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RE disilicates are good candidates as environmental/thermal barrier coating for SiCf/SiC composite in harsh gas turbine engines. We designed (Yb1?xHox)2Si2O7 solid solutions and studied mechanical properties, thermal properties, and water vapor resistance. Powders with different compositions were synthesized by pressureless sintering, and bulk samples were prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). Polymorphic changes with temperature and composition of the solid solutions were examined. Through doping Ho into Yb2Si2O7, water vapor corrosion resistance is significantly promoted, and thermal expansion coefficient is maintained close to that of Si-based ceramics. Compared with host disilicates, thermal conductivity of solid solutions are decreased, and mechanical properties, including Vickers hardness and fracture toughness, are increased. A two-phase domain is found at (Yb1/2Ho1/2)2Si2O7, and the γ to δ phase transition of Ho2Si2O7 is observed during SPS. Among all samples, γ-(Yb1/3Ho2/3)2Si2O7 possesses superior high temperature stability, and excellent water vapor resistance, indicating its performance as environmental/thermal barrier coating.  相似文献   
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研究了3种微通道板基底羟基化的方法,测量了羟基化处理后微通道板基底表面水接触角及通道端面的形貌变化,分析了各种方法中微通道板基底的亲水性和腐蚀情况。实验结果表明:氨水双氧水溶液对基体表面的亲水性能提升不大,NaOH溶液对基体有腐蚀作用,经食人鱼溶液处理的基体表面亲水性明显提高且无腐蚀作用。研究了微通道板在食人鱼溶液中的浸泡时间和浸泡温度对表面亲水性的影响。结果表明:随着浸泡温度的增加,微通道板表面水接触角先减小后增大,当温度为80℃时达到极小值,浸泡时间对微通道板表面的亲水性影响不大。最终确定了微通道板表面羟基化工艺:浸泡温度为80℃,静置时间为20~60 min。  相似文献   
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用块状渣土置换软弱地基和回填低洼谷地等是处置工程渣土的有效途径。为了分析饱和块状混合回填土地基的固结性状,运用混合物理论建立了其一维固结模型。首先,假定块状土固相和充填土固相之间满足等应变条件,获得了饱和块状混合回填土中各相应变与块状土孔隙变形和充填土孔隙变形的关系式。其次,在小应变条件下,根据自由能势函数方程建立了饱和块状混合回填土的一维线弹性本构方程,再结合达西定律和应力平衡方程获得了一维固结控制方程。再次,利用分离变量法得到一维固结解析解,通过退化本文模型与已有模型进行对比,验证了本文模型的正确性。最后,基于所得解析解,分析了充填土孔隙渗透系数、块状土孔隙渗透系数以及流体交换参数等因素对饱和块状混合回填土地基固结性状的影响。分析结果表明:充填土孔隙渗透系数对饱和块状混合回填土地基整体固结性状起主导作用;在固结初期,块状土超孔压会有一定程度的上升,且3个参数具有相似的作用机理。  相似文献   
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The transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding of CoCuFeMnNi high entropy alloy (HEA) was studied. The TLP bonding was performed using AWS BNi-2 interlayer at 1050 °C with the TLP bonding time of 20, 60, 180 and 240 min. The effect of bonding time on the joint microstructure was characterized by SEM and EDS. Microstructural results confirmed that complete isothermal solidification occurred approximately at 240 min of bonding time. For samples bonded at 20, 60 and 180 min, athermal solidification zone was formed in the bonding area which included Cr-rich boride and Mn3Si intermetallic compound. For all samples, the γ solid solution was formed in the isothermal solidification zone of the bonding zone. To evaluate the effect of TLP bonding time on mechanical properties of joints, the shear strength and micro-hardness of joints were measured. The results indicated a decrement of micro-hardness in the bonding zone and an increment of micro-hardness in the adjacent zone of joints. The minimum and maximum values of shear strength were 100 and 180 MPa for joints with the bonding time of 20 and 240 min, respectively.  相似文献   
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Synthetic active matters are perfect model systems for non-equilibrium thermodynamics and of great potential for novel biomedical and environmental applications. However, most applications are limited by the complicated and low-yield preparation, while a scalable synthesis for highly functional microswimmers is highly desired. In this paper, an all-solution synthesis method is developed where the gold-loaded titania-silica nanotree can be produced as a multi-functional self-propulsion microswimmer. By applying light, heat, and electric field, the Janus nanotree demonstrated multi-mode self-propulsion, including photochemical self-electrophoresis by UV and visible light radiation, thermophoresis by near-infrared light radiation, and induced-charge electrophoresis under AC electric field. Due to the scalable synthesis, the Janus nanotree is further demonstrated as a high-efficiency, low-cost, active adsorbent for water decontamination, where the toxic mercury ions can be reclaimed with enhanced efficiency.  相似文献   
9.
The strengthening method of multi-element M-site solid solution is a common approach to improve mechanical properties of MAX phase ceramic. However, the research on capability of multi-element A-site solid solution to improve mechanical properties has rarely been reported. Thereupon, quasi-high-entropy MAX phase ceramic bulks of Ti2(Al1?xAx)C and Ti3(Al1?xAx)C2 (A = Ga, In, Sn, x = 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) were successfully synthesized by in situ vacuum hot pressing via multi-elements solid solution. The multi-elements solid solution in single-atom thick A layer was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as well as by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mappings. Effects of doped multi-elements contents on the phase, microstructure, mechanical properties, and high temperature tribological behaviors were studied. Results demonstrated that the Vickers hardness, anisotropic flexural strength, fracture toughness, and tribological properties of Ti–Al–C based MAX ceramics could be remarkably improved by constitution of quasi-high-entropy MAX phase in A layers. Moreover, the strengthening and wear mechanisms were also discussed in detail. This method of multi-element solid solution at A-site provides new way to enhance mechanical properties of other MAX phase ceramics.  相似文献   
10.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(5):6745-6749
A series of (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-x wt.% SiC (x = 0, 5, 10, 20) composites were prepared by spark plasma sintering. Dense microstructures with well‐dispersed SiC particles were obtained for all composites. With the increment of SiC content, the Vickers hardness, Young's modulus and fracture toughness increase monotonically. An optimized flexural strength of 706 MPa was achieved in (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-5 wt.%SiC composite. (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-20 wt%SiC composite exhibits the highest fracture toughness of 6.8 MPa m1/2. The crack deflections and the suppression of grain growth were the main strengthening and toughening mechanisms. Besides, (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-20 wt%SiC composite exhibit the highest thermal conductivity of 45 W/m·K at 800 °C.  相似文献   
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