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1.
随机二相编码连续波雷达的研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
顾红  刘国岁 《电子学报》1995,23(12):71-74
本文对新型噪声雷达即随机二相编码连续波雷达作了系统研究。分析了该雷达波形的概率分布、平均模糊函数以及脉冲压缩后距离旁瓣的概率分布,提出了一种抑制距离旁瓣的统计处理方法,通过多级统计处理后可保证峰值距离旁瓣低于-30dB,同时给出了系统参数的设计,并讨论了该噪声雷达的多普勒容限扩展问题,分析表明,该噪声雷达能同时测定远距离和高速目标。  相似文献   

2.
针对LFM噪声雷达波形旁瓣功率水平高的问题,该文将低旁瓣波形设计方法和LFM噪声雷达波形设计方法相结合,提出一种新的低旁瓣LFM噪声雷达波形设计方法。该方法首先建立低旁瓣LFM噪声雷达波形设计目标函数,将确定性二次相位和随机相位的组合关系转化为优化问题的约束条件,然后通过该文提出的修正循环算法(MCAN)迭代求解,使得设计的恒模LFM噪声波形同时具有低旁瓣和高多普勒容忍性。最后,仿真结果表明该算法能够降低波形模糊函数的距离-多普勒2维旁瓣,对静止目标和运动目标均能够起到较好的效果,且保证了波形的低截获概率性能。  相似文献   

3.
一种频谱随机非连续雷达信号的处理方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
高频地波OTH雷达工作在电磁干扰严重的短波波段 ,采用非连续频谱信号可降低电磁干扰对雷达的影响 ,但频谱的非连续性会引起距离旁瓣的升高 ,回波信号的动态范围变小 ,这种旁瓣无法用传统频域加权方法消除 ,从而导致地波雷达在多目标环境下探测弱小目标的能力降低。文中从消除信号频谱的非连续性的角度 ,介绍了一种基于线性预测方法的频谱非连续高频雷达信号的处理方法 ,较好地实现了频域不连续信号距离速度二维处理。经过预测处理后所得到的输出波形的距离旁瓣电平达到 -2 7dB ,目标的距离旁瓣得到有效抑制 ,使雷达在多目标环境下检测弱小目标的能力大大提高。  相似文献   

4.
噪声调频连续波雷达由于发射信号无周期,具有理想的图钉型模糊函数,没有周期性距离模糊和速度模糊,从原理上非常适合在轨探测远距离的超高速空间目标。该文采用插值法建立了噪声调频连续波高速目标回波模型,提出噪声调频复合单频连续波雷达采用校正距离走动的“匹配参考信号”进行相参处理的方法,实现跨距离门积累从而提高距离主旁瓣比;针对多个目标的检测采用FFT-IFFT逐个“Clean”的办法,进一步提高检测目标动态范围。仿真结果表明所提出的方法是有效可行的。  相似文献   

5.
由于伪随机码的非正交相关特性,用m序列的伪随机码进行相位调制的脉冲压缩雷达会产生距离旁瓣。多目标情况下,距离旁瓣的影响不能忽略。分析发现这种距离旁瓣干扰可以作为系统性干扰对待通过扣除这种系统性干扰,可以完全消除距离旁瓣的干扰。  相似文献   

6.
距离旁瓣可能导致强目标掩盖弱目标以及大量虚假目标的出现,针对认知雷达旁瓣抑制问题,该文提出一种基于序列优化的方法。首先,将待测区域按距离单元进行划分,之后,基于最小均方误差准则,针对某距离单元进行发射-接收联合优化,所优化结果用于该距离单元散射点雷达截面积(RCS)的估计。上述过程在场景内各距离单元序贯进行,并将已获估计值用于后续距离单元距离旁瓣的抑制,各散射点RCS值依次以递归方式获得,并循环更新。所提方法构建了一个闭环系统,根据实时反馈的场景信息调整收发系统,提高雷达对环境的感知能力,从而改善旁瓣抑制性能,提高抗噪声稳健性。仿真结果验证了所提方法的有效性。  相似文献   

7.
《无线电工程》2020,(3):232-237
针对双基地噪声雷达直达波和近距离强杂波严重影响远距离微弱目标检测的问题,对直达波和杂波干扰抑制技术进行了研究。分析了LMS自适应时域干扰抑制算法在双基地噪声雷达中的直达波干扰抑制性能。针对雷达参考信号时域强相关情况下算法收敛速度过慢的问题,提出了基于格型预测的联合过程估计对消算法,通过对参考信号进行去相关处理,降低LMS类型算法输入相关矩阵的特征值散布,提高了收敛速度。通过仿真对干扰抑制算法进行了收敛过程分析和性能验证。  相似文献   

