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1.
New gel system for preparing mullite porous ceramics by gel-casting freeze-drying was proposed, using pectin as gel source and alumina and silica as raw materials. Directional channels were formed due to sublimation of water during freeze-drying and decomposition of pectin during high temperature sintering to prepare porous mullite ceramic membranes. Effects of solid content on the properties of mullite ceramics in terms of phase composition, microstructure, apparent porosity, bulk density, pore size distribution, compressive strength, thermal conductivity, pressure drop, and gas permeability were investigated. It was found that prepared porous mullite possessed high apparent porosity (56.04%–75.34%), low bulk density (.77–1.37 g/cm3), uniform pore size distribution, relatively high compressive strength (.61–3.03 MPa), low thermal conductivity (.224–.329 W/(m·K)), high gas permeability coefficient (1.11 × 10−10–4.73 × 10−11 m2), and gas permeance (2.18 × 10−2–9.32 × 10−3 mol⋅m−2⋅s−1⋅Pa−1). These properties make prepared lightweight mullite ceramic membranes promising for application in high temperature flue gas filtration. Proposed gel system is expected to provide a new route to prepare porous ceramics with high porosity and directional channels.  相似文献   

2.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(18):25918-25922
Porous alumina ceramics with alumina platelets was prepared by vapor-solid reaction sintering of AlOF mesophase gas by the reaction of HF and Al2O3. The effect of heating treatment temperatures on porosity, the formation of inter-locked platelets structure and compressive strength of porous alumina ceramics was determined by Archimedes' method, XRD, SEM and compressive tests. The results indicated that after heating at temperatures from 1300 °C to 1600 °C, the porosity of alumina ceramics decreased from 61.6% to 48.4%. Increasing the heating treatment temperature was beneficial to form inter-locked structure between alumina platelets. The maximum compressive strength of porous ceramics with porosity of 48.4% can reach 29.8 MPa heated at 1600 °C; this strength was attributed to the strong bonding between the alumina platelets.  相似文献   

3.
In this work, an attempt to produce cordierite ceramics from granite sludge waste, talc and alumina was performed by direct coagulation casting process. To optimize the conditions for cordierite formation, three mix-compositions were firstly prepared by processing the starting materials in different conditions. The first mix was prepared by firing the mix of granite sludge, talc and alumina up to 1300 °C while the second and third mixes were fabricated by firing alumina and talc at 1300 °C or 1350 °C, respectively, then the granite sludge was added. Both batches were fired at different temperatures. According to the percentage of formed cordierite, the third mix was selected to be solidified by direct coagulation casting method followed by sintering at different temperatures. The casted cordierite was examined by thermal analysis while the sintered bodies were tested for their physical, mechanical and electrical properties. The results indicated that the pre-heating of alumina and talc at 1350 °C (third mix) enhanced the formation of cordierite and some amounts of spinel. For the casted sintered specimens, the porosity was decreased with increasing the sintering temperature. Also, there was an increase in compressive strength for the samples sintered up to 1250 °C. The dielectric constant values were varied between 4.5 and 5.89 while the dielectric loss was varied between 2 × 10?3 and 7 × 10?3, at room temperature.  相似文献   

4.
The medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics were prepared by sparking plasma sintering at temperatures between 1400 and 1700°C. The effects of sintering temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics were investigated. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and energy dispersive spectrometer were used to confirm the formation of single-phase face-centered cubic (FCC) solid solution of the medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics prepared at a sintering temperature of 1600°C. It was found that the mechanical properties of the material were improved by solid solution strengthening during the formation of single-phase FCC solid solution, and the best overall performance of the medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics was achieved at 1600°C, when the hardness value was 22.3 ± 1.8 GPa, the fracture toughness was 5.7 ± 0.8 MPa·m1/2, the flexural strength was 605 ± 4 MPa, and the compressive strength was 1.84 GPa. Most importantly, the addition of TiC0.4 promoted the diffusion among the elements of the medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics, which contributed to the formation of single-phase FCC solid solution and significantly reduced the sintering temperature of the medium-entropy carbide (W,Ti,V)C0.8 ceramics due to the effect of vacancies. This study provides a new idea for the preparation of medium-entropy carbide ceramics.  相似文献   

