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1.
In recent building practice, rapid construction is one of the principal requisites. Furthermore, in designing concrete structures, compressive strength is the most significant of all parameters. While 3-d and 7-d compressive strength reflects the strengths at early phases, the ultimate strength is paramount. An effort has been made in this study to develop mathematical models for predicting compressive strength of concrete incorporating ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) at the later phases. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) goodness-of-fit test was used to examine distribution of the data. The compressive strength of EVA-modified concrete was studied by incorporating various concentrations of EVA as an admixture and by testing at ages of 28, 56, 90, 120, 210, and 365 d. An accelerated compressive strength at 3.5 hours was considered as a reference strength on the basis of which all the specified strengths were predicted by means of linear regression fit. Based on the results of KS goodness-of-fit test, it was concluded that KS test statistics value (D) in each case was lower than the critical value 0.521 for a significance level of 0.05, which demonstrated that the data was normally distributed. Based on the results of compressive strength test, it was concluded that the strength of EVA-modified specimens increased at all ages and the optimum dosage of EVA was achieved at 16% concentration. Furthermore, it was concluded that predicted compressive strength values lies within a 6% difference from the actual strength values for all the mixes, which indicates the practicability of the regression equations. This research work may help in understanding the role of EVA as a viable material in polymer-based cement composites.  相似文献   
2.
《Ceramics International》2020,46(12):20306-20312
Although the antibacterial properties of MXene nanosheets containing Ti3C2Tx are known, their antifungal properties have not been well studied. Herein, we present for the first time a report on the antifungal properties of Ti3C2Tx MXene. The Ti3C2Tx MXene was obtained by first exfoliating MAX phase of Ti3AlC2 with concentrated hydrofluoric acid, then the Ti3C2Tx was intercalated and deliminated by ethanol treatment and ultrasonication process. The delaminated Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets (d-Ti3C2Tx) were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), and Raman spectroscopy. It was found that Ti3C2Tx MXene was characterized by lamellar structure alternating with layers of Ti, Al and C. The EDX results revealed that the delaminated Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets were composed of Ti, C, Si, O, F, and a trace amount of Al. The XRD and Raman spectra further indicated the elimination of Al and the formation of two-dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets. The antifungal activity of the delaminated Ti3C2Tx MXene was determined against Trichoderma reesei using the modified agar disc method. Observation using inverted phase contrastmicroscopy revealed inhibited fungus growth with the absence of hyphae around the discs treated wtih MXene. The surrounding of the control groups without an inclusion of MXene was found with large number of hyphae and spores. In addition, the spores of the fungi treated with the samples containing d-Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets did not germinate even after 11 days of culture. The results demonstrated disruption to the hemispheric structural formation of fungi colony, inhibition of hyphae growth and cell damage for fungi grown on the d-Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets. These new findings suggest that d-Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets developed in this work could be a promising anti-fungi material.  相似文献   
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4.
  Qing  Xu  Bin  Yu  Yang  Zhan  Wei  Zhao  Yu  Zheng  Jun  Ji  Jian 《Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment》2021,80(8):6513-6525
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment - Many uncertainties exist in pile-stabilized slopes which make their design substantially complicated. In this paper, a first-order reliability...  相似文献   
5.
Traditional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods can hardly find global maximum power point (MPP) because output characteristics curve of photovoltaic (PV) array may have multi local maximum power points in irregular shadow, and thus easily fall into the local maximum power point. To address this drawback, Considering that sliding mode variable structure (SMVS) control strategy have such advantages as simple structure, fast response and strong robustness, and P&O method have the advantages of simple principle and convenient implementation, so a new algorithm combining SMVS control method and P&O method is proposed, besides, PI controller is applied to reduce system chattering caused by switching sliding surface. It is applied to MPPT control of PV array in irregular shadow to solve the problem of multi-peak optimization in partial shadow. In order to verity the rationality of the proposed algorithm, the experimental circuit is built, which achieves MPPT control by means of the proposed algorithm and P&O method. The experimental results show that compared with the traditional P&O algorithm, the proposed algorithm can fast track the global MPP, tracking speed increases by 60% and the relative error decreased by 20%. Moreover, the system becomes more stable near the MPP, the fluctuations of output power is greatly reduced, and thus make full use of solar energy.  相似文献   
6.
有植被的河道水流紊动特性模型试验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
通过物理模型试验,研究了有植被的河道水流紊动特性.试验结果表明,在复式断面河道滩地种植柔性植被后,滩地糙率增大,水流紊动更为剧烈,河道水流紊动强度峰值由原先的滩槽交界区转移到滩地区.滩地的水流紊动强度沿程递减;滩槽交界区的水流紊动强度沿程不断增大;主槽的水流紊动强度主要与床面糙率有关,滩地植被影响了滩地水流的归槽时间,使主槽水流流速沿程增大.  相似文献   
7.
地下埋藏式钢岔管抗外压稳定性分析   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
岑黛蓉  王建  丁丽 《水力发电》2006,32(1):52-54
考虑了钢岔管与混凝土垫层的初始缝隙和初始几何缺陷,给出了一套地下埋藏式钢岔管抗外压稳定性的三维有限元分析和求解方法。采用该方法分析某工程实例,将其成果与阿氏公式计算的结果进行了比较,证明了该方法的可行性,并得到一些对工程设计有参考价值的成果。  相似文献   
8.
天然水资源价值评估的能值方法及应用   总被引:9,自引:1,他引:8  
陈丹  陈菁  罗朝晖 《水利学报》2006,37(10):1188-1192
本文从水资源的自然属性出发,提出了采用能值(Emergy)理论与方法研究天然水资源价值的新思路。论述了环境与自然资源定价的能值价值理论;根据水文循环与天然水资源基本特性,给出了水资源生成与能量转换的概念模型;从水的化学能角度提出了天然水资源价值的能值评估方法,包括理论方法与简化方法;并以我国南方某沿海县域为例进行了实际应用。实例表明,基于能值价值理论的天然水资源价值定量评估方法具有可行性。  相似文献   
9.
河口海岸近底层潮流速分布模式初步研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
许多现场实测资料表明,潮流近底流速剖面偏离传统的对数分布。虽然偏离值可能不大,但利用对数剖面去计算河底粗糙长度和剪切应力时会引起较大的误差。有研究者的数值试验表明,如果通过流速是对数分布来估计粗糙长度和底部切应力,偏差可能超过100%(Kuo等,1996)。本文从流体动力学原理出发,利用Prandtl混合长度和Von Karman自相似理论,建立河口海岸近底层潮流速分布的对数线性模式。通过对英国大陆南部西Solent水道实测水流垂向分布进行枚举粗糙长度z0结合最小二乘法拟合,并将计算结果与传统的对数模式的结果比较,表明本文模式有以下优点:①精度高,计算值更接近实测值;②所确定的粗糙长度z0和摩阻流速u*的相关系数更高,且两者在相位上更趋一致。  相似文献   
10.
基于Intranet/Internet的大坝安全监测信息查询系统   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
大坝安全监测信息的网上发布可以让人们了解各种实时、动态信息,文 中主要介绍了在Intranet/Internet下采用ASP(active server pages)结合VBScript,JavaS cript及ActiveX技术进行大坝安全监测信息查询系统开发的方法及步骤,并结合实际系统的 开发加以说明。  相似文献   
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