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1.
为解决人脸关键点定位受到姿态,光线,表情以及遮盖问题的影响而使得定位效果可靠性不佳的问题,提出了一种基于并行卷积神经网络的人脸关键点定位方法。文中利用卷积神经网络对局部细节特征提取以及深度学习特点,设计实现了一种并行卷积神经网络,该网络把人脸图像,上半人脸以及下半人脸分别送入到相同结构的卷积网络进行训练学习,通过对图像进行局部卷积以及下采样,提取人脸关键点附近的细节特征,并对三级并行网络定位结果进行加权合成,实现人脸特征点定位。在LWF人脸库上定位实验结果表明该方法在准确性以及可靠性都得到很大程度提升,能实现对人脸关键点的鲁棒准确估计。  相似文献   

2.
为了在嵌入式和移动设备上实现高精度的实时人脸识别,对常见的网络在人脸识别方面的优缺点进行了分析,提出了一种高效的深度卷积神经网络模型Lightfacenet。在网络中结合深度可分离卷积、逐点卷积、瓶颈结构和挤压与激励结构提出了轻量化神经网络单元,使网络在保证有一定准确率的情况下有效地解决深层的神经网络带来的参数冗余和计算量大的问题,再通过改进的非线性激活函数进一步提高网络的准确性。该神经网络在保留卷积神经网络部分优点的同时也很好地平衡了网络的缺点。在同样的实验环境下,Lightfacenet网络既实现了非常高的识别精度,也在模型推理速度上达到实时的效果。在使用MS-Celeb-1M数据集训练后,该模型在LFW数据集上达到了99.50%的准确率,其效果已经可以与现在的大型卷积神经网络媲美。对于面部识别,Lightfacenet比目前最先进的移动卷积神经网络在保证准确率的情况下提高了效率。  相似文献   

3.
构建卷积神经网络要耗费大量的人力资源,且训练过程中需要消耗大量的算力资源.利用空洞卷积代替卷积神经网络中的池化操作,能有效增加感受野,降低运算复杂度,但是空洞卷积会带来空间层次和信息连续性的丢失.本文提出了一种并行不对称空洞卷积模块,该模块能够补全空洞卷积所丢失的信息,可以嵌入到现有的卷积神经网络中,代替3×3卷积进行网络训练,从而加速网络的收敛,提高网络的性能.实验结果表明,利用本文所提出的并行不对称空洞卷积模块,可以显著提高不同网络在CIFAR-10等数据集上的分类效果.  相似文献   

4.
《微型机与应用》2020,(3):56-61
卷积神经网络(Convolutional neural network,CNN)具有非比寻常的从样本中学习特征的能力,训练需要大量带有标签的图像样本。因此,在使用卷积神经网络对地基云图相关研究时,建立云图样本库是第一步,也是非常重要的一步。首先,通过数码相机直接拍摄、从互联网上下载、从公开发行的云图类书籍获取以及由全天空照相机拍摄等手段获取三个云图样本库;接着,对三个样本库图像的分辨率、噪声、数量等问题进行了分析;然后,采用双线性插值和数据增强方法对样本库进行归一化预处理;最后,利用卷积神经网络、LBP、Heinle feature和Texton-based method三种方法对增强后的数据集进行云识别分类验证,实验结果表明,利用本文方法进行增强数据可有效解决卷积神经网络对小样本数据识别率不高以及不能完整进行网络运行的问题,为卷积神经网络在地基云图识别的应用奠定基础。  相似文献   

5.
场端定位指在一定的空间范围内,在场端设施的相互协同下,完成对终端设备的一种特殊定位,可以通过快速移动部署提供精细网格化位置服务。针对终端设备定位精度需求高的实际问题,结合某车企仓储环境下的物流车场端定位需求,开展5G蜂窝网络与惯性测量单元结合的高精度数据融合的研究。通过5G网络所产生的数据与惯性测量单元自带的加速度计与陀螺仪等信息融合进行定位,结合5G信号抗干扰能力强以及惯性测量单元成本较低的优势,使用惯性测量单元的信息将5G数据进行位置修正并在地图上展示。在5G网络覆盖的区域内实现定位且误差在0.5 m以内,波动范围稳定在0.2 m以内。  相似文献   