5.
In this study, the effect of elevated temperatures on chemical composition, microstructure and mechanical properties of high strength mortars with nano alumina was investigated. Mortars with 1, 2 and 3% nano alumina as cement replacement were prepared and then exposed to 100 °C, 200 °C, 300 °C, 400 °C, 600 °C, 800 °C and 1000 °C. XRD, DSC and SEM tests were carried out to identify chemical composition and microstructure changes in the cement matrix after being exposed to elevated temperatures. Residual compressive strength, relative elastic modulus and gas permeability coefficient of samples were also obtained. A brittleness index was defined to monitor changes in brittleness of samples after being exposed to elevated temperatures. Nano alumina enhanced compressive strength of samples up to 16% and improved residual compressive strength. An increase in the relative elastic modulus, higher energy absorption and lower permeability were also observed when 1% nano alumina was added.  相似文献   

6.
《Ceramics International》2023,49(2):2394-2400
It is well known that aqueous gel-casting is challenging to prepare high-porosity ceramics due to the considerable drying shrinkage, cracking, and deformation of green bodies during drying caused by the high surface tension of water. Porous Y2SiO5 ceramics with high porosity were prepared by introducing carbon fibers as a support material in the drying process of aqueous gel-casting to reduce shrinkage during drying. Burning out the carbon fibers after drying does not negatively affect the properties of the porous ceramic. As prepared green bodies by aqueous gel-casting have low shrinkages of 8.69%–6.81% during drying processes and high compressive strength of 13.73 ± 1.55–10.66~0.49 MPa. The higher compressive strength of the green body has a positive significance for processing porous ceramics into special-shaped structures. As prepared porous Y2SiO5 ceramics have high porosity of 73.94%–87.71%, lightweights of 1.16–0.55 g?cm3, extremely low thermal conductivities of 0.134 ± 0.006 to 0.051 ± 0.001 W?m?1?k?1, relatively low dielectric constants of 2.34–1.58, and tan δ are lower than 1.25 × 10?3. Porous Y2SiO5 ceramics with excellent dielectric properties and thermal insulation properties meet the requirements of thermal insulation and wave transmission integration of radome materials. Aqueous gel-casting also enriches the preparation methods of high-porosity Y2SiO5 ceramics.  相似文献   

7.
A new protein foaming-consolidation method for preparing porous alumina was developed using egg yolk both as consolidating and foaming agent. This method allows the control of properties of porous alumina not only by varying alumina-to-yolk ratio but also by managing the foaming process. After drying, the green bodies were burned at 600 °C for 1 h to remove the pore creating agent, followed by sintering at 1,550 °C for 2 h. The porous alumina ceramics with pore sizes of 25–1,000 μm and relative density of 29–50% were obtained. The compressive strength of the sintered samples varied within the range of 1.1–5.7 MPa, corresponding to porosity of 40–71%. The addition of dispersant with different concentration into alumina slurries shifted the rheological properties from shear thinning behavior to a Newtonian fluid, which resulted in changes in the pore sizes of the resulting ceramics. The main advantages of the process are the simplicity of the process and the low-cost processing equipment/materials needed. These results have opened a novel preparative way for porous ceramics especially alumina-based porous materials designed for biomedical applications.  相似文献   

8.
Herein, alumina green bodies are fabricated by three dimensional (3D) printing technology, then, the influence of debinding holding time under vacuum and argon on mechanical properties is systematically investigated by comparing the changes in microstructure, bulk density, open porosity, grain connection situation and flexural strength of ceramics. The flexural strength of alumina ceramics acquired the maximum values of 26.4 ± 0.7 MPa and 25.1 ± 0.5 MPa after debinding under vacuum and argon for 120 min and 180 min, respectively. However, the alumina ceramics rendered the flexural strength of 19.4 ± 0.6 MPa and 9.5 ± 0.4 MPa under vacuum and argon without extended holding time, respectively. The relatively low mechanical properties can be mainly attributed to the weak interlayer binding force, which is caused by layer-by-layer forming mode during 3D printing process and anisotropic shrinkage during the sintering process. Moreover, the alumina ceramics exhibited moderate bulk density and open porosity of 2.4 g/cm3 and 42% after the sintering process, respectively, which are mainly influenced by the microstructural evolution of alumina ceramics during thermal treatment. Also, the diffusion of gases is achieved by curing of photosensitive resin and influenced by different holding times during debinding, affecting the mechanical properties of sintered ceramics. The mechanical properties of as-sintered ceramics are suitable for the utilization of ceramic cores in the manufacturing of hollow blades.  相似文献   

