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1.
为了探讨氮含量及固溶温度对21-6-9不锈钢组织和硬度的影响,分别在950、1000、1050和1100 ℃对3种不同氮含量的热轧态21-6-9不锈钢进行1 h固溶处理,通过光学显微镜观察其组织结构,结合Thermo-Calc热力学计算对试验钢的微观组织进行分析,并对其进行硬度测试。结果表明,0.20%~0.28%N的21-6-9不锈钢热轧后沿轧制方向析出铁素体,且钢中铁素体经950~1100 ℃固溶处理可消除,当N含量达到0.34%时,试验钢中不再出现铁素体。随着固溶处理温度的升高,21-6-9不锈钢的晶粒组织长大,硬度降低。N含量的增加可显著提高固溶态21-6-9不锈钢的硬度,其增加程度随固溶处理温度的升高而减弱。  相似文献   
2.
为获得设计需要的巨型水轮发电机剪断销的剪切力,得到剪切力波动受控的批量剪断销,通过拉伸试验、冲击试验、硬度试验和剪断销剪切试验等讨论了全尺寸剪断销剪切试验的可行性,分析了剪切试验时正常剪断和非正常剪断的剪断销材料性能差异,探究了剪断销的剪切力质量稳定性控制方法。结果表明:控制剪断销料坯的布氏硬度波动,可实现间接控制剪断销剪切强度的波动;通过试验总结的六步法可达到控制批量剪断销质量和剪切力波动的目的。  相似文献   
3.
B4C-TiB2 ceramics (TiB2 ranging 5~70 vol%) with Mo-Co-WC as the sintering additive were prepared by spark plasma sintering. In comparison with B4C-TiB2 without additive, the enhanced densification was evident in the sintered specimen with Mo-Co-WC additive. Core-rim structured grain was observed around TiB2 grains. The interface of the rim between TiB2 and B4C phases demonstrated different feature: the inner borderline of the rim exhibited a smooth feature, whereas a sharp curved grain boundary was observed between the rim and the B4C grain. The formation mechanism is discussed: the epitaxial growth of (Ti,Mo,W)B2 rim around the TiB2 core may occur as a result of the solid solution and dissolution-precipitation between TiB2 phase and the sintering additive. It was revealed that the fracture toughness increased as the content of TiB2 content increased, alongside the decreased hardness. B4C-30 vol% TiB2 specimen demonstrated the optimal combination of mechanical properties, reaching Vickers hardness of 24.3 GPa and fracture toughness of 3.33 MPa·m1/2.  相似文献   
4.
CrAlYN coatings with different Y contents (0, 5 and 12 at.%) were deposited by cathodic arc evaporation to investigate the influence of Y-addition on the structure, mechanical and thermal properties of CrAlN coatings by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis and nanoindentation. The structural transformation of single phase cubic Cr0.42Al0.58N and Cr0.39Al0.56Y0.05N coatings to cubic–wurtzite mixed Cr0.32Al0.56Y0.12N coating leads to a drop in hardness from (30.2±0.7) GPa of Cr0.42Al0.58N and (32.0±1.0) GPa of Cr0.39Al0.56Y0.05N to (25.2±0.7) GPa of Cr0.32Al0.56Y0.12N. The incorporation of 5 at.% Y retards the thermal decomposition of CrAlN, verified by the postponed precipitation of w-AlN and N-loss upon annealing. Correspondingly, Cr0.39Al0.56Y0.05N coating consistently exhibits the highest hardness value during thermal annealing. Nevertheless, alloying with Y exerts an adverse effect on the oxidation resistance of CrAlN.  相似文献   
5.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(4):5338-5351
This study aimed to investigate experimentally the repeated low-velocity impact behaviors of SiC reinforced aluminum 6061 metal-matrix composites for different volume fractions and energy levels. In addition, the hardness variations were measured by the Vickers hardness tests from the impacted and impact-free cross-sections of the particle reinforced metal-matrix composites. Low-velocity impact tests were applied to composite samples manufactured by powder metallurgy (in 10, 20, and 30% volume fractions) at two total energy levels (15 and 60 J as single) and in repetitions equal to the sum of these energy levels (5 + 5 + 5 and 20 + 20 + 20 J as repeated). As a result, in increasing the impact number for all volume fractions, the total contact time was shortened and the peak contact force increased, whereas both the permanent central deflection and the absorbed energies reduced. Hence, these variations obtained under repeated impacts (5 + 5 + 5 and 20 + 20 + 20 J) revealed that metal-matrix composites showed a tougher behavior with an increase in the impact numbers from 1st to 3rd, particularly because of the strain hardening effect. Furthermore, an increase in volume fraction from 10 to 30% resulted in an increase in the impact strength under all repeated and single impacts despite changing deformation and damage mechanisms due to increasing the strain hardening effect and particle fractures. The hardness was affected by the volume fraction and increased as the volume fraction increased in both the impacted and impact-free zones. The repeated impact increased the impacted zone hardness more than the single impact for all volume fractions. Additionally, the hardness of the impacted zone under 20 + 20 + 20 J repeated impact was measured as the highest value in the 30% volume fraction. Therefore, metal-matrix composites can behave harder with the strain hardening effect under repeated impacts.  相似文献   
6.