6.
基于深度卷积神经网络的图像检索算法研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
为解决卷积神经网络在提取图像特征时所造成的特征信息损失,提高图像检索的准确率,提出了一种基于改进卷积神经网络LeNet-L的图像检索算法。首先,改进LeNet-5卷积神经网络结构,增加网络结构深度。然后,对深度卷积神经网络模型LeNet-L进行预训练,得到训练好的网络模型,进而提取出图像高层语义特征。最后,通过距离函数比较待检图像与图像库的相似度,得出相似图像。在Corel数据集上,与原模型以及传统的SVM主动学习图像检索方法相比,该图像检索方法有较高的准确性。经实验结果表明,改进后的卷积神经网络具有更好的检索效果。  相似文献   

7.
RF室内定位指纹库空间相关生成算法   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
基于定位指纹库的模式识别算法是目前基于网络结构(如WLAN)定位技术研究的热点。该技术的关键是根据不同AP(Access Point,AP)的RSSI值建立有效的定位指纹数据库。传统的方法只是直接在定位区域采集样本,不考虑RSSI的空间相关特性,导致离线训练阶段工作量较大。利用RSSI的空间相关特性,提出了通过对传神经网络空间插值建立定位指纹数据库的方法。实验结果表明该方法不但提高了定位精度,而且节省了训练时间,是一种高效的、易于实现的定位指纹数据库生成方法。  相似文献   

8.
数字识别所依靠的经典网络模型主要为BP神经网络和卷积神经网络。相比较,卷积神经网络的识别效果更好,更适合处理图像识别问题。目前,卷积神经网络多为软件实现,而硬件有着并行性与速度快的优点。因此,意图以硬件描述语言(Verilog)实现卷积神经网络,在保证在高识别率的情况下,充分挖掘硬件实现的优点。通过研究网络的工作原理及结构,构造完整电路模型,给出了现场可编程门阵列(Field-Programmable Gate Array,FPGA)的实现方案。卷积神经网络通过反向传播训练MNIST数据库中60?000幅数字样本图片,提取准确率最高的权重与偏置,再进行网络的前向传播,完成数字识别。完整过程借助ModelSim和Quartus II仿真工具实现。仿真结果表明,全部样本在100?MHz时钟下训练耗时50?ms,相较软件实现而言,速度明显提高,满足硬件设计的实时性,且准确率较高,可达95.4%。该研究为应用于嵌入式设备的图像识别提供了方法和策略,具有实际应用价值。  相似文献   

9.
针对传统级联卷积神经网络(CNN)在左心室超声图像中定位准确度较低的问题,提出一种融合更快速区域卷积神经网络(Faster-RCNN)模型提取区域的级联卷积神经网络,实现对超声图像中左心室心内膜和心外膜轮廓特征点的定位。首先,采用两级级联的方式改进传统级联卷积神经网络的网络结构,第一级网络利用一个改进的卷积网络粗略定位左心室心内膜和心外膜联合的特征点,第二级网络使用四个改进的卷积网络分别对心内膜特征点和心外膜特征点进行位置微调,之后定位输出左心室心内膜和心外膜联合的轮廓特征点位置;然后,将改进的级联卷积神经网络与目标区域提取融合,即利用Faster-RCNN模型提取包含左心室的目标区域并将目标区域送入改进的级联卷积神经网络;最后,由粗到细对左心室轮廓特征点进行定位。实验结果表明,与传统级联卷积神经网络相比,所提方法在左心室超声图像上的定位效果更好,更逼近真实值,在均方根误差的评价标准下,特征点定位准确度提升了32.6个百分点。  相似文献   