9.
《Ceramics International》2023,49(4):6479-6486
Thermal protection has always been an important issue in the energy, environment and aerospace fields. Porous ceramics produced by the particle-stabilized foaming method have become a competitive material for thermal protection because of their low density and low thermal conductivity. However, the study of porous ceramics for composite systems using particle-stabilized foaming method was relatively rare. Here, silica-alumina composite porous ceramics were prepared by particle-stabilized foaming method, which was achieved by tailoring the surface charges of silica and alumina through adjustment of the pH. Porous ceramics exhibited porosity as high as 97.49% and thermal conductivity (25 °C) as low as 0.063 W m?1 K?1. The compressive strength of porous ceramics sintered at 1500 °C with a solid content of 30 wt% could reach 0.765 MPa. Based on the light weight and excellent thermal insulation properties, the composite porous ceramic could be used as a potential thermal insulation material in the spacecraft industry.  相似文献   

10.
Porous SiC ceramics have been used in high temperature flue gas filtration fields because of their excellent properties such as high strength, high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and long service time. This work reports the porous SiOC-bonded SiC ceramics prepared at low temperature. The properties of porous SiC ceramics were first investigated with silicone resin content from 10 to 25 wt%, and then the effects of different pore-forming agent contents on the behaviors of porous SiC ceramics were discussed by adjusting poly (methyl methacrylate) PMMA microbeads from 5 to 20 wt%. The prepared porous SiC ceramics showed apparent porosity from 17.3% to 57.7%, compressive strength from 6 to 216 MPa, and Darcy permeability k1 ranging from 7.02 × 10−14 to 1.45 × 10−12 m2. The corrosion behavior of porous SiC ceramics was investigated in acidic and alkaline media. The porous SiC ceramics showed better corrosion resistance in acidic solutions.  相似文献   

11.
With coal gangue and high alumina refractory solid wastes as raw materials, needle-like mullite powder, with an average diameter of about 1 μm, was synthesized at 1300°C by using the conventional solid-state reaction method. Mullite ceramics were derived from the inexpensive needle-like powder. Phase composition was examined by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), while morphologies of the ceramics were observed by using scanning electron microscopy. The content and distribution of elements in the sintered samples were characterized with energy dispersive spectrometer and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Mechanical properties of the mullite ceramics were studied by using the three-point bending method. The aspect ratio of the needle-like mullite particles was up to 6. The mullite sample sintered at 1500°C for 3 hours had a density of 2.515 g·cm−3, which was slightly lower than the theoretical density. Maximum fracture toughness and bending strength of the mullite ceramics were 1.82 MPa·m1/2 and 71.76 MPa, respectively. This study realizes the resource utilization of gangue and high alumina refractory solid wastes, and the prepared mullite ceramics have good application prospect.  相似文献   

12.
In this work, the effects of porosity and different particle sizes of pore-forming agent on the mechanical properties of porous alumina ceramics have been reported. Different grades of porous alumina ceramics were developed using corn cob (CC) of different weight contents (5, 10, 15, and 20 wt%) and particle sizes (<63 µm, 63-125 µm and 125-250 µm) as the pore-forming agent. Experimental results showed that total porosity and pore cavity size of the porous alumina ceramics increased with rising addition of CC pore former. Total porosity increased with increasing particle size of CC with the Al2O3-<63CC5 sample exhibiting the lowest total porosity of 41.3 vol% while the highest total porosity of 68.1 vol% was exhibited by the Al2O3-125-250CC20. The particle size effect of CC on the mechanical properties revealed that diametral tensile strength and hardness of the porous alumina ceramics deteriorated with increasing particle size of CC pore former. The Al2O3-<63CC5 sample exhibited the highest diametral tensile strength and hardness of 25.1 MPa and 768.2 HV, respectively, while Al2O3-125-250CC20 exhibited the lowest values of 1.1 MPa and 35.9 HV. Overall, porous alumina ceramics with the smallest pore sizes under each particle size category exhibited superior mechanical properties in their respective categories.  相似文献   

