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1.
This study presents an improved mathematical model to analyse the stress wave propagation in adhesively bonded functionally graded (FG) circular cylinders (butt joint) under an axial impulsive load. The volume fractions of the material constituents in the upper and lower cylinders were functionally tailored through the thickness of each cylinder using a power-law. The effective material properties of both cylinders, which are made of aluminum (Al) and silicon carbide (SiC), at any point were predicted by using the Mori–Tanaka homogenization scheme. In this improved model, the governing equations of the wave propagation include the spatial derivatives of local mechanical properties and were discretized by means of the finite difference method. The influence of these spatial derivatives and the compositional gradient exponent on the displacement and stress distributions of the joint was investigated. The material composition variations of both cylinders affected the displacement and stress fields whereas the compositional gradient exponent had a minor effect. The stress concentrations were alleviated in time, the displacement and stress distributions/variations around/along the upper and lower cylinder-adhesive interfaces were significantly affected by the adhesive layer. The spatial derivatives also affected the temporal histories of the displacement and stress components evaluated at the selected critical points of the upper cylinder, adhesive layer and lower cylinder. The consideration of the spatial local material derivatives provided a more accurate mathematical model of wave propagations through the graded layered structures.  相似文献   
2.
The esophagus is a tubular-shaped muscular organ where swallowed fluids and muscular contractions constitute a highly dynamic environment. The turbulent, coordinated processes that occur through the oropharyngeal conduit can often compromise targeted administration of therapeutic drugs to a lesion, significantly reducing therapeutic efficacy. Here, magnetically guidable drug vehicles capable of strongly adhering to target sites using a bioengineered mussel adhesive protein (MAP) to achieve localized delivery of therapeutic drugs against the hydrodynamic physiological conditions are proposed. A suite of highly uniform microparticles embedded with iron oxide (IO) nanoparticles (MAP@IO MPs) is microfluidically fabricated using the genipin-mediated covalent cross-linking of bioengineered MAP. The MAP@IO MPs are successfully targeted to a specific region and prolongedly retained in the tubular-structured passageway. In particular, orally administered MAP@IO MPs are effectively captured in the esophagus in vivo in a magnetically guidable manner. Moreover, doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded MAP@IO MPs exhibit a sustainable DOX release profile, effective anticancer therapeutic activity, and excellent biocompatibility. Thus, the magnetically guidable locomotion and robust underwater adhesive properties of the proteinaceous soft microbots can provide an intelligent modular approach for targeted locoregional therapeutics delivery to a specific lesion site in dynamic fluid-associated tubular organs such as the esophagus.  相似文献   
3.
This paper deals with three-dimensional non-linear finite element analyses to assess the structural behavior of adhesively-bonded double supported tee joint of laminated FRP composites having embedded interfacial failures. The onset of interfacial failures is predicted by using Tsai–Wu coupled stress failure criterion with pre-determined stress values. The concept of fracture mechanics principle is utilized to study the sustainability of the tee joint having interfacial failures pre-existed at the critical locations. Individual modes of the strain energy release rates (SERR) GI, GII and GIII, are considered as the damage growth parameters and, are evaluated using the Modified crack closure integral (MCCI) technique based on the concept of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). Based on the stress analyses, it has been observed that the interfacial failures in tee joint structure trigger at the interface of base plate and adhesive layer from both ends of base plate. Depending on the SERR magnitudes, it has been noticed that the interfacial failure propagates under mixed mode condition. Therefore total SERR (GT) is considered as the governing parameter for damage propagation. Furthermore, efforts have been made to retard damage propagation rate by employing functionally graded adhesive (FGA) instead of monolithic adhesive material. Series of numerical simulations have been performed for varied interfacial failure length in functionally graded adhesively bonded double supported tee joint structure in order to achieve the significant effect of FGA with various modulus ratios on SERR. Material gradation of adhesive indicates significant SERR reduction at the incipient stage of failure which necessitates the use of functionally graded adhesive for the tee joint and prolong the service life of the structure.  相似文献   
4.
介绍了动物和植物型非常规蛋白资源的种类及其制备蛋白基木材胶黏剂的研究现状和存在的问题,展望了非常规蛋白胶黏剂的发展前景。  相似文献   
5.
余满春  张立红 《辽宁化工》2003,32(8):354-356
介绍了书籍装订热熔胶生产工艺及产品的技术指标,对1000t/a生产装置的投资与产品成本进行了核算。分析结果表明,总投资110万元,年利润达266万元。  相似文献   
6.
GY-340厌氧胶的技术发展回顾   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文是关于GY-340厌氧胶及其相关产品的一些研制情况回顾和评论,并介绍了用组合引发剂的厌氧胶可以获得较好的固化和贮存性能。  相似文献   
7.
聚氨酯胶粘剂在苯板夹心板生产中的应用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
简要介绍了聚氨酯胶粘剂在彩钢板/聚苯乙烯夹心板生产中的应用、采用双组分无溶剂发泡型聚氨酯胶粘剂生产夹心板的工艺。对胶粘剂配制中原料的选择和工艺参数的确定进行了讨论。采用由聚醚、水、催化剂等配成的混合物为A组分,多异氰酸酯作为B组分,制成的发泡型聚氨酯胶粘剂具有固化速度快、成本低、实用效果好等优点,滴胶和抹胶的施工方法工艺简单,可满足夹心板生产的需要。  相似文献   
8.
Recent developments in rubber-toughened structural acrylic adhesives now offer sheet steel fabricators the opportunity to replace conventional metal fastening techniques such as spot welding with lower cost, durable, more versatile structural adhesive bonding. These developments, in particular much improved ability to bond oily/waxy surfaces common to the motor car industry and improved retention of fracture toughness after exposure to paint stoving temperatures, are discussed in this paper.  相似文献   
9.
A novel finite element model is presented for static and dynamic analysis of composite plates integrated with a laminated piezoelectric layer, a host laminated composite plate and an adhesive layer between them. A new adhesive element is developed which includes both peel and shear effects in the adhesive layer based on first‐order shear deformation plate theory. The thin adhesive layer between the piezoelectric layer and the host plate is modelled by assuming that it carries constant shear and peel strains throughout its thickness. In addition, a weighted static shape control scheme for finding the optimal voltage distribution for static shape control is given. By selecting different weighting matrices, a variety of items such as displacements, slopes, curvatures, strains and even generalized forces, can be included in finding the optimal actuating voltage for static shape control. The present model is validated by comparing with those results available in the literature. The numerical results show that the weighted linear least method can give a satisfactory voltage distribution to best match the desired shape. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
10.
研究了某种环氧树脂阻尼灌封胶在热氧老化的作用下分子结构、硬度、断面形貌以及动态力学性能随时间的变化.傅立叶红外光谱图表明,所制备的样品环氧基团反应比较完全,热氧老化后试样表面由仲胺和环氧基团形成的酯键发生了部分断裂和氧化;邵氏硬度的增加、瓦向高温区移动则表明在老化过程中复杂的固化反应仍然继续进行;最大损耗因子(tanδmax)波动较小表明试样老化后分子结构几乎保持不变;SEM图片显示试样的冲击断裂由老化前的韧性转变为老化后的脆性断裂.  相似文献   
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