10.
针对已有的卷积神经网络(Convolutional Neural Network,CNN)在人脸识别训练中出现过拟合、收敛速度慢以及识别准确率不高的问题,提出了新型的LeNet-FC卷积神经网络模型。通过增加网络层、缩小卷积核等结构改进以及采用优化的对数-修正线性单元(Logarithmic Rectified Linear Unit,L_ReLU)激活函数,该模型在人脸识别训练的准确率达到了99.85%。同时基于LeNet-FC卷积神经网络模型设计了一个人脸识别系统。该系统在ORL人脸库的仿真测试实验中识别准确率达到了96%。  相似文献   

11.
European Community policy and the market   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Abstract This paper starts with some reflections on the policy considerations and priorities which are shaping European Commission (EC) research programmes. Then it attempts to position the current projects which seek to capitalise on information and communications technologies for learning in relation to these priorities and the apparent realities of the marketplace. It concludes that while there are grounds to be optimistic about the contribution EC programmes can make to the efficiency and standard of education and training, they are still too technology driven.  相似文献   

12.
融合集成方法已经广泛应用在模式识别领域,然而一些基分类器实时性能稳定性较差,导致多分类器融合性能差,针对上述问题本文提出了一种新的基于多分类器的子融合集成分类器系统。该方法考虑在度量层融合层次之上通过对各类基多分类器进行动态选择,票数最多的类别作为融合系统中对特征向量识别的类别,构成一种新的自适应子融合集成分类器方法。实验表明,该方法比传统的分类器以及分类融合方法识别准确率明显更高,具有更好的鲁棒性。  相似文献   

13.
为了设计一种具有低成本、低功耗、易操作、功能强且可靠性高的煤矿井下安全分站,针对煤矿安全生产实际,文章提出了采用MCS-51系列单片机为核心、具有CAN总线通信接口的煤矿井下安全监控分站的设计方案;首先给出煤矿井下安全监控分站的整体构架设计,然后着重阐述模拟量输入信号处理系统的设计过程,最后说明单片机最小系统及其键盘、显示、报警、通信等各个组成部分的设计;为验证设计方案的可行性与有效性,使用Proteus软件对设计内容进行仿真验证,设计的煤矿井下安全监控分站具有瓦斯、温度等模拟量参数超标报警功能和电机开停、风门开闭等开关量指示功能;仿真结果表明:设计的煤矿井下安全监控分站具有一定的实际应用价值.  相似文献   

14.
Although there are many arguments that logic is an appropriate tool for artificial intelligence, there has been a perceived problem with the monotonicity of classical logic. This paper elaborates on the idea that reasoning should be viewed as theory formation where logic tells us the consequences of our assumptions. The two activities of predicting what is expected to be true and explaining observations are considered in a simple theory formation framework. Properties of each activity are discussed, along with a number of proposals as to what should be predicted or accepted as reasonable explanations. An architecture is proposed to combine explanation and prediction into one coherent framework. Algorithms used to implement the system as well as examples from a running implementation are given.  相似文献   

15.
In modern service-oriented architectures, database access is done by a special type of services, the so-called data access services (DAS). Though, particularly in data-intensive applications, using and developing DAS are very common today, the link between the DAS and their implementation, e.g. a layer of data access objects (DAOs) encapsulating the database queries, still is not sufficiently elaborated, yet. As a result, as the number of DAS grows, finding the desired DAS for reuse and/or associated documentation can become an impossible task. In this paper we focus on bridging this gap between the DAS and their implementation by presenting a view-based, model-driven data access architecture (VMDA) managing models of the DAS, DAOs and database queries in a queryable manner. Our models support tailored views of different stakeholders and are scalable with all types of DAS implementations. In this paper we show that our view-based and model driven architecture approach can enhance software development productivity and maintainability by improving DAS documentation. Moreover, our VMDA opens a wide range of applications such as evaluating DAS usage for DAS performance optimization. Furthermore, we provide tool support and illustrate the applicability of our VMDA in a large-scale case study. Finally, we quantitatively prove that our approach performs with acceptable response times.  相似文献   