13.
The pressure gradient and the static and the dynamic hold-up have been measured for a system consisting of a Fluid Cracking Catalyst (FCC) of 30–150 × 10−6 m diameter, trickling over a packed bed and with a gas streaming in countercurrent flow. The experiments were carried out at ambient conditions using a glass column of 25 × 10−3 m diameter. The packing material consisted of 8 × 8 × 3 mm ceramic Raschig rings, a mixture of 7 × 7 × 1 mm glass Raschig rings and 5 × 5 mm catalyst pellets and of stacked Kerapak ceramic mixing units of Sulzer, each unit 50 mm long and 25 mm in diameter. Four different gases have been tested. A correlation for the pressure gradient in the preloading region is derived based on the Ergun equation and taking into account the internal gas recirculation due to the solids trickles. The void fraction of the trickles is found to be independent of the physical properties of the gas phase. The behaviour of the GSTF-system in the preloading regime and the phenomena of loading and flooding are discussed. A correlation is given which relates the boundary between preloading and loading with the particle and gas properties and the solids flow rate.  相似文献   

14.
This work aims at studying the influence of thermal treatment on the microstructure, resistivity and technological properties of porous alumina ceramics prepared via starch consolidation casting (SCC) technique. Colloidal suspensions were prepared with three different contents of alumina solid loading (55, 60 and 65 mass%) and corn starch (3, 8 and 13 mass%). The sintered samples at 1400, 1500, 1600 and 1700 °C, show open porosity between 46 and 64%, depending on the starch content in the precursor suspensions and sintering temperature. The pore structures were analyzed by SEM. The effect of corn starch content on the apparent porosity, pore size distribution, linear shrinkage and electrical resistivity as well as cold crushing strength of the sintered porous alumina ceramics was also measured. These porous alumina ceramics are promising porous ceramic materials for using in a wide range of thermal, electrical and bioceramics applications as well as filters/membranes and gas burners, due to their excellent combination properties.  相似文献   

15.
Alumina-based ceramic cores are used to manufacture the internal structures of hollow alloy blades, requiring both high precision and moderate properties. In this work, zirconia is regarded as a promoter to improve the mechanical properties of sintered ceramic. The effect of zirconia content and particle size on the microstructure and mechanical properties of ceramics was evaluated. The results indicate that the flexural strength of sintered ceramics reached the maximum of 14.5 ± 0.5 MPa when 20 wt% micron-sized (10 μm) zirconia (agglomerate size, consistent with the alumina particle size) was added, and 26.5±2.5 MPa when 15 wt% 0.3 μm zirconia was added. Zirconia with submicron-sized (0.3 μm) particles effectively filled the pores between alumina particles, thus leading to the maximum flexural strength with a relatively low content. The corresponding sintered ceramics had a bulk density of 2.0 g/cm3 and open porosity of 59.6%.  相似文献   

16.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(13):18588-18595
The coal fly ash (CFA) produced from coal-fired power generation is classified as a common solid waste; thus, improving the recovery and utilization rate of CFA is highly desirable. In this study, a novel strategy using CFA and Al2O3 as raw materials, to prepare hierarchically porous ceramic composites that serve as potential candidates for future building materials is developed. In this process, the well-developed self-assembly method in which an anionic modifier is used to prepare hydrophobic powders that form an attractive oil/water network via electrostatic interactions, thereby yielding honeycomb-like structures. In order to explore the mechanism of preparation, five samples with different mixture ratios of alumina and CFA were prepared according to 1: 0, 2: 1, 1: 1, 1: 2, and 0: 1 (Alumina: CFA). Compared with the sample prepared with pure CFA, the as-prepared CFA/Al2O3 composite exhibited both superior porosity and high mechanical property. When the porosity is as high as 73 ± 0.17%, the compressive strength is as high as 80.9 ± 3.4mpa (alumina: CFA = 1:1). As the porosity decreases to 49.3 ± 0.7%, the compressive strength reaches 159.33 ± 36.89mpa (alumina: CFA = 1:2). Moreover, this work obtains the highest compressive strength-porosity related B-value in comparison to previously reported CFA-based composites and provides a new insight into the effective recycling of CFA and offers a novel approach to prepare CFA/Al2O3 composite with excellent overall mechanical properties.  相似文献   

