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排序方式: 共有273条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(17):24471-24475
Al2O3–SiC composite powder (ASCP) was successfully synthesized using a novel molten-salt-assisted aluminum/carbothermal reduction (MS-ACTR) method with silica fume, aluminum powder, and carbon black as raw materials; NaCl–KCl was used as the molten salt medium. The effects of the synthesis temperature and salt-reactant ratio on the phase composition and microstructure were investigated. The results showed that the Al2O3–SiC content increased with an increase in molten salt temperature, and the salt–reactant ratio in the range of 1.5:1–2.5:1 had an impact on the fabrication of ASCP. The optimum condition for synthesizing ASCP from NaCl–KCl molten salt consisted of maintaining the temperature at 1573 K for 4 h. The chemical reaction thermodynamics and growth mechanism indicate that the molten salt plays an important role in the formation of SiC whiskers by following the vapor-solid growth mode in the MS-ACTR treatment. This study demonstrates that the addition of molten salt as a reaction medium is a promising approach for synthesizing high-melting-point composite powders at low temperatures.  相似文献   
2.
《材料科学技术学报》2019,35(7):1309-1314
Degenerate pattern is a seemingly disordered morphology but it exhibits the inherently ordered crystal connected with tip-splitting and limited stability which makes it difficult to observe in the metallic system. Here we employ (100)[011] orientated planar-front seeds using directional solidification and reveal the fundamental origins of the degenerate pattern growth in an Al-4.5 wt% Cu alloy. We find that the spacing of the tip-splitting (λ) in the degenerate of the alloys followed a power law, λV−0.5, and the frequency (f) of the splitting was related to the growth velocity (V) by ƒ∝V1.5. The dimensionless growth direction (θ/θ0) increased monotonously and approached 0.6 with faster velocity, attributed to its anisotropy in the interface kinetics. Once growth velocity exceeded a threshold, two types of pattern transitions from degenerate to regular dendrites were proposed. One of them exhibited a random and chaotic mode and the other underwent a rotation in growth direction.  相似文献   
3.
Densification and nature of α-ferrite γ-austenite interface associated with the spark plasma sintering (SPS) of SAF 2205 reinforced with TiN nanoparticles was investigated. The sintering data obtained during SPS was used to evaluate the densification mechanism. EBSD and TKD technique were used to characterize the SAF 2205 composite. The grain and grain boundary properties were evaluated using nanoindentation technique. Three densification stages relating to particles rearrangement, bulk deformation and rapid densification of the SAF 2205 composite was observed during SPS. The EBSD revealed a reverse ferrite to austenite phase transformation and a refined microstructure after SPS. TKD analysis of the grain boundary showed nanosized sintered-in nitride coexisting with ferrite and austenite upon sintering at α/γ interface but also at α/α and γ/γ interfaces. TKD-EDS compositional mapping revealed Ti-rich grain boundary. Nanoindentation experiments reveal that the TiN dominated grain boundaries exhibit lower penetration depths, an indication of higher hardness and modulus.  相似文献   
4.
In this work, mesoporous WS2 with high surface area was prepared by hard template method. First, a one-step nanocasting generates metal precursor@mesoporous silica SBA-15 composites. A hydrothermal method is subsequently adopted to convert the precursors to sulfides in the confined nanochannels. After etching silica SBA-15, mesoporous layered metal sulfide crystals were obtained as the products. Then, we have put forward a new catalyst based on mesoporous WS2, RGO nanosheets and Pt nanoparticles as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution. The Pt/WG-2 nanostructure electrocatalyst in this report exhibits excellent performance with a small Tafel slope of 47 mV dec?1, long-term durability and an overpotential of 95 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).  相似文献   
5.
The potentials and limitations of a halide-activated pack cementation process on SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites for the development of bond coats as part of environmental barrier coating (EBCs) systems were investigated. Different pack compositions using chromium, aluminum and alloys of these elements were tested and the kinetics of coating formation were examined in addition to their microstructure. The results and their analogy to diffusion couples were discussed and it was shown that coating elements which form silicides and carbides are promising candidates for coatings deposited on SiC/SiC via pack cementation. Based on such considerations a two-step pack cementation was proposed, which used chromium, one of the suitable elements, in a first step, to finally achieve an alumina-forming coating. The oxidation resistance of the developed coating was tested via thermogravimetric analysis and compared to the uncoated material. The coating protected the fiber-matrix interface of the SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites from oxidation.  相似文献   
6.
采用光学显微镜、透射电镜和X射线衍射等研究了固溶处理对2101节镍型双相不锈钢连铸坯边部试样的组织、相比例和力学性能的影响。结果表明:在1050~1150℃固溶处理时,双相不锈钢具有很好的高温塑性;在1000~1150℃温度范围,随着温度的升高,实验钢的断面收缩率和铁素体相比例先减小后增加;随着固溶温度增加,实验钢的抗拉强度逐渐降低,但在1050℃时有所增加,这是由于在此温度固溶过程中,铸态试样相界处Cr2N析出相完全溶解,使得大量的N原子集中在相界处,促进了相界附近的铁素体相发生相变,转变成奥氏体相,导致在此1050℃时实验钢铁素体相的比例减小,断面收缩率减小,抗拉强度增加。  相似文献   
7.
