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1.
Residential natural gas consumption depends on several factors. Available tools and methods to identify, categorize, and validate effective factors have some limitations, making consumption modeling more complex. Once a comprehensive model of effective consumption factors is developed for residential gas consumers, it can predict consumption. In addition, such a model could be used to verify the accuracy of measuring devices in order to reduce unaccounted for gas (UFG). The key factors affecting residential gas consumption were identified based on previous studies and their mutual effects were analyzed using a fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) method. The most significant factors and their effects on natural gas consumption in the residential sector were determined. In this study, for the first time, the expected consumption for each consumer was estimated using a consumption index. Generally, if the estimated consumption is significantly different from the amount recorded by the meter, it could suggest a potential source of UFG. The proposed method was applied to the data collected from the residential gas consumers of a small region in Iran (Dasht-e Arjan region, Fars province), and the results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.  相似文献   
2.
分析了静电产生的原因,阐述了粉体含能材料生产中的静电起电现象、静电的危害、静电安全性评估标准以及建立在此标准基础上的静电放电危险的评价办法,提出了粉体含能材料在生产、运输中所需要采取的静电防护措施。  相似文献   
3.
《Oil and Energy Trends》2020,45(1):31-32
Current data on net electricity production, as well as a breakdown of production by country. Updated on a monthly basis.  相似文献   
4.
This paper investigates the relationship between economic growth, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and energy consumption with an aim to test the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in five ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) by applying the panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) model as a new econometric technique. The PSTR model is more flexible and appropriate for describing cross-country heterogeneity and time instability. Our empirical results strongly rejected the null hypothesis of linearity, and the test for no remaining nonlinearity indicated a model with one transition function and two threshold parameters. The first regime (levels of GDP per capita below 4686 USD) showed that environmental degradation increases with economic growth while the trend was reversed in the second regime (GDP per capita above 4686 USD). The results also showed that energy consumption with either the first or the second regime lead to increase CO2. The overall results support the validity of the EKC hypothesis in the ASEAN countries.  相似文献   
5.
An alternative Equivalent Electrical Circuit for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells is modelled in this study. Both I–V characteristics and H2 consumptions corresponding to generated power under load and no-load conditions are investigated. For this purpose, H2 consumptions and I–V characteristics of three different sized PEMFCs are tested. There is a very good harmony between the model results and measured values (relative error %0.7, %6.4 and %2.5 for FC-A, FC-B and FC-C respectively). In the proposed model current passes only on parallel resistance and not on serial resistance at no-load condition. Thus, a FC with higher parallel resistance should be preferred. Another key output of this study is that based on the proposed model, performance comparison of FCs can be performed with the parameters defined in this work. Proposals made in this study can easily be used for performance analysis of FCs under for both steady state and transient analysis.  相似文献   
6.
《Oil and Energy Trends》2019,44(10):29-30
Current data on net electricity production, as well as a breakdown of production by country. Updated on a monthly basis.  相似文献   
7.
《Oil and Energy Trends》2019,44(9):27-28
Current data on net electricity production, as well as a breakdown of production by country. Updated on a monthly basis.  相似文献   
8.
针对跨数据中心的资源调度问题,提出了一种基于组合双向拍卖(PCDA)的资源调度方案。首先,将云资源拍卖分为三个部分:云用户代理报价、云资源提供商要价、拍卖代理组织拍卖;其次,在定义用户的优先级及任务紧迫度的基础上,在拍卖过程中估算每一个工作发生的服务等级协议(SLA)违规并以此计算云提供商的收益,同时每轮竞拍允许成交多项交易;最终达到根据用户等级合理分配云资源调度的效果。仿真实验结果表明该算法保证了竞拍成功率,与传统一次拍卖成交一项的组合双向拍卖方案相比,PCDA在竞拍时间段产生的能耗降低了35.00%,拍卖云提供商的利润提高了约38.84%。  相似文献   
9.
The feasibility of microbial hydrogen consumption to mitigate the hydrogen embrittlement (HE) under different cathodic potentials was evaluated using the Devanathan-Stachurski electrochemical test and the hydrogen permeation efficiency η. The hydrogen permeation efficiency η in the presence of strain GA-1 was lower than that in sterile medium. The cathodic potential inhibited the adherence of strain GA-1 to AISI 4135 steel surface, thereby reducing the hydrogen consumption of strain GA-1. The adherent GA-1 cells were capable of consuming ‘cathodic hydrogen’ and reducing the proportions of absorbed hydrogen, indicating that it is theoretically possible to control HE by hydrogen-consuming microbes.  相似文献   
10.
介绍了中国石化江苏盐城石油分公司新兴油库创建节约型油库活动的经验和取得的较好的经济效益。他们的做法是:高度重视,提高全员创建思想意识。充分发挥员工的积极作用;细化措施,努力挖掘降本增效空间;强化监控,建立健全长效管理机制。  相似文献   
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