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1.
We have previously reported that long-term priming of human polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN) with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) increased the fMLP-stimulated calcium influx. We now show that also after short-term incubation with IFN-gamma, PMN calcium metabolism is modulated. Single adherent cells in three different calcium-containing buffers (high, normal, and low [Ca2+]) were stimulated with the bacterial peptide fMLP or the Ca-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin (Tg) after about 5 min preincubation with IFN-gamma. The results of this protocol indicated that IFN-gamma increases both calcium influx and calcium sequestration. Store dependent Ca2+ influx, directly measured on readdition of calcium to Tg-treated cells incubated in EGTA buffer, was significantly enhanced in IFN-gamma-treated cells. This effect of IFN-gamma was enhanced by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor herbimycin A. Strikingly, in low extracellular calcium concentrations, IFN-gamma induced calcium transients in 20%-60% of the cells. The proportion of PMN responding with Ca2+ transients increased with decreasing extracellular calcium concentration. Average lagtime from addition of IFN-gamma to a response that could be measured was 7.3 sec, and average increase in [Ca2+] above the basal level was 790 nM. These IFN-gamma-induced transients could not be depressed by herbimycin A. Thus, IFN-gamma can increase capacitative calcium influx, induce calcium transients, and possibly affect calcium sequestration in human PMN.  相似文献   
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3.
Phase diagrams and a thermodynamic database constructed by the Calculation of Phase Diagrams approach offer powerful tools for alloy design and materials development. This article presents recent progress on the thermodynamic database for microsolders and copper-based alloys, which is useful for the development of lead-free solders and prediction of interfacial phenomena between solders and the copper substrate in electronic packaging technology. In addition, examples of phase diagram applications are presented to facilitate the development of Co-Cr-based magnetic recording media in hard disks and new ferromagnetic shape-memory alloys. For more information, contact K. Ishida, Tohoku University, Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Aoba-yama 02, Sendai 980-8579, Japan.  相似文献   
4.
Constant stress creep under compression stress, 100 to 316 MPa, at 1100 K was investigated on single-phase TiAl intermetallics. The material was ingot-cast, isothermally forged, and then annealed to produce stable equi-axed grain structures, whose average grain diameters were 25, 42 and 70m. Creep curves were very similar among the three specimens with different grain diameters and the creep rates at a given strain, as well as the minimum creep rates, depended little on grain size. Two regimes were observed on the stress dependence of the minimum creep rate. The stress exponent under high stresses was about 4.5, independent of grain size. Under stresses lower than about 150 MPa it became about 8.  相似文献   
5.
We report fast computation of computer-generated holograms (CGHs) using Xeon Phi coprocessors, which have massively x86-based processors on one chip, recently released by Intel. CGHs can generate arbitrary light wavefronts, and therefore, are promising technology for many applications: for example, three-dimensional displays, diffractive optical elements, and the generation of arbitrary beams. CGHs incur enormous computational cost. In this paper, we describe the implementations of several CGH generating algorithms on the Xeon Phi, and the comparisons in terms of the performance and the ease of programming between the Xeon Phi, a CPU and graphics processing unit (GPU).  相似文献   
6.
For the elucidation of the crystal structures of the two crystalline allomorphs of cellulose triacetate (CTA), namely CTA I and CTA II, two-dimensional (2D) solid-state through-bond 13C-13C and 1H-13C correlations NMR techniques applied to the two crystalline allomorphs of CTA. As a result, the 13C and 1H chemical shifts of the glucopyranose ring of CTA I and CTA II were completely assigned by the 2D NMR spectra of these allomorphs. On the 2D 13C-13C correlation spectrum of CTA II, two sets of the 13C-13C correlations from C1 to C6 were observed. This indicated that the CP/MAS 13C NMR spectrum of CTA II can be characterized by its overlapping of the 13C subspectra of two kinds of 2,3,6-triacetyl-anhydroglucopyranose units and that there are two magnetically non-equivalent sites in the unit cell of CTA II. In the case of CTA I, the numbers of respective 13C and 1H shifts of CTA I agreed with the those of the glucopyranose residue in the allomorph, strongly suggesting that the asymmetric unit of CTA I is only one glucose residue. In addition, conformational differences in the exocyclic C5-C6 bonds between CTA I and CTA II were strongly suggested by the notable differences in the 1H and 13C chemical shifts at the C6 sites of these allomorphs.  相似文献   
7.
A dry developable negative working resist composition comprised of poly(methyl isopropenyl ketone) (PMIPK) and 4-methyl-2,6-di(4′-azido-benzylidene) cyclohexanone-1 was examined. The main photochemical product formed in the resist pattern was found to be a secondary amine which crosslinks PMIPK. Post-annealing forms a hydrogen-bonded product which shows a powerful electronic excitation energy quenching effect. The quencher is more powerful than the aromatic compound arising from the azide by post-annealing only. The residual resist thickness of the negative pattern is about 80 percent of the initial thickness of the coating in spite of all the azide compound remaining in the resist coating. The obtained dry developed resist pattern has a high dry etch resistance. Etchings of Si and SiO2 were performed by plasma and reactive ion etching, respectively.  相似文献   
8.
Co-Ni-Al合金不仅可以作为铁磁性形状记忆合金,也是传统和高温形状记忆合金的候选材料,本文通过金相显微分析,DSC和VSM方法,研究了Co40Ni33.5Al26.5合金马氏体相变和Curie点随淬火温度变化的情况,结果发现该合金马氏体相变温度和Curie点与淬火温度成正比关系.马氏体相变的4种温度,即Ms、Mf、As和At基本平行变化,淬火温度每升高10℃,马氏体相变温度升高8~9℃,而Curie点升高6~7℃.其马氏体相变温度和Curie点随淬火温度的变化与基体相β的成分变化有关,β相中Al的含量随淬火温度升高而降低,因而马氏体相变温度和Curie点升高.并且发现随着淬火温度升高,Co40Ni33.5Al26.5合金马氏体相的磁晶各向异性有减弱的倾向.  相似文献   
9.
Abstract— Moiré‐reduction methods for integral videography displays are proposed. Integral videography is based on the principles of integral photography and extended real‐time video processing. There are two moiré‐reduction methods that can be used for integral videography displays that have a lens array and a liquid‐crystal display. The first is color moiré, and the second is intensity moiré. To reduce color moiré, an optimized color‐filter layout in the liquid‐crystal display was used. To reduce intensity moiré, a defocusing method was used. Adesign of a viewing area for the integral videography display is also presented. To control the viewing area, the lens pitch and the shape of the integral videography elemental image was changed. A 5‐in. integral videography display was implemented by using the proposed methods, and an integral videography display was evaluated.  相似文献   
10.
T. Noda  K. Oikawa  S. Itoh  M. Hino  T. Nagasaka   《Calphad》2009,33(3):557-560
Thermodynamic evaluation of Cu–Cu3P system has been conducted by applying subregular solution model with Gibbs energy of Cu3P formation that was newly determined by means of triple Knudsen cell mass spectrometry. Both the calculated vapor pressure of phosphorus and phase diagram of Cu–P system are excellently consistent with the literature data in the composition range of Cu–Cu3P, indicating that there is no significant thermodynamic inconsistency between the present work based on the Gibbs energy of Cu3P formation determined and the literature data.  相似文献   
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