This work aimed to investigate and critically analyze the differences in microstructural features and thermal stability of Cu−11.3Al−3.2Ni−3.0Mn−0.5Zr shape memory alloy processed by selective laser melting (SLM) and conventional powder metallurgy. PM specimens were produced by sintering 106−180 µm pre-alloyed powders under an argon atmosphere at 1060 °C without secondary operations. SLM specimens were consolidated through melting 32−106 µm pre-alloyed powders on a Cu−10Sn substrate. Mechanical properties were measured through Vickers hardness testing. Differential scanning calorimetry was conducted to assess the martensitic transformation temperatures. X-ray diffraction patterns were collected to identify the metallurgical phases. Optical and scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the microstructural features. β1 martensite was found, irrespective of the processing route, although coarser martensitic variants were present in PM-specimens. In conventional powder metallurgy samples, intergranular eutectoid constituents and stabilized austenite also formed at room temperature. PM-specimens showed similar average hardness values to the SLM-specimens, albeit with high standard deviation linked to the porosity. The specimens processed by SLM showed reversible martensitic transformation (T0=171 °C). PM-processed specimens did not show shape memory effects.  相似文献   
8.
Improving the absorption of visible light, accelerating the separation of carries and reducing the recombination of electron-hole pairs are critical to enhance photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance of ZnFe2O4. Herein, the ZnFe2O4/Ag/Ag2S films are firstly prepared with a photocurrent density of 0.91 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE, which is 9.10 times higher than that of pristine ZnFe2O4 (0.10 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE). On the basis, Co-Pi cocatalyst is deposited on ZnFe2O4/Ag/Ag2S to further optimize PEC performance of ZnFe2O4, the photocurrent density of ZnFe2O4/Ag/Ag2S/Co-Pi is 1.18 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE. The improved PEC performance of ZnFe2O4/Ag/Ag2S/Co-Pi films could be attributed to: (i) fast transmission of electron-hole pairs owing to 1D ZnFe2O4 NRs; (ii) surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of Ag nanoparticles; (ⅲ) visible light absorption is improved by sensitization of Ag2S nanoparticles; (ⅳ) Co-Pi cocatalyst decreases the recombination of electron-hole pairs by capturing holes. This work provides new insights for metal plasmas, sensitizers and cocatalysts synergistically modify photoanodes for efficient PEC water splitting.  相似文献   
9.
The Pre-Caspian basin is one of the most prolific in terms of oil and gas exploration and hydrogen and carbon compounds energy production around the world. The major hydrogen and carbon compounds reservoirs are Carboniferous reef and platform hydrogen-carbonate rocks. The original fluids under subsurface conditions contain 15% hydrogen sulfide and 4% carbon dioxide. Acid hydrogen and carbon compounds reinjection is not only an environmentally friendly solution for disposal of produced greenhouse gases but also enhances oil recovery and supplies more fuel energy. On the other hand, the presence of fractures makes hydrogen-carbonate reservoir characteristics nature more complicated than conventional sandstone reservoirs, which leads to a tremendous challenge to evaluate the gas injection process. In this work, a dual-porosity dual-permeability formulation was used to model the dual-medium nature incorporating matrix system with high porosity and low permeability and fracture network with low porosity and high permeability. After matching PVT experiments, a ten pseudo-components fluid model was generated for running compositional simulation. The miscible hydrogen and carbon compounds injection was simulated as an effective enhanced oil recovery approach. Sensitivity analysis such as timing of injection gas, injection rate, well spacing and completion interval have proposed the optimal condition for the miscible hydrogen and carbon compounds flooding. The recommended optimum hydrogen and carbon compounds injection scenario is twice higher oil recovery compared with natural depletion. The results of this study illustrate further the practicability of pseudo-components splitting and lumping for compositional simulation to evaluate the performance of hydrogen and carbon compounds injection processes, and are of great importance using the dual-porosity dual-permeability method performing numerical simulation of naturally fractured hydrogen-carbonate reservoirs.  相似文献   
10.
Content, evolution and diffusion characteristics of water and gases in fine-crystalline spinel MgAl2O4 were studied by kinetic thermodesoption mass spectrometry. Water is the main volatile component by quantity in the spinel structure. From the spinel crystals with an average size of 0.52 μm, water is released in vacuum in three temperature ranges: at 100–200 °C due to desorption from micropores, at 300–600 °C due to near-surface dehydroxylation and at 500–800 °C due to diffusion of water from the crystal bulk. The content of structural water, diffusively released from the crystals, is about 3000 ppm. The coefficients and activation energy of diffusion of water from spinel crystals in the range 500–700 °C were calculated. This allows us to estimate at any temperature the degassing time of the spinel with a certain degree of dispersion and ceramics made of it, and thereby promote the production of high-quality ceramics.  相似文献   
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