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1.
To investigate the efficiency of clodronate modifying HA bioceramics,and to evaluate the effect of clodronate modifying HA bioceramics on the cells in vitro,clodronate modified the porous HA bioceramics for bone scaffold by chelation .The outermost layer of the specimens was analyzd by XPS and FI-IR ,The depth profile was investigated by the argon-ion sputtering method.The cell culture test was conducted using MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells,The cells were inoculated and cultured on the scaffolds.Morphological observation of the cells,MTT test and ALP activity test evaluated the cell attachment ,proliferation and activity on the scaffolds.The cell culture test in cell quantity and morphology indicated active proliferation of the cells on the scaffolds.The ALP activity of the cells cultured for 3d and 7d on clodronate-HA bioceramics was slightly higher than that on HA bioceramics ,but the difference was not signifcant,This result indicated that clodronate-HA bioeramics had favorable cytocompatibility to be used as bone scaffold with potential ability to improve asteogensis.  相似文献   
2.
The present investigation focuses on the synthesis of crabshell-derived hydroxyapatite (CS-HAP)/ water-soluble synthetic polymer—polyvinylpyrrolidone(PVP)/aloevera(AV)—a natural biopolymer, as a composite for enhanced mechanical, antibacterial and biocompatible properties. The reinforcement of polymer has a significant function in increasing the mechanical property of the composite, whereas the incorporation of AV improves the antibacterial and biocompatibility. Phase composition, morphology, mechanical property, and hydrophilicity of CS-HAP/PVP/AV biocomposite with different concentrations of PVP and AV were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), Vickers microhardness tests, contact angle, respectively. Furthermore, the antibacterial efficiency of the composite is assessed using Escherichia coli (E coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus). The biocompatibility of HOS MG 63 cells on the CS-HAP/PVP/AV composite is evaluated by MTT assay test. The obtained results evidence that the as-synthesized composite have appropriate mechanical, antibacterial and biocompatible properties. Overall, the combination of mechanical property of PVP, antibacterial and biocompatible property of AV in CS-HAP/PVP/AV, makes the composite a potential therapeutic material for various biomedical applications.  相似文献   
3.
含锶羟基磷灰石的湿法合成与结构稳定性   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
含锶羟基磷灰石的骨缺损修复效果优于羟基磷灰石。采用湿法合成含锶羟基磷灰石和羟基磷灰石,分别在300℃,600℃,900℃热处理。用Rigaku D/max-3C型X射线衍射仪(XRD),PE1760.X傅氏红外光谱仪(IR)和X射线散射能谱(EDX)分析粉样和片样的成分,用S-2700扫描电镜(SEM)观察形貌。结果表明:锶使羟基磷灰石的晶面间距变大,热稳定性变差,900℃热处理分解出β-Ca3(PO4)2和CaO2含锶羟基磷灰石的OH^-红外吸收峰弱于羟基磷灰石,但两者的Off和PO4^3-峰位置接近;含锶羟基磷灰石在模拟体液中的溶解.再结晶过程强于羟基磷灰石。  相似文献   
4.
Modification of hydroxyapatite surfaces can improve the properties of biomedical devices. The objective of this work was to encapsulate hydroxyapatite particles with a fluorapatite layer. A suspension of hydroxyapatite microspheres was prepared in a solution at different pH and treated with ammonium fluoride. pH, calcium, and fluoride were monitored in real time and particles subjected to fluoride analysis. After addition of fluoride, it was found that more material is released from the particle surface at low pH conditions, but leads to a high fluoride uptake from solution. Low solution fluoride levels produce a fluorapatite layer, but higher fluoride levels produce calcium fluoride.  相似文献   
5.
Magnetic hyperthermia (HT) using biocompatible ceramics is a ground-breaking, competent, and safe thermo-therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. The magnetic properties of bioceramics, along with their structure and synthesis parameters, are responsible for the controlled heating of malignant tumors and are the key to clinical success. After providing a brief overview of magnetism and its significance in biomedicine, this review deals with materials selection and synthesis methods of bioceramics/glasses used for HT. Relevant research carried out on promising bioceramics for magnetic HT, with a focus on their size, shape, surface functionalization, magnetic field parameters, and in vitro/in vivo properties to optimize cancer therapy, is also discussed. Recent progress in magnetic HT combined with chemotherapy and phototherapy is especially highlighted, with the aim to provide interdisciplinary knowledge to advance further the applications of bioceramics in this field.  相似文献   
6.
For successful osseointegration of load-bearing implants, an improved bone–implant contact area through a trabecular porous surface resulting in minimized stress shielding effect is highly desirable. We propose a novel strategy of green net shaping a ceramic dough, combined with a reticular foam replica method and gradient coating, to fabricate biomimetic porosity in a customizable ceramic dental implant for the first time. About 85 vol% porosity and 300–600-μm pore size were evident in microCT and electron microscopy of the sintered samples, suitable for bone ingrowth. Excellent integrity at the interface along with homogeneous distribution of secondary alumina phase in zirconia matrix was achieved, despite the difference in the green state powder loading between the dough and the slurry.  相似文献   
7.
探索了TCP/HA基多孔生物陶瓷的配料组成,确定了较优制备条件,并通过X-射线衍射分析及SEM等揭示了材料的矿物组成及显微结构。制备出有望用于临床的多孔生物陶瓷材料  相似文献   
8.
The cyclic fatigue life of zirconia bioceramic was determined under biaxial flexion using disk-shaped specimens. The fatigue life was not reduced by subjecting the material to a simulated physiological environment nor was it affected by testing at different loading frequencies. Tests performed at different stress ratios produced a large degree of scatter in the data but a statistical analysis proved that there was no significant effect on the fatigue life of the material. Failure of disk specimens was initiated either by flaws introduced during manufacturing or by the more typical inherent flaws commonly observed in ceramics. The former generally resulted in premature, low-stress failures on initial loading whereas the latter acted as initiating defects for fatigue cracks that then propagated to failure. The distributions of the two categories of flaw were analyzed using two- and three-parameter Weibull probability functions. It became clear that the Weibull modulus for the fatigue failures was consistent with previously reported work on other ceramics.  相似文献   
9.
A new ceramic dental mold can cast excellent Ti restoratives by controlling expansion due to the oxidation of additive metal particles. The packing structure of the metal and aggregate particles in the mold can be considered a function of the size distribution of the aggregate grains. An investigation of the expansion mechanism reveals three different relationships of void fraction versus linear thermal expansion for the molds at the high temperature under which oxidation of the metal particles occurs. Room-temperature casting, favorable for making high-quality Ti restoratives, can also be achieved by precisely controlling both the amount of additive metal powder and the compositional distribution of aggregate grain sizes in the mold.  相似文献   
10.
A method is described for preparing hydroxyapatite strengthened with a glass phase. The properties of the composites obtained containing both biological and synthetic hydroxyapatite are studied. Characteristics of the test materials such as pycnometric density, volumetric porosity, biological solubility, and mechanical strength are determined.  相似文献   
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