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1.
In this study, the characteristics of nanocellulose extracted from bleached softwood and hardwood pulps by formic acid hydrolysis followed by TEMPO-mediated oxidation were compared using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared analysis (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The experimental results showed that the nanocellulose products derived from spruce pulp exhibited a relatively larger particle size, higher crystallinity, and higher thermal stability, compared with the corresponding products obtained from aspen pulp under the same conditions. Furthermore, the study helped establish that the properties of the nanocellulose products were highly dependent on the nature of the starting materials under identical processing conditions.  相似文献   
2.
Nanocellulose composites combine the advantages of nanocellulose and composites. Recently, nanocellulose composites have been received more attentions due to their improved properties and promising broad applications. In the past, rapid progress has been made in the synthesis, properties, and mechanism of nanocellulose composites and potential applications were reported. There are a few reports on the increasing applications of nanocellulose composites with focus on the biomedical field, environmental field, electrode and sensor applications. In this article, the recent development of nanocellulose composites was reviewed via some typical examples. In addition to the synthesis methods, improved properties and potential applications were discussed. The problems and future applications of nanocellulose composites were also suggested.  相似文献   
3.
纳米纤维素作为一种性能优越的可再生纳米材料,应用前景极为广阔。然而,由于纳米纤维素结构上富含羟基,使其具有极强的亲水性,严重影响了纳米纤维素的疏水性能,并且在一定程度上限制了其在复合材料领域的应用。综述了纳米纤维素疏水改性的研究进展,从物理吸附、表面化学修饰(甲硅烷化、烷酰化、酯化等)、聚合物接枝共聚3个方面简述了目前应用较为广泛的疏水化改性方法,并对疏水纳米纤维素在包装材料、造纸、水净化等方面的应用现状进行了总结。最后对疏水改性纳米纤维素的未来发展进行了展望,旨在为疏水纳米纤维素的研究和应用提供参考。  相似文献   
4.
Nanocellulose (NC) has attracted much interest in the tissue engineering (TE) field because of its properties including biocompatibility, renewability, non-toxicity, functionality, and excellent mechanical performance. This review mainly focused on the advanced applications of NC-based composites in hard TE including cartilage TE, bone TE, and dental TE, illustrated the processing methods for synthesizing scaffolds including electrospinning, freeze-drying, and 3D printing, reviewed the current status of hard TE, and presented perspective on the future of TE technology.  相似文献   
5.
Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) films were prepared from side streams generated by the sugarcane industry, that is, bagasse. Two fractionation processes were utilized for comparison purposes: (1) soda and (2) hot water and soda pretreatments. 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidinyl-1-oxyl-mediated oxidation was applied to facilitate the nanofibrillation of the bagasse fibers. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was chosen as plasticizer to improve the ductility of CNF films. The neat CNF and biocomposite films (CNF and 40% PEG) were used for fabrication of self-standing humidity sensors. CNF-based humidity sensors exhibited high change of impedance, within four orders of magnitude, in response to relative humidity (RH) from 20 to 90%. The use of plasticizer had an impact on sensor kinetics. While the biocomposite film sensors showed slightly longer response time, the recovery time of these plasticized sensors was two times shorter in comparison to sensors without PEG. This study demonstrated that agroindustrial side streams can form the basis for high-end applications such as humidity sensors, with potential for, for example, packaging and wound dressing applications. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019 , 136, 47920.  相似文献   
6.
A simple and rapid microextraction procedure is reported on the use of ionic liquid in combination with magnetic nanocellulose hybrid nanoparticles. The procedure is ultrasound-assisted and applicable to selective preconcentration of neonicotinoid insecticides from milk samples, prior to being analysed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The extraction procedure uses small volume of organic solvents (<1 mL), and there is no need for centrifugation. In the experimental approach the ionic liquid was quickly disrupted by an ultrasonic probe and dispersed in milk samples in a cloudy form. At this stage, neonicotinoid insecticides were extracted into the fine droplets of ionic liquid. Then small amounts of magnetic nanocellulose hybrid nanoparticles were dispersed into the sample solutions to adsorb the ionic liquid containing the analytes and phase separation was completed. The ionic liquid allowed the microextraction of the analytes and a small volume of acetonitrile was used for elution. Magnetic nanocellulose favoured the adsorption of the ionic liquid with the analytes and improved the final recovery with respect to the use of simple magnetic nanoparticles as a sorbent material. Under the optimum conditions, decision capabilities were achieved in the 0.02–0.06 mg kg?1 range, with recoveries between 91.0% and 109.5%.  相似文献   
7.
