首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   1756篇
  免费   13篇
  国内免费   46篇
电工技术   11篇
综合类   14篇
化学工业   690篇
金属工艺   65篇
机械仪表   22篇
建筑科学   1篇
矿业工程   5篇
能源动力   411篇
轻工业   17篇
石油天然气   12篇
武器工业   2篇
无线电   99篇
一般工业技术   409篇
冶金工业   8篇
原子能技术   11篇
自动化技术   38篇
  2024年   1篇
  2023年   59篇
  2022年   101篇
  2021年   143篇
  2020年   151篇
  2019年   147篇
  2018年   142篇
  2017年   151篇
  2016年   120篇
  2015年   80篇
  2014年   196篇
  2013年   129篇
  2012年   102篇
  2011年   170篇
  2010年   76篇
  2009年   27篇
  2008年   18篇
  2007年   1篇
  2003年   1篇
排序方式: 共有1815条查询结果,搜索用时 375 毫秒
1.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(18):25505-25513
Herein, (Co0.5Ni0.5)Cr0.3Fe1.7O4/graphene oxide nanocomposites were fabricated by ultrasonication technique, using pure spinel ferrite and graphene oxide synthesized by sol-gel method and modified Hummers' method, respectively. The effect of graphene incorporation with ferrite nanoparticles was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), electrical and dielectric measurements. XRD analysis revealed the spinel phase for the ferrite sample and confirmed the formation of graphene oxide. The crystallite size was found in the range of 3743 nm and the porosity increased with the increase in the concentration of graphene oxide in the composites. The DC electrical resistivity of spinel ferrite was found equal to 3.83×109 Ω.cm and it substantially decreased with the increase in the percentage of graphene oxide at room temperature. The real and imaginary part of relative permittivity followed the Maxwell-Wagner type of interfacial polarization. AC conductivity confirmed the conduction by hopping mechanism and increased on increasing the GO content. The coupling of magnetic ferrite with graphene oxide tunes the magneto-electrical properties for potential applications at high frequencies.  相似文献   
2.
A promising electrocatalyst containing variable percentage of V2O5–TiO2 mixed oxide in graphene oxide support was prepared by embedding the catalyst on Cu substrate through facile electroless Ni–Co–P plating for hydrogen evolution reaction. The solvothermal decomposition method was opted for tuning the crystalline characteristics of prepared material. The optimized mixed oxide was well characterized, active sites centres were identified and explained by X-ray diffraction, high resolution tunnelling electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray and X-ray photon spectroscopy analysis. The structural and electronic characteristics of material was done by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the electrochemical behaviour of the prepared material was evaluated by using Tafel plot, electrochemical impedance analysis, linear sweep voltammetry, open circuit analysis and chronoamperometry measurements. The results show the enhanced catalytic activity of Ni–Co–P than pure Ni–P plate, due to synergic effect. Moreover, the prepared mixed oxide incorporated Ni–Co–P plate has a high activity towards HER with low over potential of 101 mV, low Tafel slope of 36 mVdec?1, high exchange current density of 9.90 × 10?2 Acm?2.  相似文献   
3.
