性。  相似文献   

11.
From its emergence in the late 1980s as a lower cost alternative to early EEPROM technologies, flash memory has evolved to higher densities and speedsand rapidly growing acceptance in mobile applications.In the process, flash memory devices have placed increased test requirements on manufacturers. Today, as flash device test grows in importance in China, manufacturers face growing pressure for reduced cost-oftest, increased throughput and greater return on investment for test equipment. At the same time, the move to integrated flash packages for contactless smart card applications adds a significant further challenge to manufacturers seeking rapid, low-cost test.  相似文献   

12.
The parallel thinning algorithm with two subiterations is improved in this paper. By analyzing the notions of connected components and passes, a conclusion is drawn that the number of passes and the number of eight-connected components are equal. Then the expression of the number of eight-connected components is obtained which replaces the old one in the algorithm. And a reserving condition is proposed by experiments, which alleviates the excess deletion where a diagonal line and a beeline intersect. The experimental results demonstrate that the thinned curve is almost located in the middle of the original curve connectivelv with single pixel width and the processing speed is high.  相似文献   

13.
The relation between the power of the Brillouin signal and the strain is one of the bases of the distributed fiber sensors of temperature and strain. The coefficient of the Bfillouin gain can be changed by the temperature and the strain that will affect the power of the Brillouin scattering. The relation between the change of the Brillouin gain coefficient and the strain is thought to be linear by many researchers. However, it is not always linear based on the theoretical analysis and numerical simulation. Therefore, errors will be caused if the relation between the change of the Brillouin gain coefficient and the strain is regarded as to be linear approximately for measuring the temperature and the strain. For this reason, the influence of the parameters on the Brillouin gain coefficient is proposed through theoretical analysis and numerical simulation.  相似文献   

14.
Today, micro-system technology and the development of new MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) are emerging rapidly. In order for this development to become a success in the long run, measurement systems have to ensure product quality. Most often, MEMS have to be tested by means of functionality or destructive tests. One reason for this is that there are no suitable systems or sensing probes available which can be used for the measurement of quasi inaccessible features like small holes or cavities. We present a measurement system that could be used for these kinds of measurements. The system combines a fiber optical, miniaturized sensing probe with low-coherence interferometry, so that absolute distance measurements with nanometer accuracy are possible.  相似文献   

15.
A new quantum protocol to teleport an arbitrary unknown N-qubit entangled state from a sender to a fixed receiver under M controllers(M < N) is proposed. The quantum resources required are M non-maximally entangled Greenberger-Home-Zeilinger (GHZ) state and N-M non-maximally entangled Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs. The sender performs N generalized Bell-state measurements on the 2N particles. Controllers take M single-particle measurement along x-axis, and the receiver needs to introduce one auxiliary two-level particle to extract quantum information probabilistically with the fidelity unit if controllers cooperate with it.  相似文献   

16.
A continuous-wave (CW) 457 nm blue laser operating at the power of 4.2 W is demonstrated by using a fiber coupled laser diode module pumped Nd: YVO4 and using LBO as the intra-cavity SHG crystal With the optimization of laser cavity and crystal parameters, the laser operates at a very high efficiency. When the pumping power is about 31 W, the output at 457nm reaches 4.2 W, and the optical to optical conversion efficiency is about 13.5% accordingly. The stability of the out putpower is better than 1.2% for 8 h continuously working.  相似文献   

17.
Call for Papers     
正Wireless Body-area Networks The last decade has witnessed the convergence of three giant worlds:electronics,computer science and telecommunications.The next decade should follow this convergence in most of our activities with the generalization of sensor networks.In particular with the progress in medicine,people live longer and the aging of population will push the development of wireless personal networks  相似文献   

18.
正Information Centric Networking Information-Centric Networking(ICN) is an emerging direction in Future Internet architecture research,gaining significant tractions among academia and industry.Aiming to replace the conventional host-to-host communication model by a data-centric model,ICN treats data content as the first  相似文献   

19.
20.
正Journal of Electronics(China)(JE)was founded in 1984,sponsored by the Institute of Electronics,Chinese Academy of Sciences.JE is one of the first English academic journals in China in the field of Electronics and Information technology.The journal was published quarterly since it was launched in 1984 to 2003,then it is published bimonthly till now.During  相似文献   

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