16.
《Information & Management》2016,53(6):787-802
Discrepant technological events or situations that entail a problem, a misunderstanding or a difficulty with the Information Technology (IT) being employed, are common in the workplace, and can lead to frustration and avoidance behaviors. Little is known, however, about how individuals cope with these events. This paper examines these events by using a multi-method pragmatic approach informed by coping theory. The results of two studies – a critical incident study and an experiment – serve to build and test, respectively, a theoretical model that posits that individuals use a variety of strategies when dealing with these events: they experience negative emotions, make external attributions, and adopt engagement coping strategies directed at solving the event, eventually switching to a disengagement coping strategy when they feel they have no control over the situation. Furthermore, users’ efforts may result in ‘accidental’ learning as they try to overcome the discrepant IT events through engagement coping. The paper ends with a discussion of the results in light of existing literature, future opportunities for research, and implications for practice.  相似文献   

17.
This paper provides the author's personal views and perspectives on software process improvement. Starting with his first work on technology assessment in IBM over 20 years ago, Watts Humphrey describes the process improvement work he has been directly involved in. This includes the development of the early process assessment methods, the original design of the CMM, and the introduction of the Personal Software Process (PSP)SM and Team Software Process (TSP){SM}. In addition to describing the original motivation for this work, the author also reviews many of the problems he and his associates encountered and why they solved them the way they did. He also comments on the outstanding issues and likely directions for future work. Finally, this work has built on the experiences and contributions of many people. Mr. Humphrey only describes work that he was personally involved in and he names many of the key contributors. However, so many people have been involved in this work that a full list of the important participants would be impractical.  相似文献   

18.
Kim  K. H. 《Real-Time Systems》2004,26(1):9-28
Distributed real-time simulation is a young technology field but its practice is under increasing demands. In recent years the author and his collaborators have been establishing a new approach called the distributed time-triggered simulation (DTS) scheme which is conceptually simple and easy to use but widely applicable. The concept was initiated in the course of developing a new-generation object-oriented real-time programming scheme called the time-triggered message-triggered object (TMO) programming scheme. Some fundamental issues inherent in distributed real-time simulation that were learned during recent experimental studies are discussed along with some approaches for resolving the issues. An execution engine developed to support both the TMOs engaged in control computation and the TMOs engaged in DTS is also discussed along with its possible extensions that will enable significantly larger-scale DTSs.  相似文献   

19.
Zusammenfassung Mit zunehmender Größe der Softwaresysteme verschärfen sich die für die Software-Herstellung typischen Probleme: Beherrschen großer Objektmengen, Erhalten der Systemkonsistenz, Kontrolle der ständigen Änderungseinflüsse und Gewährleisten einer langen Lebensdauer. Die Disziplin Konfigurationsmanagement bildet den methodischen Ansatz, diese Probleme besser zu beherrschen. Software-Konfigurationsmanagement faßt die Herstellung von Softwaresystemen als eine Abfolge von kontrollierten Änderungen an gesicherten Zwischen- und Endergebnissen auf. Dargestellt werden die Objekte und Funktionen des Software-Konfigurationsmanagements sowie die hierfür in großen Software-Projekten benötigten Methoden, Instanzen und Hilfsmittel.  相似文献   

20.
基于复小波噪声方差显著修正的SAR图像去噪   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
提出了一种基于复小波域统计建模与噪声方差估计显著性修正相结合的合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,SAR)图像斑点噪声滤波方法。该方法首先通过对数变换将乘性噪声模型转化为加性噪声模型,然后对变换后的图像进行双树复小波变换(Dualtree Complex Wavelet Transform,DCWT),并对复数小波系数的统计分布进行建模。在此先验分布的基础上,通过运用贝叶斯估计方法从含噪系数中恢复原始系数,达到滤除噪声的目的。实验结果表明该方法在去除噪声的同时保留了图像的细节信息,取得了很好的降噪效果。  相似文献   

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