The fashionable Parr–Pearson (PP) atoms-in-molecule/bonding (AIM/AIB) approach for determining the exchanged charge necessary for acquiring an equalized electronegativity within a chemical bond is refined and generalized here by introducing the concepts of chemical power within the chemical orthogonal space (COS) in terms of electronegativity and chemical hardness. Electronegativity and chemical hardness are conceptually orthogonal, since there are opposite tendencies in bonding, i.e., reactivity vs. stability or the HOMO-LUMO middy level vs. the HOMO-LUMO interval (gap). Thus, atoms-in-molecule/bond electronegativity and chemical hardness are provided for in orthogonal space (COS), along with a generalized analytical expression of the exchanged electrons in bonding. Moreover, the present formalism surpasses the earlier Parr–Pearson limitation to the context of hetero-bonding molecules so as to also include the important case of covalent homo-bonding. The connections of the present COS analysis with PP formalism is analytically revealed, while a numerical illustration regarding the patterning and fragmentation of chemical benchmarking bondings is also presented and fundamental open questions are critically discussed.  相似文献   
7.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(8):11064-11073
CaCu3Ti3.925(Nb0.5Al0.5)0.075O12 [CCTNAO] ceramics were synthesized by microwave assisted solid state reaction technique. CCTNAO ceramics possessed room temperature (RT) dielectric constant (εr) ~ 24,173 with tanδ ~0.149 at 1 kHz frequency. Commercially available epoxy-resin, hardener, Al-powder along with CCTNAO powder were used to prepare epoxy based 0–3 composites. Maximum εr ~33.37 with tanδ ~0.107 at RT were obtained for 40 vol% CCTNAO loading in epoxy. For x = 0.2 in (1-x)[0.8 Epoxy-0.2 CCTNAO]-x Al Epoxy composites, highest εr ~77.6 with tanδ ~ 0.15 at 1 kHz frequency were observed. Increase in εr with the increase of Al filler content in composites is attributed to interfacial polarization and cluster formations. Different theoretical models were discussed to explain the dielectric properties of synthesized composites. Experimentally measured values of εeff were in close agreement with EMT model (n = 0.13) and Yamada Model (η = 7). An empirical proposed power law εeff = εm(1+x)n, with n ~ 10 had a considerable agreement with the experimental results. Vickers hardness test study was carried out to ascertain the mechanical properties of the synthesized composites.  相似文献   
8.
Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coatings were produced on AZ80 magnesium alloy in a solution containing silicates and phosphates and working at high current densities with short treatment times. The effect of a sealing treatment in boiling water on corrosion and mechanical properties of the coatings were investigated. Moreover, the corrosion mechanism of the samples with and without the sealing treatment was evaluated. The microstructure of the coatings was characterized with scanning electron microscope observation and X‐ray diffraction analysis. The mechanical properties were evaluated with nanoindentation tests and the corrosion resistance was studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and scanning vibrating electrode technique. The results showed that the sealing did not influence the microstructure and the mechanical properties of the samples and instead produced a remarkable increase in the corrosion resistance. The crevice corrosion, present in the sample without the sealing, was avoided with the treatment in boiling water.  相似文献   
9.
目的建立快速检测水质总硬度的检测方法。方法基于工厂实际生产需求,采用快速试纸条方法对工厂内使用的配料用水、清洗用水、源水的总硬度进行检测,并通过方法优劣性分析、适用性验证、准确性验证、精密度验证等维度进行分析总结,同时与国标方法进行结果差异对比。结果通过对4个维度的实验证明,快速试纸条法检测结果与国标方法对比无显著差异。结论本研究中试纸条快速检测方法,可以满足生产过程中配料用水、清洗用水、源水的质量检测。  相似文献   
10.
目的优化燕麦-玫瑰酱-牦牛酸奶酥的制作工艺。方法以牦牛酸奶作为主要原料,燕麦、玫瑰酱、白砂糖、柠檬酸为试验因素,结合真空冷冻干燥技术制成牦牛酸奶酥。通过单因素试验分析4个因素对产品感官评分和硬度的影响。在此基础上采用响应面法对燕麦-玫瑰酱-牦牛酸奶酥的制作工艺进行优化。结果燕麦-玫瑰酱-牦牛酸奶酥最佳工艺参数为:燕麦添加量24%,白砂糖添加量14%,玫瑰酱添加量7.7%,柠檬酸添加量0.2%,综合感官评分为81.23分,和最佳工艺理论值相近。结论经过优化条件制作的燕麦-玫瑰酱-牦牛酸奶酥呈米黄色或粉色,质地均匀,软硬度适中,具有牦牛酸奶特有的风味和浓郁的燕麦、玫瑰香味,可为相关的产品加工提供理论参考。  相似文献   
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