首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   965篇
  免费   56篇
  国内免费   8篇
电工技术   3篇
综合类   94篇
化学工业   412篇
金属工艺   12篇
机械仪表   13篇
建筑科学   2篇
矿业工程   1篇
能源动力   32篇
轻工业   292篇
石油天然气   18篇
武器工业   1篇
无线电   19篇
一般工业技术   88篇
冶金工业   7篇
自动化技术   35篇
  2024年   1篇
  2023年   39篇
  2022年   45篇
  2021年   51篇
  2020年   42篇
  2019年   34篇
  2018年   37篇
  2017年   29篇
  2016年   33篇
  2015年   40篇
  2014年   95篇
  2013年   131篇
  2012年   96篇
  2011年   74篇
  2010年   43篇
  2009年   54篇
  2008年   10篇
  2007年   47篇
  2006年   51篇
  2005年   21篇
  2004年   10篇
  2003年   10篇
  2002年   20篇
  2001年   8篇
  2000年   3篇
  1999年   5篇
排序方式: 共有1029条查询结果,搜索用时 23 毫秒
1.
稀酸预处理玉米芯提取木糖的研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
通过单因素实验法和正交实验法优化了以玉米芯为原料制备木糖实验过程中各工艺参数,包括固液比、酸浓度、处理温度以及处理时间。结果表明,稀酸预处理过程各因素对玉米芯木糖提取率影响程度由大到小的顺序为:处理温度酸浓度处理时间。且在降低酸浓度和减少反应时间的情况下,仍可使木糖得率达到较高的水平,优化的实验条件为:固液比1∶10,酸浓度1. 2%,处理温度120°C,处理时间90 min。在此条件下,木糖得率可达86. 36%。  相似文献   
2.
As a decisive attribute, flavour could be influenced by HP treatments through multiple physical and chemical pathways within the high pressure (HP)-assisted meat curing process. This investigation aimed to identify the major pathway influencing volatile flavour patterns of two representative vinasse-cured duck (VCD) products with HP treatments (150–300 MPa/15 min), including wet and dry types, by employing headspace fingerprinting as an untargeted approach. Results suggested that HP treatments greatly lowered moisture contents and increased Warner-Bratzler shear force and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances of the cured samples. According to multivariate models, the volatile flavour patterns of the HP-processed VCD could be clearly separated from the unprocessed samples, but the VCD pressurised at different intensities represented similar volatile fingerprinting, which was validated by e-nose analysis. The discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model outlined vinasse-derived ethanol, acetic acid, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, phenethyl alcohol and 2-methyl-3-octanone as the major discriminant aromas across the unpressurised and pressurised samples.  相似文献   
3.
Varying material particle sizes represent a common contributing factor to the batch‐to‐batch variation of extraction yields. To increase the batch‐to‐batch quality consistency of extracts, a method was proposed to adjust the extraction conditions for different material particle sizes, taking the hydrodistillation extraction process of Radix Curcumae and Fructus Gardeniae as a case study. Statistical models were built for five sesquiterpenes including curcumenone, curcumenol, curdione, curzerenone and furanodienone, to quantitatively describe the effects of particle size and process parameters on their extraction yields. An increase in sodium chloride concentration remarkably increased the yields of curcumenone and curcumenol, and a larger solvent‐to‐solid ratio increased the yields of five sesquiterpenes. Under the adjusted process parameters for two different particle sizes, the yield for each compound was controlled to fall in the 90–110% target range. The proposed method can be applied to various extraction processes of foods and herbal medicines.  相似文献   
4.
基于柠檬酸-铕金属有机纳米配体聚合物(citrate/europium lanthanide coordination polymer nanoparticles,Cit/Eu LCP NPs)构建快速检测肉品汤煲中5’-肌苷酸(inosine-5’-monophosphate,5’-IMP)的荧光探针。研究结果表明,5’-IMP对Cit/Eu?LCP?NPs有良好的荧光猝灭作用。在最佳条件下,该荧光探针在5’-IMP?2.5~200?μg/mL的质量浓度范围内呈现出良好的线性关系,检出限为0.17?μg/mL,且具备良好的抗干扰、稳定性和重复性。为了验证方法可行性,将该方法应用于实际鸡汤样品中的5’-IMP检测,测得加标回收率为97.85%~103.95%,可为快速检测肉品汤煲中5’-IMP提供新的思路和方法。  相似文献   
5.
The 1D Ag3PO4 sensitized SrTiO3 nanowires are prepared by simple route of electrospinning-in situ deposition technique. The results of the thermogravimetry (TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive Spectrometer (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV–Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–Vis) indicate that the Ag3PO4 nanoparticles has been deposited on the surface of the SrTiO3 nanowires successfully. Experimental results showed that compared with pure SrTiO3, the as-prepared 1D Ag3PO4 sensitized SrTiO3 nanowires exhibit obvious enhancement of photocatalytic performance and stability. Especially, the Ag3PO4/SrTiO3 (3AS sample) had a satisfactory photocatalytic activity for degrading methylene blue (MB) more than 98% under visible light irradiation. As to pure SrTiO3 and Ag3PO4, only 9.8% and 49% of MB was decomposed after 35?min irradiation respectively. Furthermore, the mechanism of the enhancing photocatalytic activity could be ascribed to the nano-heterojunction of the Ag3PO4/SrTiO3, the visible light response of the Ag3PO4, and the 1D structure of the nanowires.  相似文献   
6.
