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1.
This paper focuses on the design of a 2.3–21 GHz Distributed Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) with low noise figure (NF), high gain (S21), and high linearity (IIP3) for broadband applications. This distributed amplifier (DA) includes S/C/X/Ku/K-band, which makes it very suitable for heterodyne receivers. The proposed DA uses a 0.18 μm GaAs pHEMT process (OMMIC ED02AH) in cascade architecture with lines adaptation and equalization of phase velocity techniques, to absorb their parasitic capacitances into the gate and drain transmission lines in order to achieve wide bandwidth and to enhance gain and linearity. The proposed broadband DA achieved an excellent gain in the flatness of 13.5 ± 0.2 dB, a low noise figure of 3.44 ± 1.12 dB, and a small group delay variation of ±19.721 ps over the range of 2.3–21 GHz. The input and output reflection coefficients S11 and S22 are less than −10 dB. The input compression point (P1dB) and input third-order intercept point (IIP3) are −1.5 dBm and 11.5 dBm, respectively at 13 GHz. The dissipated power is 282 mW and the core layout size is 2.2 × 0.8 mm2.  相似文献   
2.
道教洞天福地作为中国名山风景的经典类型之一,在宗教山岳景观中占据独特地位。浙东天台山水神秀,历代高道以入山隐修为主要目的,形成了道教在区域山林的景观文化基础。从天台山“神仙之乡”的文化背景出发,从“想象与实践”的视角切入,梳理了天台山洞天福地的景观流变:分析其“不死之福庭”地域性景观的形成经历了“赤城→桐柏”的信仰转移过程;以天台山为坐标,洞天福地格局打破了区域“层级”分布特征,而呈现大范围“州郡”空间格局。作为“联结点”的天台山,洞天世界沟通了宇宙、山、人3个基本场域,由此衍生出“洞宫”式和“周回”式山岳空间营建典范。旨在挖掘洞天福地中典型案例的价值,为中国洞天福地体系的构建提供理论依据。  相似文献   
3.
The development of a sustainable energy system throughout an enterprise is a complex task, which requires an agile holistic approach. Such an approach needs to include a variety of objectives including energy strategy formation and strategic decision-making, which are directly related to the analysis and management of the main areas of sustainable development:The economic, technological, environmental, and social. These multidimensional requirements of sustainability are often difficult to achieve within the enterprise, because these aspects are interrelated and influenced by various internal and external environment factors. This paper first reviews the main challenges for an energy system, and then demonstrates how a strategic agile enterprise architecture driven approach could effectively guide the sustainable energy system development. The study presented in this paper provides a holistic approach that contributes to the advancement and usage of literature dealing with issues of sustainable energy system development and agile enterprise architecture, which has not been discussed before to any great extent.  相似文献   
4.
We investigated the resistive switching characteristics of a polystyrene:ZnO–graphene quantum dots system and its potential application in a one diode-one resistor architecture of an organic memory cell. The log–log IV plot and the temperature-variable IV measurements revealed that the switching mechanism in a low-current state is closely related to thermally activated transport. The turn-on process was induced by a space-charge-limited current mechanism resulted from the ZnO–graphene quantum dots acting as charge trap sites, and charge transfer through filamentary path. The memory device with a diode presented a ∼103 ION/IOFF ratio, stable endurance cycles (102 cycles) and retention times (104 s), and uniform cell-to-cell switching. The one diode-one resistor architecture can effectively reduce cross-talk issue and realize a cross bar array as large as ∼3 kbit in the readout margin estimation. Furthermore, a specific word was encoded using the standard ASCII character code.  相似文献   
5.
Protein databases used in research are huge and still grow at a fast pace. Many comparisons need to be done when searching similar (homologous) sequences for a given query sequence in these databases. Comparing a query sequence against all sequences of a huge database using the well-known Smith–Waterman algorithm is very time-consuming. Hidden Markov Models pose an opportunity for reducing the number of entries of a database and also enable to find distantly homologous sequences. Fewer entries are achieved by clustering similar sequences in a Hidden Markov Model. Such an approach is used by the bioinformatics tool HHblits. To further reduce the runtime, HHblits uses two-level prefiltering to reduce the number of time-consuming Viterbi comparisons. Still, prefiltering is very time-consuming. Highly parallel architectures and huge bandwidth are required for processing and transferring the massive amounts of data. In this article, we present an approach exploiting the reconfigurable, hybrid computer architecture Convey HC-1 for migrating the most time-consuming part. The Convey HC-1 with four FPGAs and high memory bandwidth of up to 76.8 GB/s serves as the platform of choice. Other bioinformatics applications have already been successfully supported by the HC-1. Limited by FPGA size only, we present a design that calculates four first-level prefiltering scores per FPGA concurrently, i.e. 16 calculations in total. This score calculation for the query profile against database sequences is done by a modified Smith–Waterman scheme that is internally parallelized 128 times in contrast to the original Streaming ‘Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD)’ Extensions (SSE)-supported implementation where only 16-fold parallelism can be exploited and where memory bandwidth poses the limiting factor. Preloading the query profile, we are able to transform the memory-bound implementation to a compute- and resource-bound FPGA design. We tightly integrated the FPGA-based coprocessor into the hybrid computing system by employing task-parallelism for the two-level prefiltering. Despite much lower clock rates, the FPGAs outperform SSE-based execution for the calculation of the prefiltering scores by a factor of 7.9.  相似文献   
6.
The need to reduce PEMFC systems cost as well as to increase their durability is crucial for their integration in various applications and especially for transport applications. A new simplified architecture of the anode circuit called Alternating Fuel Feeding (AFF) offers to reduce the development costs. Requiring a new stack concept, it combines the simplicity of Dead-End Anode (DEA) with the operation advantages of the hydrogen recirculation. The three architectures (DEA, recirculation and AFF) are compared in terms of performance on a 5-kW test bench in automotive conditions, through a sensitivity analysis. A gain of 17% on the system efficiency is observed when switching from DEA to AFF. Moreover, similar performances are obtained both for AFF and for recirculation after an accurate optimization of the AFF tuning parameters. Based on DoE data, a gain of 25% on the weight of the anodic line has been identified compared to pulsed ejector architecture and 43% with the classic recirculation architecture with blower only (Miraï).  相似文献   
7.
中国的菊花主题花展(菊花展览)是最重要的赏菊形式,对我国3种主要类型的菊花展览,即综合性菊花展览(中国菊花展览会、国际博览会菊花专项展和各级城市菊花展)、菊花专类园和菊花花田花海的发展现状进行了研究,并分析了菊花展览在促进菊花产业发展、弘扬菊花文化、服务生态文明及美丽乡村建设、加强菊花非物质文化遗产保护中的重要作用,为推动我国菊花展览水平的提高提供借鉴。  相似文献   
8.
9.
由于AD HOC网络自身的特点,其网络管理很多方面与固定网络不同,如移动性管理和体系结构管理等。讨论了AD HOC网络管理的各个方面,并列举了各个方面的设计思路和已有的相关算法的简介。  相似文献   
10.
在分析移动智能平台安全需求基础上,从逻辑原理、硬件组成、软件系统三个层面提出了移动智能平台的可信计算体系结构,之后提出了包含十种可信计算应用功能的全景图。  相似文献   
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