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1.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(13):18793-18802
The luminescence center energy transfer, crystal field strength, and covalency are limited by the crystal structure of the host and subsequently affect the luminescence efficiency, color, and intensity. Here, we report an excellent red phosphor BaLaLiWO6:0.40Eu3+ and the dependence between symmetry and luminous performance. A model for changing symmetry is drawn by analyzing the Coulomb potential and structure for the application of a double-perovskite phosphor BLLWO: Dy3+, Eu3+ in white light LEDs. The addition of Dy3+/Eu3+ makes the W-O bond formed by the B-site and oxygen ion longer and the Li-O bond shorter, and the difference between the eight octahedral around the A-site is reduced, increasing the symmetry of the A-site. Local symmetry was successfully modulated by changing the Eu3+ concentration to control the Y/B ratio of Dy3+ and the R/O ratio of Eu3+ and smoothly achieved (0.382, 0.373) warm white light color coordinate. The phosphor has excellent thermal stability and still has 92.3% intensity at 475 K. The above results show that the wavelength composition of the luminescence is tunable by changing the symmetry of the environment in which the doped ions are located. It applies to single hosts for the regulation of white light emission.  相似文献   
2.
Fault detection and isolation in water distribution networks is an active topic due to the nonlinearities of flow propagation and recent increases in data availability due to sensor deployment. Here, we propose an efficient two-step data driven alternative: first, we perform sensor placement taking the network topology into account; second, we use incoming sensor data to build a network model through online dictionary learning. Online learning is fast and allows tackling large networks as it processes small batches of signals at a time. This brings the benefit of continuous integration of new data into the existing network model, either in the beginning for training or in production when new data samples are gathered. The proposed algorithms show good performance in our simulations on both small and large-scale networks.  相似文献   
3.
In vitro digestion models are widely used to study the structural changes, digestion and release of food components under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. As compared to the in vivo digestion tests, the in vitro digestion reflects the digestion and utilisation of food after ingestion and has the advantages of being time consuming, inexpensive, reproducible and free from moral and ethical restrictions. This study reviewed the current research studies on the in vitro simulated digestion of polysaccharides conducted in the last 5 years and focused on the oral, gastric and intestinal digestion models, with the aim of providing a basis for the further testing of changes in the content, structure and active ingredients of polysaccharides before and after digestion.  相似文献   
4.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(24):36238-36248
Cf/SiC composite is an excellent structural and functional material, silicon carbide nanowires (SiCnws) are not only a toughening material but also a great application in the field of microwave absorption. In this study, SiCnws are grown on the surface of carbon fiber (Cf) by polymer impregnation and pyrolysis, and the SiC matrix was prepared by chemical vapor osmosis method. The SiCnws are introduced to enhance the mechanical and microwave absorption properties simultaneously. After 3 impregnations, the flexural strength of the composite was 107.35 ± 10 MPa. When the thickness is 1.86 mm, the minimum reflection loss value is ?41.08 dB, and the effective absorption bandwidth (RL ≤ ?10 dB) is 3.86 GHz. Furthermore, the microwave absorption mechanism of the material is discussed. This work provides a new method to prepare lightweight, stable and high-performance microwave absorption materials, and these materials are expected to be used in high temperature environments.  相似文献   
5.
The appearance of colossal permittivity materials broadened the choice of materials for energy-storage applications. In this work, colossal permittivity in ceramics of TiO2 co-doped with niobium and europium ions ((Eu0.5Nb0.5)xTi1-xO2 ceramics) was reported. A large permittivity (εr ~ 2.01?×?105) and a low dielectric loss (tanδ ~ 0.095) were observed for (Eu0.5Nb0.5)xTi1-xO2 (x?=?1%) ceramics at 1?kHz. Moreover, two significant relaxations were observed in the temperature dependence of dielectric properties for (Eu, Nb) co-doped TiO2 ceramics, which originated from defect dipoles and electron hopping, respectively. The low dielectric loss and high relative permittivity were ascribed to the electron-pinned defect-dipoles and electrons hopping. The (Eu0.5Nb0.5)xTi1-xO2 ceramic with great colossal permittivity is one of the most promising candidates for high-energy density storage applications.  相似文献   
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7.
为了进一步提高渤海油田J3井区缔合聚合物驱的技术经济效果,在渤海油田室内配方和先导性矿场试验研究基础上,利用化学驱油藏数值模拟软件FAPMS,分析和研究了高浓度缔合聚合物前置段塞、主段塞的大小和浓度以及段塞组合方式对驱油效果的影响,优化设计了渤海绥中油田J3井区块矿场试验的最佳注入程序及段塞大小。结果表明,通过对不同浓度的疏水缔合聚合物注入的前置段塞及主段塞和梯度式后续段塞的优化后,原油采收率比未优化时提高了约10个百分点。研究表明,渤海油田应该高度重视聚合物驱的注入方式和段塞优化设计,进一步提高聚合物的技术经济效果。  相似文献   
8.
鄂尔多斯盆地东部奥陶系盐下储层预测   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
鄂尔多斯盆地奥陶系的膏盐岩沉积面积达5×104km2,天然气的勘探程度很低。为此,利用测井技术和地震反演技术对盐下储层进行了预测。首先,通过对盐下沉积特征的综合分析,对盐下储集层段的发育层位和主要储集岩类型进行了描述;然后,采用ELAN测井技术对盐下储层的物性进行了分析,认为盐下储层的物性在普遍较差的背景上存在相对发育的层段和区带;最后,利用全局优化多道地震反演技术,对岩下储层进行了预测,认为盐下存在的局部隆起是圈闭和储层发育的有利区带。  相似文献   
9.
采用延迟破胶技术,在压裂施工过程中加入不同浓度的胶囊破胶剂,利用它的延缓释放特性,使植物胶压裂液耐温、耐剪切稳定性增强,并且可以在不造成压裂液的流变性、滤失性和携砂性等过早丧失的前提下高浓度使用胶囊破胶剂。该技术与常规破胶技术相比,延缓释放率达50%,能更有效地清除液体残渣,减少压裂液对储层的伤害。同时由于有延缓破胶的特性,放喷采用相应的措施,可以降低支撑剂沉降速度,形成较好的沉砂剖面,提供高的裂缝导流能力,并且可以降低滤饼和压裂液残渣的伤害。  相似文献   
10.
A crucial goal for future Grid systems is to strive towards user-centric service provisioning. A way to achieve this is through the use of economics-based resource management. Currently, several models exist from among which auction- and commodity-based models are the most popular. This contribution will focus on the latter, and in particular on commodity markets, where the value of a Grid resource is determined by supply and demand. We propose some refinements to the application of Smale’s method for finding price equilibria in such a Grid market. We also extend the approach to substitutable goods. That is, we introduce ‘slow’ and ‘fast’ CPUs, two categories of the same type of good that are priced separately, but are strongly coupled with potentially strong shifts in demand. We show that Smale’s method can be adapted to handle this type of Grid resources market, and that price stability, allocative efficiency, and fairness are realized.  相似文献   
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