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1.
为了研究锻造对4Cr5W2VSi热锻模具钢高温性能的影响,采用不同工艺对4Cr5W2VSi热锻模具钢进行了锻造试验,并与未锻造试验钢进行了显微组织、高温磨损性能和高温抗氧化性能的测试与对比分析。结果表明:锻造显著细化了试验钢材的显微组织,提高了试验钢材的高温磨损性能和高温抗氧化性能。随着始锻温度从1050℃增大至1150℃,试验钢材的高温磨损体积和高温氧化速率均先减小后增大,高温磨损性能和高温抗氧化性能均先提高后下降。与未锻造试验钢相比,在始锻温度为1100℃、终锻温度为900℃、锻造比为5的工艺参数下,试验钢材高温磨损体积改善比率达46%、高温氧化速率改善比率达67%,试验钢材获得了优异的高温磨损性能和高温抗氧化性能。  相似文献   

2.
通过腐蚀磨损实验研究了下贝氏体球墨铸铁材料的腐蚀磨粒磨损行为,分析了影响腐蚀磨损失重率的主要因素.采用SEM和TEM对磨损表面特性进行了分析,根据磨损表层纵剖面的显微硬度研究了材料表层在腐蚀磨损过程中的形变硬化效应,结合下贝氏体球墨铸铁的电化学行为研究了载荷对耐腐蚀性能的影响.结果表明,下贝氏体球墨铸铁的腐蚀磨损机理为化学腐蚀失重和犁沟式磨粒磨损.载荷的提高对表面粗糙度、材料表面与磨粒之间的摩擦力以及磨粒压入材料表面的深度有显著的影响,从而导致磨粒磨损失重率显著上升.较高的载荷作用下,材料表面出现分层组织和条带状石墨,形成局部微型原电池,促使腐蚀速率提高,同时分层组织的疲劳断裂也将促使失重率进一步提升.载荷的增加使得基体中残留奥氏体内部出现大量位错的缠结,促进材料表面硬化,在一定程度上提高了材料的耐磨性能.当载荷从10 N增至200 N时,腐蚀磨损失重率从0.16 g/(cm2·h)增至0.42 g/(cm2·h).当粗糙度Ra由0.12μm增大到5.20μm时,腐蚀电流密度从0.56 m A/cm2上升至5.62 m A/cm2.下贝氏体球墨铸铁的腐蚀磨损失重曲线可分为3个阶段,分别为磨损初期的点接触加速磨损阶段、磨损中期的面接触过渡磨损阶段、磨损后期的疲劳磨损阶段.  相似文献   

3.
采用75SiFe孕育与REMg变质处理金属型铸造高Ni-Cr铸铁,研究了微观组织对高Ni-Cr铸铁热疲劳和热磨损性能的影响,结果表明:(1)550℃的高温磨损试验中,75SiFe孕育、REMg变质高Ni-Cr铸铁的磨损失重量随载荷的增大呈线性增长,在载荷相同的条件下,REMg变质试样的磨损失重小于75SiFe孕育试样,表现出较好的抗高温磨损性能,高Ni-Cr铸铁的高温磨损机制为氧化粘着磨损和接触疲劳磨损。(2)75SiFe孕育试样热裂纹垂直长度为15.49 mm,优于REMg变质试样热裂纹垂直长度17.69 mm,抗热裂性能较好。75SiFe孕育试样热裂纹在片状石墨尖端处基体组织内萌发,沿奥氏体和莱氏体界面扩展;REMg变质试样热裂纹在碳化物内萌生,并在碳化物内传播,造成碳化物破碎。  相似文献   

4.
磁控溅射镀钛提高 AZ31 镁合金耐磨耐蚀性能的研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
目的提高AZ31镁合金的耐磨及耐腐蚀性能。方法采用磁控溅射技术对镁合金进行表面镀钛处理,用扫描电镜研究膜基界面形貌及界面成分,分析结合性能。通过摩擦磨损试验,对比分析镁合金基体和镀Ti膜样品的耐磨性能;通过Tafel极化曲线,对比分析镁合金基体和镀Ti膜样品的耐蚀性能。结果 Ti膜均匀致密,与镁合金基体结合良好。镁合金镀Ti膜后,摩擦系数和磨损失重率下降,腐蚀电位向正方向移动了430 m V,腐蚀电流密度从10.83 m A/cm2下降到2.62×10-7m A/cm2。结论磁控溅射镀Ti膜提高了AZ31镁合金的耐磨和耐蚀性能。  相似文献   