The onset of hybrid alumina-based composites, which combines two or more nano-particles within the alumina matrix has already shown promising improvements in the matrix material. However, variations in mechanical properties including the optimum compositions that give improved properties faced with the development of alumina-based composites require further studies to understand the underlying mechanisms and synergistic effects of the nano-particle additions on the alumina matrix. In the current study, the structure and properties of Al?O?-graphene (0.5 wt%) and Al?O?–ZrO? (4 wt% and 10 wt%) composites fabricated via hot-pressing was studied as a baseline for multiple combinations. Even though the addition of 10 wt%ZrO? resulted in a 23% reduction in the grain size of the alumina matrix, the 4 wt%ZrO? addition resulted in a 14% increase in grain size as compared to the parent alumina matrix. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that there was approximately 85% monoclinic (m-ZrO2) vs. 15% tetragonal (t-ZrO2) crystal structures in the A4ZrO? sample whilst the A10ZrO? had approximately 93% m-ZrO2 vs. 7% t-ZrO2. The high-volume fraction of the monoclinic crystal structures in the A10ZrO? accounts for the induced microcracks in the sample since the transition from the ductile-tetragonal to brittle-monoclinic is associated with the exertion of compressive stresses on the alumina matrix by the associated elastic volume expansion of m-ZrO2. Also, the addition of 0.5 wt%graphene resulted in about 37% reduction in the grain size of the alumina matrix, and approximately 10% increase in hardness as a result of the distribution of graphene along the grain boundaries of the parent alumina matrix, which restricts grain coalescence and growth during processing. Furthermore, an increase up to 115% and 164% were observed in the fracture toughness (KIC) with the inclusion of 0.5 wt%graphene and 10 wt%ZrO? respectively, which was primarily ascribed to the fine-grained microstructures and toughening mechanisms of the intergranular graphene and ZrO? particles.  相似文献   
4.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(24):34860-34868
Graphene oxide (GO) received a significant attention in the scientific community due to their excellent mechanical properties identifying themselves as an alternative and combinatory to various other metals and composites. Though GO possess excellent strength, it was observed from the literature that graphene oxide consisting of hydroxyl group elements ensue in poor bonding. Thus reduced functional group density (rFGD) graphene is preferred which has an advantage of good bonding, alongside very small quantity as a filler is required to achieve the enhancement equivalent to graphene oxide which forms the novelty of the current work. In current case, 3, 6 and 9 wt% of rFGD is dispersed into E-glass fibre reinforced composite by traditional hand layup technique. The obtained results revealed that, the tensile, flexural and impact strength have shown superior enhancement with 3 and 6 wt% of rGO than neat E-glass epoxy (0 wt% rGO), whereas an asymptotic decrement is noticed at 9 wt% when tested with ASTM standards except for impact strength. The microstructural studies also indicated the proper adhesion and alignment of fibres without any agglomerations corroborate the enhancement of properties. These overall finding supports the suitability of the developed laminates for potential use in structural applications in aerospace industry.  相似文献   
5.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(23):32521-32533
In the current report, pure V2O5, a series of Gd doped V2O5 (1 wt%, 3 wt%, 5 wt% and 10 wt%) and graphene integrated Gd–V2O5 photocatalysts have been prepared using a facile wet chemical approach. The effect of Gd+3 ions substitution and RGO support on V2O5 was studied by the different analytical techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed the orthorhombic crystal structure of synthesized samples with crystallize size in range of 22–35 nm. Morphological analysis showed nanorods and nanorod arrays like appearance of V2O5, Gd–V2O5 and GdV-2O5/RGO, respectively. Gd–V2O5 and Gd–V2O5/RGO exhibited enhanced optical response in the visible region along with decrease in the band gap values for Gd doped V2O5 samples. BET surface area of Gd–V2O5 and Gd- V2O5/RGO was calculated as 12.39 g/m2 and 15.35 g/m2 that was found to be higher than pristine V2O5. To study the photocatalytic activity of synthesized photocatalysts, methylene blue (MB) was chosen as model pollutant. Among the Gd doped V2O5 samples, highest photocatalytic activity (45.62%) was achieved by optimal concentration of 5 wt% Gd–V2O5 that is accredited to effective separation of electron-hole pairs. While Gd–V2O5/RGO showed 2.1 times higher dye removal (97.12%) than unsupported Gd–V2O5, under the visible light irradiation. The significantly high photocatalytic activity of Gd–V2O5/RGO is due to the synergistic effect aroused by combined action of Gd+3 ions doping and advantageous properties of highly conductive and large surfaced graphene. Recycling experiments for V2O5 derivatives showed good stability and recyclability of photocatalysts. Additionally, Gd–V2O5/RGO was found to be more potential anti-bacterial agent than V2O5 and Gd–V2O5.  相似文献   
6.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(22):31852-31859
The primary purpose of this work is to introduce the second phase of graphene (G) into non-stoichiometric TiO1.80 successfully and optimize the thermoelectric properties of this composite material through high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) technology. The purpose of doping Ti powder under high pressure is to create a closed reducing atmosphere to change the ratio of titanium to oxygen in the titanium oxide base. The addition of graphene can considerably improve the electrical properties of the material and reduce its resistivity. An X-ray diffractometer, X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscope were used to analyze and characterize the phase structure, chemical bond, micro morphology and crystal morphology of the samples. An abundance of grain boundaries and lattice dislocation defects can inhibit the lattice thermal conductivity. We also tested and analyzed the thermoelectric performance of the high-temperature and high-pressure synthetic samples through a variable temperature system. The variation of the absorption intensity of the ultraviolet UV spectrum with wavelength shows that high pressure can reduce the band gap, which is beneficial to the carrier transition and improves the conductivity of semiconductors. HPHT optimizes both the electrical and the thermal parameters of the sample. At a final sintering pressure of 5.0 GPa, the dimensionless figure of merit (zT) of the bulk composite material G/TiO1.80 was found to be 0.23 at 700 °C.  相似文献   
7.