8.
采用标准匹配滤波器会使雷达的脉冲压缩处理在大目标附近的距离单元产生距离旁瓣,从而遮蔽附近的小目标.针对这种情况提出的基于最大输出信噪比准则(MSN)的自适应脉冲压缩实现了对旁瓣的自适应压缩.然而有些在役雷达系统不能在标准脉冲压缩之前获得接收信号,或者不能更换当前脉冲压缩系统,这种算法不再适用.基于迭代思想和最大输出信噪比准则提出的脉冲压缩修复处理,自适应地作用于匹配滤波后的输出信号,利用先验目标信息实现对距离旁瓣和噪声的抑制.在推导的算法原理基础上给出了实现步骤,并对算法的适用性进行了仿真,结果表明对单、多目标算法能够实现有效脉冲压缩,对于多普勒失配,性能有所下降,但仍远优于匹配滤波,提高了雷达对小目标的检测能力.  相似文献   

9.
QAM-OFDM(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)雷达通信共享信号因携带随机通信信息,其脉压旁瓣的随机性较大,类似噪声的影响。针对该问题,采用基于Keystone变换的长时间相参积累算法抑制其旁瓣。在共享信号模型的基础上,分析了其脉压旁瓣受随机通信信息的影响以及采用长时间相参积累抑制其旁瓣的可行性,然后采用Keystone变换校正其长时间相参积累产生的距离单元走动,并进行多普勒模糊补偿处理。理论分析和仿真结果表明,该方法使得回波能量积累集中,能有效实现共享信号脉压旁瓣的抑制。  相似文献   

10.
在窄带频分MIMO雷达系统中,由于接收机带宽受雷达系统的限制,而MIMO雷达发射频分的正交信号,所以子带信号带宽较小,从而导致信号时带积变小,因此信号具有较大的距离旁瓣。针对MIMO雷达信号旁瓣高的问题,提出了一种采用谱修正技术抑制MIMO雷达距离旁瓣的方法。将MIMO雷达回波信号经过波束形成和匹配滤波后的综合输出信号频谱进行谱修正处理,计算机仿真和对实测数据的处理证明,这种方法能有效地抑制MIMO雷达的距离旁瓣。  相似文献   

11.
Waveguide multilayer optical card (WMOC) is a novel storage device of three-dimensional optical information. An advanced readout system fitting for the WMOC is introduced in this paper. The hardware mainly consists of the light source for reading, WMOC, motorized stages addressing unit, microscope imaging unit, CCD detecting unit and PC controlling & processing unit. The movement of the precision motorized stage is controlled by the computer through Visual Basic (VB) language in software. A control panel is also designed to get the layer address and the page address through which the position of the motorized stages can be changed. The WMOC readout system is easy to manage and the readout result is directly displayed on computer monitor.  相似文献   

12.
IntroductionNanoimprint Lithography is a well-acknowl-edged low cost, high resolution, large area pattern-ing process. It includes the most promising methods,high-pressure hot embossing lithography (HEL) [2],UV-cured imprinting (UV-NIL) [3] and micro contactprinting (m-CP, MCP) [4]. Curing of the imprintedstructures is either done by subsequent UV-lightexposure in the case of UV-NIL or by cooling downbelow the glass transition temperature of the ther-moplastic material in case of HEL…  相似文献   

13.
The collinearly phase-matching condition of terahertz-wave generation via difference frequency mixed in GaAs and InP is theoretically studied. In collinear phase-matching, the optimum phase-matching wave hands of these two crystals are calculated. The optimum phase-matching wave bands in GaAs and lnP are 0.95-1.38μm and 0.7-0.96μm respectively. The influence of the wavelength choice of the pump wave on the coherent length in THz-wave tuning is also discussed. The influence of the temperature alteration on the phase-matching and the temperature tuning properties in GaAs crystal are calculated and analyzed. It can serve for the following experiments as a theoretical evidence and a reference as well.  相似文献   

