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1.
The conversion of food industry by-products to compounds with high added value is nowadays a significant topic, for social, environmental, and economic reasons. In this paper, calcium phosphate-based materials were obtained from black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo) bones and grey triggerfish (Balistes capriscus) skin, which are two of the most abundant fish by-products of Madeira Island. Different calcination temperatures between 400 and 1000°C were employed. Materials obtained from calcination of bones of black scabbard fish were composed by homogeneous mixtures of hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, HAp) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-Ca3(PO4)2, β-TCP). Because of the high biocompatibility of HAp and the good resorbability of β-TCP, these natural biphasic materials could be very relevant in the field of biomaterials, as bone grafts. The ratio between HAp and β-TCP in the biphasic compound was dependent on the calcination temperature. Differently, the material obtained from skin of grey triggerfish contained HAp as the main phase, together with small amounts of other mineral phases, such as halite and rhenanite, which are known to enhance osteogenesis when used as bone substitutes. In both cases, the increase of calcination temperature led to an increase in the particles size with a consequent decrease in their specific surface area. These results demonstrate that from the fish by-products of the most consumed fishes in Madeira Island it is possible to obtain bioceramic materials with tunable composition and particle morphology, which could be promising materials for the biomedical field.  相似文献   
2.
Bioactive glasses (BGs) have been used for bone formation and bone repair processes in recent years. This study investigated the titanium substitution effect on 58S BGs (Ti-BGs) 60SiO2-(36 − X)CaO-4P2O5-XTiO2 (X = 0, 3, and 5 mol.%) prepared by the sol-gel technique, and the main goal was to find the optimum amount of titanium in Ti-BGs. Synthesized BGs, which were investigated after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF), were tested by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy. Moreover alkaline phosphate (ALP) activity, 3-(4,5dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and antibacterial studies were employed to investigate the biological properties of Ti-BGs. According to the FTIR and XRD test results, hydroxyapatite (HA) formation on Ti-BGs surfaces was confirmed. Meanwhile, the presence of 5 mol.% compared to 3 mol.% increased the HA grain distribution and their size on the Ti-BGs surface. Additionally, MTT and ALP results confirmed that the optimal amount of titanium substitution in BG was 5 mol.%. Since 5 mol.% Ti incorporated BG (BG-5) had the highest biocompatibility level, antibacterial properties, maximum cell proliferation, and ALP activity among the synthesized Ti-BGs, it is presented as the best candidate for further in vivo investigations.  相似文献   
3.
4.
1Introduction Scaffoldmaterialsplayaveryimportantroleintissue engineering,whichisaimedtoprovidereplacementsfor damagedorlosttissuesandorgans.Naturalbone,which formsinapre organizedbiopolymericmatrixthroughthe processofbiomineralization,exhibitsanexcellent…  相似文献   
5.
1Introduction Biodegradablehydrogelshadattractedmuchattentioninrecentyearsduetotheiruniquecombinationofproper ties,suchasbiocompatibility,permeability,hydrophilici ty,andlowcoefficientoffriction[1].Poly(vinylalcohol)(PVA)waswater solubleanddegradable[2].I…  相似文献   
6.
1Introduction HA(hydroxyapatite)wasakindofbioactiveceram ics,whichhadexcellentbiocompatibilityandtissueaffin ityinthatitscomponentsweresimilartothoseofhuman bone[1].Soitwasthebestknownhumanbonesubstitute,andunprecedentedeffecthadbeenharvestedinrecenttwo d…  相似文献   
7.
To investigate the efficiency of clodronate modifying HA bioceramics,and to evaluate the effect of clodronate modifying HA bioceramics on the cells in vitro,clodronate modified the porous HA bioceramics for bone scaffold by chelation .The outermost layer of the specimens was analyzd by XPS and FI-IR ,The depth profile was investigated by the argon-ion sputtering method.The cell culture test was conducted using MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells,The cells were inoculated and cultured on the scaffolds.Morphological observation of the cells,MTT test and ALP activity test evaluated the cell attachment ,proliferation and activity on the scaffolds.The cell culture test in cell quantity and morphology indicated active proliferation of the cells on the scaffolds.The ALP activity of the cells cultured for 3d and 7d on clodronate-HA bioceramics was slightly higher than that on HA bioceramics ,but the difference was not signifcant,This result indicated that clodronate-HA bioeramics had favorable cytocompatibility to be used as bone scaffold with potential ability to improve asteogensis.  相似文献   
8.
Nano-particle hydroxyapatite ( HA ) was prepared with a novel ultrasonic precipitation process and the as-prepared nanopowder was used to produce hydroxyapatite ( HA ) coatings on titanium substrate via plasma spraying. The phase and the microstructare of the coating were characterized by X- ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results showed that spherical particles could be prepared by ultrasonic precipitation process; and a corresponding dense HA coating with molten surface and low-porosity cross-section structure was acquired. During the plasma spraying process, new phases of Ca3 ( PO4 )2 and Ca2 P2O7 were generated. After heat-treating at 800℃ for 1 h, the contents of Ca3 ( PO4 )2 and Ca2 P2O7 decreased while HA content increased. Tensile adhesion tests showed that the plasma sprayed coating prepared with the spherical nanoparticles exhibited high tensile bond strength.  相似文献   
9.
A hydroxyapatite (HA)/collagen (COL) composite coating on NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) was prepared by eletrochemical deposition (ELD) in modified simulated body fluid (MSBF). To draw comparisons of physical characteristics and bioactivity of the composite coating, the HA/COL composite coating was also prepared by chemically biomimetic growth (BG) and the ELD coating was re-soaked in MSBF again for further biomimetic growth (called EBG method in this paper). It was indicated that the c-axis of HA crystals was oriented parallel to the longitudinal direction of the COL fibril in BG and EBG coating, which could not found in ELD coating. The EBG method could induce a denser, thicker and better crystallized HA/COL coating. The cell culture test indicated that the BG coating presented better cell biocompatibility.  相似文献   
10.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of the natural hydroxyapatite powder for anionic dye (Congo red) elimination from water and optimization of adsorption process parameters that are contact time (0-360 min), solution pH (4-9), initial dye concentration (400-2400 mg/l), and adsorbent dosage (0.4-20 g/l). Natural hydroxyapatite with high surface area was prepared from animal agriculture waste dromedary bone. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, transform infrared spectroscopy, and elemental analysis characterizations of the powder prepared show a hexagonal structure, the irregular form of hydroxyapatite and presence of other elements as trace element. The results of adsorption tests demonstrated the high efficiency of natural hydroxyapatite for removal of Congo red from water solution whose maximum experimental capacity adsorption of Congo red by natural hydroxyapatite is 900 mg/g at pH 4.5, equilibrium time 240 min and adsorbent dosage 2 g/l. According to the correlation coefficient value, the pseudo-second order kinetic model identified the sorption mechanism of pollutant used on natural hydroxyapatite. The Freundlich isotherm is the best representative theoretical model of the dye molecules’ adsorption on the natural hydroxyapatite support.  相似文献   
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