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1.
Efficient and sustainable Janus catalysts toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are highly desirable for future hydrogen production via water electrolysis. Herein we report an active Janus electrocatalyst of amorphous-crystalline cobalt-molybdenum bimetallic phosphide heterostructured nanosheets on nickel foam (CoMoP/CoP/NF) for efficient electrolysis of alkaline water. As-reported CoMoP/CoP/NF consists of amorphous bimetal phosphide nanosheets doped with crystalline CoMoP/CoP heterostructured nanoparticles on NF. It can efficiently catalyze both HER (η = 127 mV@100 mA cm?2) and OER (η = 308 mV@100 mA cm?2) in alkaline electrolyte with long-term durability. Serving as anode and cathode of water electrolyzer, CoMoP/CoP/NF generates electrolytic current of 10, 50 and 100 mA cm?2 at low voltage of 1.50, 1.59, and 1.67 V, respectively.  相似文献   
2.
The design of an efficient non-noble metal catalyst is of burgeoning interest for ammonia synthesis. Herein, we report a Mo2C/CeO2 catalyst that is superior in ammonia synthesis activity. In this catalyst, molybdenum carbide coexisted with the ceria overlayers which is from the ceria support as the strong metal–support interaction. There is a high proportion of low-valent Mo species, as well as high concentration of Ce3+ and surface oxygen species. The presence of Mo2C and CeO2 overlayers not only leads to enhancement of hydrogen and nitrogen adsorption, but also facilitates the desorption and exchange of adsorbed species with the gaseous reagents. Compared with the Mo/CeO2 catalyst prepared without carbonization, the Mo2C/CeO2 catalyst is more than sevenfold higher in ammonia synthesis rate. This work not only presents an explicit example of designing Mo-based catalyst that is highly efficient for ammonia synthesis by tuning the adsorption and desorption properties of the reactant gases, but opens a perspective for other elements in ammonia synthesis.  相似文献   
3.
目的 调查河北、湖北、四川三省畜禽养殖场粪污样品中硒、钼的含量。方法 采集河北、湖北、四川三省206个养殖场的422个样品, 干清粪和水泡粪样品经过65 ℃烘干至恒重后, 粉碎或研磨, 过0.25 mm样品筛, 进行微波消解处理后, 赶酸定容至50 mL容量瓶中, 用电感耦合等离子质谱仪对硒、钼元素进行测定。污水样直接进行微波消解处理后, 赶酸定容至50 mL容量瓶中, 用电感耦合等离子质谱仪对硒、钼元素进行测定。结果 3个省份的猪场、鸡场和牛场的干清粪样品中不同程度的检出了硒或钼的含量; 污水样品和水泡粪样品中均未检出硒和钼的含量。结论 河北、四川、湖北三省养猪场、养鸡场和养牛场的粪污再利用过程中可能会对环境造成一定的污染, 应当进行相应处理后再进行利用。  相似文献   
4.
An experimental setup has been designed and realized in order to optimize the characteristics of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy system working in various pressure environments. An approach combined the normalization methods with the partial least squares(PLS) method are developed for quantitative analysis of molybdenum(Mo) element in the multi-component alloy,which is the first wall material in the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak. In this study, the different spectral normalization methods(total spectral area normalization,background normalization, and reference line normalization) are investigated for reducing the uncertainty and improving the accuracy of spectral measurement. The results indicates that the approach of PLS based on inter-element interference is significantly better than the conventional PLS methods as well as the univariate linear methods in the various pressure for molybdenum element analysis.  相似文献   
5.
The effect of Mo on the corrosion behavior of Ni20Cr–xMo alloys in an oxidizing chlorine-containing atmosphere using air mixed with the salt-vapor mixture of NaCl–KCl–CaCl2 at 570°C was investigated. The results revealed that the corrosion performance of the Ni20Cr alloys in the oxidizing chlorine atmosphere was improved by Mo addition of up to 3 wt%. The Mo-free alloy formed a potassium chromate during corrosion as a result of the reaction between the Cr2O3 scale and KCl vapor. The chromate formation increased the chlorine potential at the scale surface and induced the breakdown of the protective Cr2O3 scale, resulting in internal chromium chloride precipitates and a Cr-depleted zone. In contrast, the presence of Mo resulted in the formation of a NiO scale, which did not react with the salt vapors and, therefore, prevented the formation of chromates. The beneficial effect of Mo on the high-temperature chlorination of Ni–Cr alloys in salt-vapor-containing atmospheres was ascribed to the suppression of chlorine generation due to NiO scale formation.  相似文献   
6.
