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1.
针对某型车门下沉问题,通过台架试验获得车门、铰链和车身等各单因素下沉量和车门绞链系统整体下沉量,对单因素下沉量与系统整体下沉刚度进行线性拟合分析,得到车门铰链系统各单因素与系统下沉刚度的相关度排序.对前、后车门分别选取相关度较高的单因素进行优化,最终改进方案的仿真和试验结果证明该方案可有效地提升车门下沉刚度.采用定量分析法可快速找出影响下沉刚度的敏感因素,并能够快速生成优化方案,为新车型设计提供参考.  相似文献   
2.
Laminated Si3N4/SiCw ceramics were successfully prepared by tape casting and hot-pressing. Its mechanical properties were measured and the impact resistance was discussed. The toughness of the laminated Si3N4/SiCw ceramics was 13.5 MPa m1/2, which was almost 1.6 times that of Si3N4/SiCw composite ceramics, namely 8.5 MPa m1/2. Moreover, the indentation strength of laminated Si3N4/SiCw ceramics was not sensitive to increasing indentation loads and exhibited a rising R-curve behaviour, indicating that the laminated Si3N4/SiCw ceramics had excellent impact resistance. The improved toughness and impact resistance of laminated Si3N4/SiCw ceramics was attributed to the residual stress caused by a thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the different layers, resulting in crack deflection and bridging of SiC whiskers in the interface layer, thus consuming a large amount of fracture work.  相似文献   
3.
In once through steam generators, the secondary fluid is heated by the primary fluid. Therefore, the axial heat flux distribution is related to the operational parameters of the fluids in both sides. The RELAP5/MOD4.0 code is adopted to perform the static and transient simulations of a once through steam generator. The temperature, thermal equilibrium quality and heat flux distributions under both heating modes are analyzed and compared. The oscillation behavior of the once through steam generator is discussed and the instantaneous axial profiles of secondary mass flow rate, heat flux as well as tube wall temperature corresponding to four representative times in an oscillation period are further investigated. Finally, the effect of increasing the secondary inlet throttling is studied. The results show that the shape of heat flux distribution under convective heating mainly depends on the temperature difference between primary fluid and secondary fluid. When density wave oscillations occur in the once through steam generators, the primary outlet temperature and total heating power oscillate intensely. The location of the dryout point moves greatly and the tube wall temperature fluctuates most violently in its vicinity. Flow oscillation could be suppressed by increasing the inlet throttling of the secondary side.  相似文献   
4.
Various products, including foods and pharmaceuticals, are sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Thus, temperature monitoring during production, transportation, and storage is critical. Facile indicators are required to monitor temperature conditions via color changes in real time. This study aimed to prepare and apply thiol-functionalized covalent organic frameworks (COFs) as a novel indicator for monitoring thermal history and temperature abuse. The COFs underwent obvious color changes from bright yellow to purple after exposure to different temperatures for varying durations. The reaction kinetics are analyzed under isothermal conditions, which reveal that the order of reaction rates is k−20°C < k4°C < k20°C < k35°C < k55°C. The activation energy (Ea) of the COFs is calculated using the Arrhenius equation as 50.71 kJ moL−1. The COFs are capable of sensitive color changes and offer a broad temperature tracking range, thereby demonstrating their application potential for the monitoring of temperature and time exposure history during production, transportation, and storage. This excellent performance thermal history indicator also shows promise for expanding the application field of COFs.  相似文献   
5.