自愈合导电水凝胶因其良好的自愈合性能与导电性能,在柔性可穿戴设备中具有巨大的应用前景。以4-甲酰基苯硼酸(Bn)交联聚乙烯醇(PVA)和聚乙烯亚胺(PEI)构建基于硼酸酯键和亚胺键的双重动态交联水凝胶网络,引入聚吡咯修饰的纤维素纳米纤维(PPy@CNF)构建了具有良好自愈合和导电性的PBP-PPy@CNF纳米复合水凝胶。结果表明,当PPy@CNF的质量分数为0.8%时,水凝胶的力学性能最佳,其最大应力可达6.65kPa,断裂拉伸应变可达2080%,电导率为2174μS/m。基于该水凝胶的电阻式传感器具有良好的稳定性和重复性,在应变检测范围0~800%内,灵敏因子GF可分为三个线性响应区域,分别是0~200%(GF1=2.82)、200%~600%(GF2=7.15)和600%~800%(GF3=12.85),该传感器能有效检测人体不同部位的运动,可应用于可穿戴传感设备。  相似文献   
8.
以漂白桉木浆和废报纸为原料,利用2,2,6,6-四甲基哌啶-1-氧自由基(TEMPO)/NaBr/NaClO氧化体系对其进行处理制备氧化纳米纤维素,并探究两种氧化纳米纤维素添加量对纸张性能的影响。研究结果表明:桉木浆氧化纳米纤维素的平均纤维长度约为75~95 nm,长径比约为6.5~8.5,均高于废报纸氧化纳米纤维素(45~75 nm,4~6)。添加桉木浆氧化纳米纤维素和废报纸氧化纳米纤维素均可使纸张抗张指数、耐破指数和撕裂指数增加。添加6%桉木浆氧化纳米纤维素时,纸张抗张指数由21.16(N·m)/g增加至31.37(N·m)/g,耐破指数由1.32(kPa·m^(2))/g增加至1.84(kPa·m^(2))/g,撕裂指数由6.61(mN·m^(2))/g增加至8.03(mN·m^(2))/g;添加6%废报纸氧化纳米纤维素时,纸张抗张指数由21.16(N·m)/g增加至27.22(N·m)/g,耐破指数由1.32(kPa·m^(2))/g增加至1.79(kPa·m^(2))/g,添加4%废报纸氧化纳米纤维素,纸张撕裂指数由6.61(mN·m^(2))/g增加至8.12(mN·m^(2))/g,可见,添加桉木浆氧化纳米纤维素效果更佳。添加1%阳离子淀粉,有助于两种氧化纳米纤维素对纸张强度的提高,其中桉木浆氧化纳米纤维素可使抗张指数最大提高51.09%,耐破指数提高50.00%,撕裂指数提高27.62%。  相似文献   
9.
10.
In this study, formulations of cassava starch and poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) flexible films were developed, with glycerol, coconut nanocellulose, annatto, and citric acid in different concentrations, as well as the effectiveness of the selected materials in fresh-cut mangoes storage was evaluated. The tensile strength of the different formulations varied from 1.90 (E4) to 6.65 MPa (E3c), and the strain varied from 206.31 (E1c) to 278.41% (E8); this variation was dependent on the percentage of the polymer matrix incorporated. The aw values of the formulations ranged from 0.396 (E2) to 0.569 (E3c). The Formulations E4 and E7 (with additives) presented good properties and were selected to condition mangoes. The micrographs of these films showed regions of micropores that can facilitate the diffusion of water from the packaged product to the surface, allowing decreases in moisture and aw, which is associated with higher color maintenance during fruit storage. E7 presented better barrier properties than E4 (lower values of WVP and water solubility) which may have influenced in a positive way to maintain the stability of the package in the studied period. E7 can be considered as a viable alternative for minimally processed mango storage. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019 , 136, 48150.  相似文献   
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