5.
本文介绍了AZ31镁合金镀Ti/TiN双层膜工艺,分析了膜层形貌,并对AZ31与镀膜样品进行了摩擦磨损和腐蚀试验。结果表明:在摩擦磨损试验中,AZ31的平均摩擦系数是0.3066,磨损失重率为0.25‰;而镀Ti/TiN膜的AZ31的平均摩擦系数仅为0.1849,磨损失重率仅为0.08‰,说明镀Ti/TiN膜的AZ31获得优良的耐磨性能。在动力学扫描极化试验中,镀Ti/TiN膜的AZ31的腐蚀电位是-20 mV,腐蚀电流是4.26×10-6mA/cm2,腐蚀速率是1.97×10-2mm/a;而AZ31的腐蚀电位是-250 mV,腐蚀电流是10.8257 mA/cm2,腐蚀速率是499.4435 mm/a,腐蚀电位向正方向转移230 mV,腐蚀电流、腐蚀速率极大减少。AZ31镁合金镀Ti/TiN膜极大地提高了镁合金的耐腐蚀性能。  相似文献   

6.
采用不同热处理工艺(热处理温度、热处理时间和冷却方式)对含镁铝新型建筑结构材料进行了热处理,并进行了电化学腐蚀试验。结果表明:在热处理时间4h时,随热处理温度从600℃升高至800℃或在热处理温度675℃时,热处理时间从2h延长至5h,材料的耐腐蚀性能均先提高后下降。在热处理时间4h时,675℃热处理比600℃热处理的腐蚀电位正移116mV、腐蚀电流密度减小56%;在热处理温度675℃时,4h热处理比2h热处理的腐蚀电位正移81mV、腐蚀电流密度减小41%;在热处理675℃×4h时,炉冷比水冷的腐蚀电位正移157mV、腐蚀电流密度减小50%。  相似文献   

7.
目的通过在生产废水中加入缓蚀剂,减少废水中氯离子的腐蚀性能,使其成为生产中的冷却水,实现节能环保。方法采用失重法,研究废水温度对Q235钢腐蚀速率的影响,确定废水的腐蚀温度。研究L-抗坏血酸和L-半胱氨酸在废水中的最佳用量,制备成复配缓蚀剂,研究复配缓蚀剂膜形成的最佳时间。用塔菲尔曲线、阳极极化曲线及交流阻抗法,研究存在与不存在复配缓蚀剂膜的Q235钢的自腐蚀电流密度、极化腐蚀电流密度和极化阻抗。用SEM研究复配缓蚀剂膜腐蚀前后的形貌变化。结果在60℃的生产废水中,L-抗坏血酸的最佳用量为165 mg/L,L-半胱氨酸的最佳用量为18 mg/L,复配缓蚀剂膜的形成时间为24h。无缓蚀剂膜时,Q235钢的自腐蚀电流密度为4.918×10-5 A/cm~2;在500 m V过电位下,极化腐蚀电流密度为1.667×10-2 A/cm~2,极化阻抗为529?×cm~2。形成复配缓蚀剂膜的Q235钢片的自腐蚀电流密度为3.433×10-7 A/cm~2,极化腐蚀电流密度为4.132×10-6 A/cm~2,极化阻抗很大。复配缓蚀剂的缓蚀率为80.15%,明显高于单一缓蚀剂。SEM测试表明,在过电位为500 m V时,无缓蚀剂膜的Q235钢腐蚀十分严重,有复配缓蚀剂膜的Q235钢几乎不腐蚀。结论在PVC热稳定剂生产废水中加入适量的缓蚀剂,具有较好的缓蚀性能,基本满足作为冷却水的要求。  相似文献   

8.
中碳调质钢激光热处理耐蚀性研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用5 kW横流CO_2激光器对40Cr钢表面进行大面积的激光相变硬化;用失重法和电化学方法测试材料激光相变硬化后的耐蚀性.结果表明,在搭接率为20%的条件下,调质态的40Cr激光相变硬化后腐蚀电流密度为110.4μA,耐蚀性较母材提高了30%,而正火态的40Cr激光相变硬化后腐蚀电流密度为293.9 μA,耐蚀性能大幅度下降.  相似文献   

