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Various products, including foods and pharmaceuticals, are sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Thus, temperature monitoring during production, transportation, and storage is critical. Facile indicators are required to monitor temperature conditions via color changes in real time. This study aimed to prepare and apply thiol-functionalized covalent organic frameworks (COFs) as a novel indicator for monitoring thermal history and temperature abuse. The COFs underwent obvious color changes from bright yellow to purple after exposure to different temperatures for varying durations. The reaction kinetics are analyzed under isothermal conditions, which reveal that the order of reaction rates is k−20°C < k4°C < k20°C < k35°C < k55°C. The activation energy (Ea) of the COFs is calculated using the Arrhenius equation as 50.71 kJ moL−1. The COFs are capable of sensitive color changes and offer a broad temperature tracking range, thereby demonstrating their application potential for the monitoring of temperature and time exposure history during production, transportation, and storage. This excellent performance thermal history indicator also shows promise for expanding the application field of COFs.  相似文献   
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Over recent years,catalytic materials of Fe-N-C species have been recognized being active for oxygen reduction reaction(ORR).However,the identification of active site remains challenging as it generally involves a pyrolysis process and mixed components being obtained.Herein Fe3C/C and Fe2N/C samples were synthesized by temperature programmed reduction of Fe precursors in 15%CH4/H2and pure NH3,respectively.By acid leaching of Fe2N/C sample,only single sites of FeN4species were presented,providing an ideal model for identification of catalytic functions of the single sites of FeN4in ORR.A correlation was conducted between the concentration of FeN4in low spin state by Mossbauer spectra and the kinetic current density at 0.8 V in alkaline media,and such a structure-performance correlation assures the catalytic roles of low spin FeN4 species as highly active sites for the ORR.  相似文献   
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可见光引发剂研究进展   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
光固化技术的应用非常广泛,常用于光固化涂料、油墨、牙科固化、胶粘剂以及 3D打印材料等领域。与紫外光固化相比,可见光固化具备辐射安全、固化深度高、设备价格低廉等优势。作为光固化体系的重要组成部分,光引发剂的研究一直备受关注。本文对近 2~3 a可见光引发剂的研究进展进行了综述,主要从 TPO类、萘酰亚胺类、蒽醌类、咔唑类、硅酮类、肟酯类、共轭染料类、光生酸剂类和金属配合物类光引发剂 9个方面进行了综述,并对可见光引发剂的发展方向做了简单的概述。  相似文献   
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ZnO/Cu2S nanotube arrays are fabricated firstly by a facile and capping-agent-free method, and the photo-electrochemical performance has been studied systematically. The results show that ZnO/Cu2S nanotube arrays achieve enhanced photo-electrochemical water splitting performance and the photocurrent densities of ZnO/Cu2S are 7.9 times than that of ZnO at 0 V versus Ag/AgCl. The performance of the ZnO/Cu2S nanotube arrays can be adjusted by changing the amount of Cu2S microcrystals. The results confirm that the enhanced photo-electrochemical performance of ZnO/Cu2S is due to the significantly improved visible light absorption, effective separation of photo-induced carriers due to the well band energy match and the formed p-n junction between ZnO and Cu2S.  相似文献   
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The electrochemical water splitting to produce H2 in high efficiency with earth-abundant-metal catalysts remains a challenge. Here, we describe a simple “cyclic voltammetry + ageing” protocol at room temperature to activate Ni electrode (AC-Ni/NF) for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), by which Ni/Ni(OH)2 heterostructure is formed at the surface. In situ Raman spectroscopy reveals the gradual growth of Ni/Ni(OH)2 heterostructure during the first 30 min of the aging treatment and combined with polarization measurements, it suggests a positive relation between the Ni/Ni(OH)2 amount and HER performance of the electrode. The obtained AC-Ni/NF catalyst, with plentiful Ni–Ni(OH)2 interfaces, exhibits remarkable performance towards HER, with the low overpotential of only 30 mV at a H2-evolving current density of 10 mA/cm2 and 153 mV at 100 mA/cm2, as well as a small Tafel slope of 46.8 mV/dec in 1 M KOH electrolyte at ambient temperature. The excellent HER performance of the AC-Ni/NF could be maintained for at least 24 h without obvious decay. Ex situ experiments and in situ electrochemical-Raman spectroscopy along with density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that Ni/Ni(OH)2 heterostructure, although partially reduced, can still persist during HER catalysis and it is the Ni–Ni(OH)2 interface reducing the energy barrier of H1 adsorption thus promoting the HER performance.  相似文献   
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