14.
Composition dependence of bulk and surface phonon-polaritons in ternary mixed crystals are studied in the framework of the modified random-element-isodisplacement model and the Bom-Huang approximation. The numerical results for Several Ⅱ - Ⅵ and Ⅲ- Ⅴ compound systems are performed, and the polariton frequencies as functions of the compositions for ternary mixed crystals AlxGa1-xAs, GaPxAS1-x, ZnSxSe1-x, GaAsxSb1-x, GaxIn1-xP, and ZnxCd1-xS as examples are given and discussed. The results show that the dependence of the energies of two branches of bulk phonon-polaritons which have phonon-like characteristics, and surface phonon-polaritons on the compositions of ternary mixed crystals are nonlinear and different from those of the corresponding binary systems.  相似文献   

15.
A doping system consisting of NPB and PVK is employed as a composite hole transporting layer (CHTL). By adjusting the component ratio of the doping system, a series of devices with different concentration proportion of PVK : NPB are constracted. The result shows that doping concentration of NPB enhances the competence of hole transporting ability, and modifies the recombination region of charge as well as affects the surface morphology of doped film. Optimum device with a maximum brightness of 7852 cd/m^2 and a power efficiency of 1.75 lm/W has been obtained by choosing a concentration proportion of PVK : NPB at 1:3.  相似文献   

16.
An insert layer structure organic electroluminescent device(OLED) based on a new luminescent material (Zn(salen)) is fabricated. The configuration of the device is ITO/CuPc/NPD/Zn(salen)/Liq/LiF/A1/CuPc/NPD/Zn(salen)/Liq/LiF/A1. Effective insert electrode layers comprising LiF(1nm)/Al(5 nm) are used as a single semitransparent mirror, and bilayer cathode LiF(1 nm)/A1(100 nm) is used as a reflecting mirror. The two mirrors form a Fabry-Perot microcavity and two emissive units. The maximum brightness and luminous efficiency reach 674 cd/m^2 and 2.652 cd/A, respectively, which are 2.1 and 3.7 times higher than the conventional device, respectively. The superior brightness and luminous efficiency over conventional single-unit devices are attributed to microcavity effect.  相似文献   

17.
Due to variable symbol length of digital pulse interval modulation(DPIM), it is difficult to analyze the error performances of Turbo coded DPIM. To solve this problem, a fixed-length digital pulse interval modulation(FDPIM) method is provided. The FDPIM modulation structure is introduced. The packet error rates of uncoded FDPIM are analyzed and compared with that of DPIM. Bit error rates of Turbo coded FDPIM are simulated based on three kinds of analytical models under weak turbulence channel. The results show that packet error rate of uncoded FDPIM is inferior to that of uncoded DPIM. However, FDPIM is easy to be implemented and easy to be combined, with Turbo code for soft-decision because of its fixed length. Besides, the introduction of Turbo code in this modulation can decrease the average power about 10 dBm, which means that it can improve the error performance of the system effectively.  相似文献   

18.
It is a key problem to accurately calculate beam spots' center of measuring the warp by using a collimated laser. A new method, named double geometrical center method (DGCM), is put forward for the first time. In this method, a plane wave perpendicularly irradiates an aperture stop, and a charge couple device (CCD) is employed to receive the diffraction-beam spots, then the geometrical centers of the fast and the second diffraction-beam spots are calculated respectively, and their mean value is regarded as the center of datum beam. In face of such adverse instances as laser intension distributing defectively, part of the image being saturated, this method can still work well. What's more, this method can detect whether an unacceptable error exits in the courses of image receiving, processing and calculating. The experimental results indicate the precision of this method is high.  相似文献   

19.
From its emergence in the late 1980s as a lower cost alternative to early EEPROM technologies, flash memory has evolved to higher densities and speedsand rapidly growing acceptance in mobile applications.In the process, flash memory devices have placed increased test requirements on manufacturers. Today, as flash device test grows in importance in China, manufacturers face growing pressure for reduced cost-oftest, increased throughput and greater return on investment for test equipment. At the same time, the move to integrated flash packages for contactless smart card applications adds a significant further challenge to manufacturers seeking rapid, low-cost test.  相似文献   

20.
The parallel thinning algorithm with two subiterations is improved in this paper. By analyzing the notions of connected components and passes, a conclusion is drawn that the number of passes and the number of eight-connected components are equal. Then the expression of the number of eight-connected components is obtained which replaces the old one in the algorithm. And a reserving condition is proposed by experiments, which alleviates the excess deletion where a diagonal line and a beeline intersect. The experimental results demonstrate that the thinned curve is almost located in the middle of the original curve connectivelv with single pixel width and the processing speed is high.  相似文献   

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