施强  王春帅  毕炳坤  王琦 《矿产勘查》2020,11(12):2742-2748
豫西熊耳山雷门沟钼矿床位于东秦岭多金属成矿带东段,是已探明的超大型斑岩型钼矿,前人研究程度高、地质成果丰硕,但对矿床开采技术条件方面研究较少。本次通过地质调查工程、水文地质试验等方法,从水文地质角度,对雷门沟钼矿床水文地质条件进行研究,填补了该方面的空白,丰富了研究成果;采用水文地质比拟法预测未来矿坑最大排水量2613 m3/d,经实践检验结果较为可靠;总结的采坑排水量预测方法、含水层特点、矿床充水因素以及防治水措施,以期对该区域水文地质工作具有参考价值。  相似文献   
7.
肖舜元 《矿冶工程》2020,40(6):55-58
河南某高滑石型钼铁矿采用先脱滑石后浮选钼工艺,为综合回用尾矿库白钨选矿回水、缓解该地区选矿用水紧缺的问题,对白钨选矿回水用于钼矿选矿进行了试验研究,结果表明: 直接使用白钨选矿回水进行脱泥浮选,造成钼损失过大; 使用白钨选矿回水磨矿后将矿浆pH值调至6,对脱泥粗精矿产品添加CF抑制剂进行脱泥精选,最终闭路试验得到钼损失率4.52%、钼粗精矿品位4.23%、回收率75.85%的良好指标,白钨选矿回水得以利用。  相似文献   
8.
利用简单的一步水热法制备了MoS2纳米片并用于修饰不锈钢纤维毡阳极(MoS2-SSFF),与未修饰不锈钢纤维毡阳极(SSFF)和多壁碳纳米管修饰阳极(CNT-SSFF)进行了对比研究。装配MFC运行的测试结果表明,MoS2-SSFF/MFC的功率密度为714 m W/m2,略高于CNT-SSFF/MFC的功率密度693 m W/m2,远高于未修饰SSFF/MFC的功率密度197 m W/m2。利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)观察到MoS2纳米片呈簇状附着于MoS2-SSFF电极表面,显著增加了电极的比表面积。MoS2纳米片修饰改善了SSFF阳极的生物相容性,修饰电极在循环伏安测试(CV)中表现出良好的氧化还原性能。水热法制备的MoS2纳米片用于修饰阳极是一种高效、经济、简单的阳极修饰方法。  相似文献   
9.
The synergistic effects of activated carbon (AC) and molybdenum oxide (MoO3) in improving the flame retardancy of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) were investigated. The effects of AC, MoO3 and their mixture with a mass ratio of 1:1 on the flame retardancy and smoke suppression properties of PVC were studied using the limiting oxygen index and cone calorimeter tests. It was found that the flame retardancy of the relatively cheaper AC was slightly weaker than that of MoO3. In addition, the incorporation of AC and MoO3 greatly reduced the total heat release and improved smoke suppressant property of PVC composites. When the total content of AC and MoO3 was 10 phr, PVC/AC/MoO3 had the lowest peak heat release rate and peak smoke production rate values of 173.80 kW m?2 and 0.1472 m2 s?1, which represented reductions of 47.3 and 59.9%, respectively, compared with those of PVC. Furthermore, thermogravimetric analysis and gel content tests were used to analyze the flame retardant mechanism of AC and MoO3, with results showing that AC could promote early crosslinking in PVC. Char residue left after heating at 500 °C was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, and the results showed that MoO3 produced the most compact char, with the smallest and most organized carbonaceous microstructures. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry  相似文献   
10.
Two-dimensional MoS2 nanoparticles (2D-nps) exhibit artificial enzyme properties that can be regulated at bio-nanointerfaces. We discovered that protein lipase is able to tune the peroxidase-like activity of MoS2 2D-nps, offering low-nanomolar, label-free detection and identification in samples with unknown identity. The inhibition of the peroxidase-like activity of the MoS2 2D-nps was demonstrated to be concentration dependent, and as low as 5 nm lipase was detected with this approach. The results were compared with those obtained with several other proteins that did not display any significant interference with the nanozyme behavior of the MoS2 2D-nps. This unique response of lipase was characterized and exploited for the successful identification of lipase in six unknown samples by using qualitative visual inspection and a quantitative statistical analysis method. The developed methodology in this approach is noteworthy for many aspects; MoS2 2D-nps are neither labeled with a signaling moiety nor modified with any ligands for signal readout. Only the intrinsic nanozyme activity of the MoS2 2D-nps is exploited for this detection approach. No analytical equipment is necessary for the visual detection of lipase. The synthesis of the water-soluble MoS2 2D-nps is low costing and can be performed in bulk scale. Exploring the properties of 2D-nps and their interactions with biological materials reveals highly interesting yet instrumental features that offer the development of novel bioanalytical approaches.  相似文献   
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