17.
Different kinds of carbon nanomaterials, free carbon (Cfree), graphene, and N-containing graphene (NG), in single-source-precursors-derived SiCN ceramics, were in situ generated by modifying polysilazane with divinylbenzene, dopamine hydrochloride and melamine, respectively. Adjusting the carbon source brings phase structure and electromagnetic wave absorption (EMA) properties differences of SiCN/C ceramics. In situ Cfree enhances the EMA capacity of SiCN ceramics by improving their electrical conductivity of 9.2 × 10−4 S/cm. The electrical conductivity of SiCN ceramics with 2D graphene sheets balloons to 2.5 × 10−3 S/cm, causing poor impedance match thus leading to a worse EMA performance. In situ NG in SiCN ceramics has a low electrical conductivity of 5.6 × 10−8 S/cm, making for excellent impedance match. The corrugated NG boosts dielectric loss, interfacial, and dipole polarization. NG-SiCN nanocomposites possess an outstanding EMA performance with RLmin of −61.08 dB and effective absorption bandwidth of 4.05 GHz, which are ∼2.4 times lower and ∼4 times higher than those of SiCN, respectively.  相似文献   

18.
《Ceramics International》2023,49(15):24960-24971
Stereolithography based 3D printing provides an efficient pathway to fabricate alumina ceramics, and the exploration on the mechanical properties of 3D printed alumina ceramics is crucial to the development of 3D printing ceramic technology. However, alumina ceramics are difficult to sinter due to their high melting point. In this work, alumina ceramics were prepared via stereolithography based 3D printing technology, and the improvement in the mechanical properties was investigated based on the content, the type and the particle size of sintering aids (TiO2, CaCO3, and MgO). The flexural strength of the sintered ceramics increased greatly (from 139.2 MPa to 216.7 MPa) with the increase in TiO2 content (from 0.5 wt% to 1.5 wt%), while significant anisotropy in mechanical properties (216.7 MPa in X-Z plane and 121.0 MPa in X–Y plane) was observed for the ceramics with the addition of 1.5 wt TiO2. The shrinkage and flexural strength of the ceramics decreased with the increase in CaCO3 content due to the formation of elongated grains, which led to the formation of large-sized residual pores in the ceramics. The addition of MgO help decrease the anisotropic differences in shrinkage and flexural strength of the sintered ceramics due to the formation of regularly shaped grains. This work provides guidance on the adjustment in flexural strength, shrinkage, and anisotropic behavior of 3D printed alumina ceramics, and provides new methods for the fabrication of 3D printed alumina ceramics with superior mechanical properties.  相似文献   

19.
Porous SiC ceramic is considered as a suitable material for hot gas filtration, microfiltration, and many others industrial applications. However, full utilizations of porous SiC ceramics have been limited by high-processing costs. In this study, mullite-bonded porous SiC ceramics membranes were prepared using commercial SiC powder, alumina, clay, and different sacrificial pore formers. The effect of different pore formers on the microstructure, mechanical strength, porosity and pore size distribution, air, and water permeability of porous SiC ceramics were investigated. The average pore diameter, porosities, and flexural strength of the final ceramics varied in the range 3.7-6.5 µm, 38-50 vol. %, and 28-38 MPa, respectively, depending on the characteristics of pore former. The Darcian (k1) and non-Darcian (k2) permeability evaluated from air permeation behavior at room temperature was found to vary from 1.48 × 10−13 to 4.64 × 10−13 m2 and 1.46 × 10−8 to 6.51 × 10−8 m, respectively. All membranes showed high oil rejection rate (89%-93%) from feed wastewater with oil concentration of 1557 mg/L. The membrane with porosity ~48 vol% and mechanical strength 31.5 MPa showed and highest pure water permeability of 13 298 Lm−2h−1bar−1.  相似文献   

20.
Ceramic atomization cores are a new application of porous ceramics; however, the challenging regulation of the pore structures of porous ceramics has limited their application. To improve the low liquid absorption rates and low liquid storage capacity of porous ceramics in the field of atomization, this study used three substances, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), starch, and diatomaceous earth, to produce porous ceramics with a three-dimensional interconnected triple-porous structure by sacrificial templating. In the porous ceramics, large pores resulting from PMMA increase liquid storing capacity, medium pores resulting from the starch facilitate the transport of liquid, and small pores resulting from diatomaceous earth enhance capillary action, significantly increasing the rate of liquid absorption. By varying the PMMA contents and type of starch in the preform, water and oil storage capacities of up to 123% and 143%, respectively, can be achieved. We found that an optimized porous ceramic with dimensions of 15 mm × 15 mm × 15 mm absorbs water rapidly (reaching saturation in only 1.67 s), demonstrates good solid–liquid properties and shape stability, and is recyclable (requires drying before reuse). The proposed porous ceramics have promising atomization core and oil–water separation applications.  相似文献   

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