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1.
单步Q学习在火电占优、机组时延较大的A动发电控制(AGC)功率指令动态优化分配中的应用表现出收敛速度慢等不足而影响最优策略的获取.具有多步预见能力的多步回溯Q学习(Q(λ))显式利用资格迹进行高效回溯操作,能够有效解决火电机组大时滞环节带来的延时回报问题,算法平均收敛时间较Q学习缩短50%以上.算法奖励函数引入调节费用...  相似文献   

2.
由于可再生能源随机性、间歇性的特征和智能电网"即插即用"的要求,传统的集中式AGC控制方法面临诸多挑战,分布自治与集中协调已成为智能配电网的未来发展方向.为此,本文提出了一种基于等微增率的AGC机组一致性协同控制算法,解决了孤岛智能配电网的频率自治与协同控制问题;并提出了一种"虚拟一致性变量"的概念,用于解决AGC机组功率越限导致的拓扑变化问题和实现AGC机组的"即插即用";同时,在智能配电网发生负荷扰动的情况下,为保证所有机组在新的工况下仍能达到最优经济运行,建立了AGC功率分配与短期经济调度的协同目标.最后搭建了包含多种分布式电源及多个微网的智能配电网模型,仿真表明:与传统集中控制方法相比,一致性协同算法动态优化速度快,收敛鲁棒性强,能有效解决孤岛智能配电网的频率自治与协同控制问题.  相似文献   

3.
针对当前反无人系统无法有效压制无人机的问题,使用多种拦截装备构建一种新的反无人机方法.传统多目标优化算法无法解决动态的任务分配问题,对此,提出一种基于深度Q网络(DQN)的多类型拦截装备复合式反无人机任务分配模型. DQN模块对任务分配问题进行初期决策.为了提高算法收敛速度和学习效率,该方法未采用下一时刻的状态来预测Q值,而是采用当前时刻的状态来预测Q值,消除训练过程中Q值过估计的影响.之后采用进化算法对决策结果进行优化,输出多个拦截方案.以国内某机场跑道周围区域开阔地为防护对象,构建反无人机系统的任务分配仿真环境,仿真结果验证了所提出方法的有效性.同时,将DQN与Double DQN方法相比,所提出改进DQN算法训练的智能体表现更为精确,并且算法的收敛性和所求解的表现更为优异.所提出方法为反无人机问题提供了新的思路.  相似文献   

4.
数据仓库的评价模型研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
该文通过对数据仓库系统的评价指标体系的分层,获得评价体系的三维指标矩阵,并提出了一个数据仓库系统评价模型。利用改进的基于熵值的TOPSIS算法,优化指标权重。将距离法应用于DW的多目标决策,采用理想解和负理想解的相对接近度对数据仓库系统做出综合评价。  相似文献   

5.
在网络节点分配均衡优化中,需要依靠地理位置与能量开销等先验知识才能进行调度,但传统GEAR节点分配算法中,传感节点的有效性不强,降低了通信效率.在分析GEAR传感节点分配算法基础上,提出模糊强化Q学习的改进GEAR传感网络均衡算法.运用模糊神经网络对强化学习中的Q值进行逼近,把Q值与无线传感节点分配过程相结合,根据模糊Q值对传递节点进行选择.提高通信效率,通过仿真结果验证了改进方法的通信能量消耗曲线趋势要低于传统GEAR算法,能有效避开网络拥塞区域,通信效率得到了显著的提高.  相似文献   

6.
针对动态在线任务分配策略难以有效利用历史数据进行学习、同时未考虑当前决策对未来收益的影响的问题,提出基于深度强化学习的空间众包任务分配策略.首先,以最大化长期累积收益为优化目标,基于马尔科夫决策过程从单个众包工作者的角度建模,将任务分配问题转化为对状态动作价值Q的求解及工作者与任务的一对一分配.然后采用改进的深度强化学习算法对历史任务数据进行离线学习,构建关于Q值的预测模型.最后,动态在线分配过程中实时预测Q值,作为KM(Kuhn-Munkres)算法的边权,实现全局累积收益的最优分配.在出租车真实出行数据集上的实验表明,当工作者数量在一定规模内时,文中策略可提高长期累积收益.  相似文献   