7.
For boosting oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), a new type of multi-functional catalyst with high activity, high stability, and low cost has been designed and prepared by introducing high proportions of M (M = Fe, Ni) metals in Pt-based nanoparticles through a microwave-assisted polyol method, followed by thermal annealing process. A uniform dispersion of nanoparticles (5 nm) and a face-centered tetragonal (fct) phase improve the activity and stability of the Pt–Fe–Ni/C catalyst. Owing to differences in the surface energies of the alloying elements, Pt atoms with low surface energy have a tendency to segregate from the subsurface to the surface during the annealing. This tendency exposes the internal Pt atoms to the surface of the nanoparticles in the existence of high proportions of M metals, significantly improving the utilization of Pt. As a cathode catalyst, the Pt–Fe–Ni/C catalyst annealed at 675 °C with a mass activity of 0.73 A/mgPt, which is 3.5 times higher than that of the commercial Pt/C catalyst, exhibits an excellent half-cell performance. An accelerated durability test demonstrates that the prepared Pt–Fe–Ni/C-675 catalyst is more stable than the commercial Pt/C. The proposed multi-functional catalyst has great potential for PEMFCs and other applications.  相似文献   
8.
In this paper, a cell average technique(CAT) based parameter estimation method is proposed for cooling crystallization involved with particle growth, aggregation and breakage, by establishing a more efficient and accurate solution in terms of the automatic differentiation(AD) algorithm. To overcome the deficiency of CAT that demands high computation cost for implementation, a set of ordinary differential equations(ODEs) entailed from CAT based discretized population balance equation(PBE) are solved by using the AD based high-order Taylor expansion. Moreover, an AD based trust-region reflective(TRR) algorithm and another interior-point(IP) algorithm are established for estimating the kinetic parameters associated with particle growth, aggregation and breakage. As a result, the estimation accuracy can be further improved while the computation cost can be significantly reduced, compared to the existing algorithms. Benchmark examples from the literature are used to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the AD-based CAT, TRR and IP algorithms in comparison with the existing algorithms. Moreover, seeded batch cooling crystallization experiments of β form L-glutamic acid are performed to validate the proposed method.  相似文献   
9.
In this paper, the synergistic effects of advanced oxidization reactions in a combination of TiO2 photocatalysis are comparatively investigated for hydrogen production and wastewater treatment applications. An experimental study is conducted with a photoelectrochemical reactor under a UV-light source. TiO2 is selected as the photocatalyst due to the high corrosion resistant nature and ability to form hydroxyl radicals with the interaction with photons. The synergetic effects of advanced oxidization processes (AOPs) such as Fenton, Fenton-like, photocatalysis (TiO2/UV) and UV photolysis (H2O2/UV) are investigated individually and in a combination of each other. The Fenton type reagent in the reactor is formed by anodic sacrificial of stainless-steel electrode with the presence of H2O2. The influences of various parameters, including pH level, type of the electrode and electrolyte and the UV light, on the performance of the combined system are also investigated experimentally. The highest chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency is observed as 97.9% for the experimental condition which combines UV/TiO2, UV/H2O2 and photo-electro Fenton type processes. The maximum hydrogen production rate from the photoelectrolysis of wastewater is obtained as 7.0 mg/Wh for the experimental condition which has the highest rate of photo-electro Fenton type processes. The average enhancement with the presence of UV light on hydrogen production rates and COD removal efficiencies are further calculated to be 3% and 20%, respectively.  相似文献   
10.
摘 要:目的 了解六六六(hexachlorocyclohexanes,HCHs)与滴滴涕(dichloro diphenyl trichloroethanes,DDTs)在杭州湾南岸滩涂沉积物中的污染现状。方法 于2018年4月,采集杭州湾南岸地区4个采样点不同深度(0~80 cm)滩涂沉积物,利用气相色谱-串联质谱法(gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, GC-MS/MS)测定了该区域中HCHs与DDTs的含量,对其分布规律进行分析,使用共识沉积物质量基准法对其生态学风险进行了评估。结果 所有样品中均检出,HCHs与DDTs含量分别为4.20~6.24 μg/kg与3.37~4.73 μg/kg,主要以β-HCH、δ-HCH以及DDE为主,其污染主要来源于历史性工业品,整体污染处于较低水平;20.3%的沉积物样品中DDEs含量以及28.1%的样品DDTs总量介于阈值效应浓度(threshold concentration, TECs) 和可能效应浓度(probable effect concentration, PECs)之间。结论 杭州湾南岸沉积物中HCHs与DDTs的污染处于较低水平,具有较小的生态学风险。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号