9.
刘峥  林红  陈峥 《热加工工艺》2016,(4):117-119,122
以碳化钨硬质合金棒为电极材料,对4Cr5Mo Si V热作模具进行了电火花涂层制备,并对涂层进行了SEM和XRD分析以及磨损试验、热疲劳试验和高温氧化试验。结果表明,电火花涂层致密、无明显微裂纹,主要由Fe3W3C、(Cr Fe)7C3和W2C组成。与未制备涂层的4Cr5MoSiV热作模具相比,明显提高模具的耐磨损性能、抗热疲劳性能和抗高温氧化性能,制备电火花涂层的模具在25℃的磨损体积减少85.06%,在500℃的磨损体积减少88.44%,高温氧化后的单位面积质量增加减少96.56%,热疲劳裂纹级别从10级变为3级。  相似文献   

10.
研究了钽(Ta)离子注入对GZ51K生物镁合金力学性能和耐蚀性的影响,通过扫描电镜、纳米压痕、摩擦磨损试验和电化学试验对镁合金形貌及性能进行了分析。结果表明:适当剂量的Ta离子注入能有效改善GZ51K镁合金表面的力学性能和耐蚀性能。随注入剂量的增加,其硬度不断升高,而摩擦系数和腐蚀电流密度先下降后上升。当注入剂量为2×1016ions/cm2时,其摩擦系数与腐蚀电流密度降到最低,与基体相比,分别下降了约60%与90%。  相似文献   

11.
In as-welded state, each region of 2219 aluminum alloy TIG-welded joint shows diff erent microstructure and microhardness due to the diff erent welding heat cycles and the resulting evolution of second phases. After the post-weld heat treatment, both the amount and the size of the eutectic structure or θ phases decreased. Correspondingly, both the Cu content in α-Al matrix and the microhardness increased to a similar level in each region of the joint, and the tensile strength of the entire joint was greatly improved. Post-weld heat treatment played the role of solid solution strengthening and aging strengthening. After the post-weld heat treatment, the weld performance became similar to other regions, but weld reinforcements lost their reinforcing eff ect on the weld and their existence was more of an adverse eff ect. The joint without weld reinforcements after the post-weld heat treatment had the optimal tensile properties, and the specimens randomly crack in the weld zone.  相似文献   

12.
吴玉梅  熊晓云  靳蓉  孙敬民  杨林  罗晓星 《金属学报》2005,10(10):1100-1103
目的: 观察本实验室合成的一种治疗阿尔茨海默氏症(AD)的药物(1-二甲基磷酰基-2, 2, 2 -三氯)-乙基-1-醇烟酸醋(NMF),对体外培养的皮层神经细胞活性的影响以及对海人藻酸(KA)所致的神经损伤的保护作用。方法: 采用体外培养皮层神经元的方法,解剖分离 15 d胚胎小鼠皮层神经细胞, 接种于 96孔板,48 h 后加药并培养 72 h,以 MIT 法 观察 NMF 对小鼠皮层神经细胞活性的影响;同时将接种于 24 孔板的细胞预先给予 NMF,d 3 时加或不加KA处理后,以台盼蓝染色鉴别并计数死、活细胞,可得出细胞的存活率。结果: NMF 明显促进胎鼠皮层神经元活性,其中 NMF1、0. 1、10nmol·L-1促进神经元活性增殖率分别高达 34.7%、37.4%、36. 7%, NMF 明显促进正常胎鼠皮层神经元存活卒,与对照组比较,10nmol·L-1 NMF 对皮层神经元的存活率分别提高 39.3%、73.5%。 NMF能显著 对抗 KA 所致的神经元损伤,与 KA 损伤组相比, NMF0.1、10、10nmol·L-1对损伤皮层神经元的保护率分别为 77.30%、80.10%、84.15%。结论: NMF 明 显促进胎鼠皮层神经元的洁性、提高正常皮层神经元,的存活卒,并能有效地保护KA所致的神经元损伤,提示 NMF 是一种很有潜力的治疗 AD 的药物。  相似文献   

13.
After nearly two years' tense construction, the first phase of industrialized base of Shenyang Research Institute of Foundry (SRIF), located at the Tiexi Casting and Forging Industrial Park in the west of Tiexi District, has now been completed and formally put into operation.  相似文献   