7.
为提高分布式认知无线网络认知用户信道与功率分配算法的能量效率和收敛速度,将单位能量的平均比特数作为通信效率指标,平衡用户通信质量和系统能量消耗,提出一种基于多Agent协作强化学习的分布式信道与功率分配算法。在多Agent独立Q学习的基础上引入协作学习,各用户通过独立Q学习后,共享Q值并进行融合再学习。仿真结果表明,与基于能效的独立Q学习算法、独立Q学习算法以及随机功率分配算法相比,该算法能够有效提高认知用户发射功率和信道分配时的收敛速度。  相似文献   

8.
船舶概念设计阶段,需要初步给定多组船型参数方案并从中优选出客观合理的某一方案.以散货船为研究对象,建立了以船舶造价、单位排水量船体阻力、相对回转直径为目标的船舶概念设计优化数学模型;应用改进的非支配解排序的多目标进化算法求解船舶概念设计多目标问题以获得Pareto解集.分析了主观赋权和客观赋权的优劣,提出采用线性叠加在层次分析法、变异系数法这两种主观赋权和客观赋权方法间求取组合赋权向量,将组合向量与TOPSIS法结合对所求Pareto解集进行方案排序.优化决策结果表明,改进的非支配解排序的多目标进化算法DW=36000t散货船概念设计优化能获得多组综合性能优良的船型方案,基于线性叠加的组合赋权TOPSIS决策策略能给出客观、有效的方案序列.这种二阶段的综合方法也能推广应用于船舶优化与决策其他领域.  相似文献   

9.
移动Ad Hoc网络中基于能量优化的多路径速率分配算法研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
提出了一种移动 Ad Hoc 网络中以优化整体能量消耗为目标的多径速率分配算法,该算法分布地运行在各路由源节点,综合考虑路径间速率调整对路由内部和外部的功率影响,使用功率增量的方式对各路径的速率进行动态转移。仿真结果表明,在保证总传输速率以及服务质量(误码率)的前提下,该算法能使移动 Ad Hoc 网络路由的总能量消耗得到优化。  相似文献   

10.
动态多目标优化问题(Dynamic multi-objective optimization problems, DMOPs)的目标函数发生变化时,需要采取变化响应策略对种群进行重新初始化,以快速追踪新环境中的最优解集.现有动态多目标优化算法对不同个体、不同维度的决策变量缺乏针对性的变化响应,导致重新初始化效果尚存在较大改进空间.为此,提出一种对不同个体、不同维度的决策变量分别进行自适应变化响应的动态多目标进化算法(Dynamic multi-objective evolutionary algorithm with adaptive change response, DMOEA-ACR).该算法包括两个核心部分:1)对时间步最优种群和时间步最优种群中对应个体各维度决策变量之间的差异进行计算,自适应选择变异策略或预测策略重新初始化不同个体、不同维度的决策变量;2)在每轮迭代或重新初始化后,对非支配个体进行存档,基于存档中心构建预测策略.为验证DMOEA-ACR的有效性,在最新测试问题集SDP和DF上,将其与动态多目标优化领域的6种先进算法进行对比.实验结果表明, DMOEA-ACR在求...  相似文献   

11.
Abstract This paper describes an approach to the design of interactive multimedia materials being developed in a European Community project. The developmental process is seen as a dialogue between technologists and teachers. This dialogue is often problematic because of the differences in training, experience and culture between them. Conditions needed for fruitful dialogue are described and the generic model for learning design used in the project is explained.  相似文献   

12.
Development of software intensive systems (systems) in practice involves a series of self-contained phases for the lifecycle of a system. Semantic and temporal gaps, which occur among phases and among developer disciplines within and across phases, hinder the ongoing development of a system because of the interdependencies among phases and among disciplines. Such gaps are magnified among systems that are developed at different times by different development teams, which may limit reuse of artifacts of systems development and interoperability among the systems. This article discusses such gaps and a systems development process for avoiding them.  相似文献   