The multilayer ceramic composites (MLC) consist of two ceramic materials insoluble in each other and sequentially piled in a symmetric manner whereas they can be divided into two groups: multilayer composites with weak interfaces and composites with strong interfaces. The graphene added multilayer ceramic sandwich (GMCS) composite was developed. The multilayer stack of Si3N4 with 5 and 30 wt% graphene addition were stratified in sandwich structure. So formed multilayer stacks with 5 and 7 layers were sintered by hot issostatic pressing (HIP). The homogenity of graphene addition, the effect of layered structures and the position of layers with lower and higher graphene content on the final properties were studied.  相似文献   
8.
Waveguide configurations of hierarchical system are proposed as new microstructures for composites in absorbing enhancement. Supercritical fluid (SCF) one-pot exfoliation of layered graphite and manganese oxide mixing materials is developed to obtain a hierarchical system, containing graphene nanosheets (GNS) and exfoliated manganese oxides (EMO) in different sizes. Composites with GNS–EMO embedded in epoxy resin matrix are produced for a design of dielectric and magnetic loss integrated absorber. Volume fraction of GNS–EMO in composites is given for an optimal quantity of resin epoxy in fixation and formation. The effect of mixing ratios between electric and magnetic components is provided for the design of dielectric and magnetic loss integrated absorbers. Frequency shifting phenomena are revealed in the component adjusting course. Excluding the offsetting sizes, reflection loss of composites is enhanced as thickness increases. Synergistic effect of electric and magnetic coordinated materials demonstrates the superiority of micro-waveguide structures in GNS–EMO composite absorber.  相似文献   
9.
We investigated the resistive switching characteristics of a polystyrene:ZnO–graphene quantum dots system and its potential application in a one diode-one resistor architecture of an organic memory cell. The log–log IV plot and the temperature-variable IV measurements revealed that the switching mechanism in a low-current state is closely related to thermally activated transport. The turn-on process was induced by a space-charge-limited current mechanism resulted from the ZnO–graphene quantum dots acting as charge trap sites, and charge transfer through filamentary path. The memory device with a diode presented a ∼103 ION/IOFF ratio, stable endurance cycles (102 cycles) and retention times (104 s), and uniform cell-to-cell switching. The one diode-one resistor architecture can effectively reduce cross-talk issue and realize a cross bar array as large as ∼3 kbit in the readout margin estimation. Furthermore, a specific word was encoded using the standard ASCII character code.  相似文献   
10.
In this paper, a model taking into account the effects of carrier loss mechanisms has been developed. The model simulates the photovoltaic properties of the graphene/n-type silicon Schottky barrier solar cells (G/n-Si_SBSC), and it can reproduce the experimentally determined parameters of the G/n-Si_SBSC. To overcome the low efficiencies of G/n-Si_SBSC, their performances have been optimized by modifying the work function of graphene and Si properties, accounted for variation of its thickness and doping level. The obtained results show that the work function of graphene has the major impact on the device performance. Also, the temperature dependence of the G/n-Si_SBSC performance is investigated.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号