中性束注入加热为全超导非圆截面托卡马克(EAST)主要辅助加热方式之一。伴随着中性束注入加热,等离子体中子出射强度可达到1014 n/s。由于中性束注入窗口具有较大的开口尺寸,窗口泄露的大量中子可能影响系统的安全稳定运行。本文基于EAST 中性束二维模型和蒙特卡洛程序MCNP与材料活化程序FISPACT, 研究EAST 两条中性束夹角112.5°时,中性束关键部件材料SS304和铜活化情况,并研究材料活化所导致的停机剂量率,最后利用高纯锗能谱仪测量活化核素的γ能谱。研究表明,理论模拟与实验测量结果吻合较好。中长寿命核素51Cr、58Co、54Mn等为SS304主要活化核素。EAST停止运行5 min后,停机剂量率已经降低到国际热核聚变实验堆计划(ITER)设计的剂量率限值10-5 Sv/h。本研究可为研究聚变堆中性束注入窗口的材料活化和停机维护方案设计提供指导。  相似文献   
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任军 《电视技术》2021,45(5):17-20
伴随虚拟现实技术在影视制作方面的发展,虚拟现实技术衍生出了一批新形态影视制作手段和呈现方式.例如,电视节目制作领域先后出现了虚拟演播室技术和虚拟植入技术,成为目前在电视节目制作领域应用最为广泛的技术.通过剖析虚拟植入技术的特点,分析虚拟植入系统的构成及功能,进而阐述虚拟植入技术在电视节目制作领域的应用及实现方式,为推动5G+4K/8K+AI发展时期电视节目制作技术的发展提供一些基础经验.  相似文献   
9.
杨乾  范存斐  王毅  任亚琳  毕阳 《食品科学》2021,42(1):243-249
目的:研究抗坏血酸(ascorbic acid,AsA)-还原型谷胱甘肽(reduced glutathione,GSH)循环代谢在水杨酸处理采后甜瓜诱导的过量H2O2清除过程中的作用。方法:用4 mmol/L水杨酸浸泡‘玉金香’厚皮甜瓜10 min,测定处理后果实常温贮藏过程中丙二醛(malondialdehyde,MDA)含量,分析活性氧的积累水平、超氧化物歧化酶(superoxide dismutase,SOD)和过氧化氢酶(catalase,CAT)活力,以及AsA-GSH循环过程相关酶活力及产物和底物含量。结果:水杨酸处理降低了果实MDA含量,第10天处理组MDA含量较对照组降低14.6%;显著提高了果实O2-·的产生速率和H2O2含量(P<0.05),其中处理后第2天O2-·的产生速率高出同期对照组的1.9 倍,第6天H2O2含量高出对照组果实29.7%;提高了果实SOD活力,但抑制了CAT活力,说明H2O2的清除可能是依赖于除酶促系统外的其他系统。此外,水杨酸处理提高了果实抗坏血酸过氧化物酶、单脱氢抗坏血酸过氧化物酶、脱氢抗坏血酸还原酶和谷胱甘肽还原酶的活力,增加了AsA和氧化型谷胱甘肽的含量,降低了脱氢抗坏血酸和GSH的含量。结论:水杨酸处理诱导了厚皮甜瓜果实的氧爆,抑制了MDA产生,由水杨酸诱导产生的过量H2O2主要依靠AsA-GSH循环系统清除。  相似文献   
10.
Selenium-modified nucleosides are powerful tools to study the structure and function of nucleic acids and their protein interactions. The widespread application of 2-selenopyrimidine nucleosides is currently limited by low yields in established synthetic routes. Herein, we describe the optimization of the synthesis of 2-Se-uridine and 2-Se-thymidine derivatives by thermostable nucleoside phosphorylases in transglycosylation reactions using natural uridine or thymidine as sugar donors. Reactions were performed at 60 or 80 °C and at pH 9 under hypoxic conditions to improve the solubility and stability of the 2-Se-nucleobases in aqueous media. To optimize the conversion, the reaction equilibria in analytical transglycosylation reactions were studied. The equilibrium constants of phosphorolysis of the 2-Se-pyrimidines were between 5 and 10, and therefore differ by an order of magnitude from the equilibrium constants of any other known case. Hence, the thermodynamic properties of the target nucleosides are inherently unfavorable, and this complicates their synthesis significantly. A tenfold excess of sugar donor was needed to achieve 40−48 % conversion to the target nucleoside. Scale-up of the optimized conditions provided four Se-containing nucleosides in 6–40 % isolated yield, which compares favorably to established chemical routes.  相似文献   
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