14.
Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, has proposed a method for oxidative leaching of chromite with potassium hydroxide. Understanding the mechanism of chromite decomposition, especially in the potassium hydroxide fusion, is important for the optimization of the operating parameters of the oxidative leaching process. A traditional thermodynamic method is proposed and the thermal decomposition and the reaction decomposition during the oxidative leaching of chromite with KOH and oxygen is discussed, which suggests that chromite is mainly destroyed by reactions with KOH and oxygen. Meanwhile, equilibrium of the main reactions of the above process was calculated at different temperatures and oxygen partial pressures. The stable zones of productions, namely, K2CrO4 and Fe2O3, increase with the decrease of temperature, which indicates that higher temperature is not beneficial to thermodynamic reactions. In addition, a comparison of the general alkali methods is carried out, and it is concluded that the KOH leaching process is thermodynamically superior to the conventional chromate production process.  相似文献   

15.
The effect of isochronal heat treatments for 1h on variation of damping, hardness and microstructural change of the magnesium wrought alloy AZ61 was investigated. Damping and hardness behaviour could be attributed to the evolution of precipitation process. The influence of precipitation on damping behaviour was explained in the framework of the dislocation string model of Granato and Lücke.  相似文献   

16.
The motion of melt droplets in spray degassing process was analyzed theoretically. The height of the treatment tank in spray degassing process could be determined by the results of theoretical calculation of motion of melt droplets. To know whether the melt droplets would solidify during spraying process, the balance temperature of melt droplets was also theoretically analyzed. Then proof experiments for theoretical results about temperature of melt droplets were carried. In comparison, the experimental results were nearly similar to the calculation results.  相似文献   

17.
On the basis of the single-particle framework, a new theory on inclusion growth in metallurgical melts is developed to study the kinetics of inclusion growth on account of reaction and collision. The studies show that the early growth of inclusion depends on reaction growth and Brawnian motion collision, and where the former is decisive, the late growth depends on turbulence collision and Stokes' collision, and where the former is dominant; collision growth is very quick during the smelting process, lessened in the refining process, but nearly negligible in the continuous casting process.  相似文献   

18.
Coherent second phase often exhibits anisotropic morphology with specifi c orientations with respect to both the second and the matrix phases. As a key feature of microstructure, the morphology of the coherent particles is essential for understanding the second-phase strengthening eff ect in various industrial alloys. This letter reports anisotropic growth of coherent ferrite from austenite matrix in pure iron based on molecular dynamics simulation. We found that the ferrite grain tends to grow into an elongated plate-like shape, independent of its initial confi guration. The fi nal shape of the ferrite is closely related to the misfi t between the two phases, with the longest direction and the broad facet of the plate being, respectively, consistent with the best matching direction and the best matching plane calculated via the Burgers vector content(BVC) method. The strain energy calculation in the framework of Eshelby's inclusion theory verifi es that the simulated orientation of the coherent ferrite is energetically favorable. It is anticipated that the BVC method will be applicable in analysis of anisotropic growth and morphology of coherent second phase in other phase transformation systems.  相似文献   

19.
An approach based on film buckling under simple uniaxial tensile testing was utilized in this paper to quantitatively estimate the interfacial energy of the nanostructured multilayer films(NMFs) adherent to flexible substrates. The interfacial energies of polyimide-supported NMFs are determined to be *5.0 J/m2 for Cu/Cr, *4.1 J/m2 for Cu/Ta,*2.8 J/m2 for Cu/Mo, *1.1 J/m2 for Cu/Nb, and *1.2 J/m2 for Cu/Zr NMFs. Furthermore, a linear relationship between the adhesion energy and the interfacial shear strength is clearly demonstrated for the Cu-based NMFs, which is highly indicative of the applicability and reliability of the modified models.  相似文献   

20.
A 17 vol% SiCp/Al–Mg–Si–Cu composite plate with a thickness of 3 mm was successfully friction stir welded(FSWed) at a very high welding speed of 2000 mm/min for the first time. Microstructural observation indicated that the coarsening of the precipitates was greatly inhibited in the heat-affected zone of the FSW joint at high welding speed, due to the significantly reduced peak temperature and duration at high temperature. Therefore, prominent enhancement of the hardness was achieved at the lowest hardness zone of the FSW joint at this high welding speed, which was similar to that of the nugget zone. Furthermore, the ultimate tensile strength of the joint was as high as 369 MPa, which was much higher than that obtained at low welding speed of 100 mm/min(298 MPa). This study provides an effective method to weld aluminum matrix composite with superior quality and high welding efficiency.  相似文献   

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