13.
This paper presents control charts models and the necessary simulation software for the location of economic values of the control parameters. The simulation program is written in FORTRAN, requires only 10K of main storage, and can run on most mini and micro computers. Two models are presented - one describes the process when it is operating at full capacity and the other when the process is operating under capacity. The models allow the product quality to deteriorate to a further level before an existing out-of-control state is detected, and they can also be used in situations where no prior knowledge exists of the out-of-control causes and the resulting proportion defectives.  相似文献   

14.
Going through a few examples of robot artists who are recognized worldwide, we try to analyze the deepest meaning of what is called “robot art” and the related art field definition. We also try to highlight its well-marked borders, such as kinetic sculptures, kinetic art, cyber art, and cyberpunk. A brief excursion into the importance of the context, the message, and its semiotics is also provided, case by case, together with a few hints on the history of this discipline in the light of an artistic perspective. Therefore, the aim of this article is to try to summarize the main characteristics that might classify robot art as a unique and innovative discipline, and to track down some of the principles by which a robotic artifact can or cannot be considered an art piece in terms of social, cultural, and strictly artistic interest. This work was presented in part at the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, Oita, Japan, January 31–February 2, 2008  相似文献   

15.
正The 34th Chinese Control Conference and SICE Annual Conference 2015(CCCSICE2015)is organized by the Technical Committee on Control Theory(TCCT)of Chinese Association of Automation(CAA)and the Society of Instrument and Control Engineers(SICE)of Japan,and locally organized by Hangzhou Dianzi University(HDU).  相似文献   

16.
该文利用DF与CHI统计量相结合的特征选取方法,针对互联网上对外汉语相关领域的网页进行特征提取,并在此基础上,构建了基于标题与正文相结合的两步式主题相关度判定分类器。基于该分类器做对外汉语相关主题的网页爬取工作,实验表明,效率和召回率比传统分类器都有较大程度的提高,目前该分类器已经用于为大型对外汉语语料库构建提供数据源。  相似文献   

17.
《计算机科学》2007,34(4):148-148
Recent years have seen rapid advances in various grid-related technologies, middleware, and applications. The GCC conference has become one of the largest scientific events worldwide in grid and cooperative computing. The 6th international conference on grid and cooperative computing (GCC2007) Sponsored by China Computer Federation (CCF),Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICT) and Xinjiang University ,and in Cooperation with IEEE Computer Soceity ,is to be held from August 16 to 18, 2007 in Urumchi, Xinjiang, China.  相似文献   

18.
Abstract This article presents a study of a large scale incorporation of one data acquisitionsystem into physics teaching in Israel. By 1994 about 30% of the schools throughout the country used the V-scope, a 3-D multibody motion tracing system, in their lab programme. The views and reactions of post-training teachers, experienced teachers and students on various aspects of using the system are described, analysed and compared.  相似文献   

19.
针对风力发电系统处于欠功率阶段时,风能利用系数须保持在最大值的问题,以欠功率阶段的最大风能追踪为研究重点,对风力机捕获风能的过程进行理论分析,提出了一种基于蚁群算法自整定PID的最大风能追踪控制策略,利用蚁群算法的全局优化能力优化PID的3个参数,给出了该算法的基本思想以及具体实现步骤,设计了蚁群算法自整定PID控制器,搭建了系统仿真图,并对其进行相应的仿真分析;仿真结果表明,与传统的PID控制策略相比,该控制策略使控制系统具有良好的动态响应能力,提高了风电系统的控制精度、风能利用率、输出功率,实现了机组的优化运行.  相似文献   

20.
Abstract This paper reports on the graphing work of children, aged 8 and 9 years, who have immediate and continuous access to portable computers across the whole curriculum. They have been using their computers to generate graphs and charts from experimental data. The unit of analysis is a learning sequence in which the progress of a small group of children on a specific coherent task was recorded over a period of several weeks. The paper describes two such learning sequences to illustrate two types of graphing, which can occur in computer-rich environments. In one sequence, the children collected data after which they explored the graphing facilities on the computer whereas in the other learning sequence graphing is used iteratively as an integral part of the ongoing task.  相似文献   

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