首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   650篇
  免费   71篇
  国内免费   34篇
电工技术   65篇
综合类   85篇
化学工业   8篇
机械仪表   4篇
建筑科学   102篇
矿业工程   20篇
能源动力   23篇
轻工业   1篇
水利工程   381篇
石油天然气   1篇
无线电   11篇
一般工业技术   7篇
冶金工业   3篇
原子能技术   1篇
自动化技术   43篇
  2024年   1篇
  2023年   4篇
  2022年   6篇
  2021年   14篇
  2020年   6篇
  2019年   21篇
  2018年   17篇
  2017年   26篇
  2016年   27篇
  2015年   32篇
  2014年   40篇
  2013年   39篇
  2012年   67篇
  2011年   37篇
  2010年   28篇
  2009年   33篇
  2008年   38篇
  2007年   60篇
  2006年   50篇
  2005年   34篇
  2004年   28篇
  2003年   29篇
  2002年   26篇
  2001年   16篇
  2000年   7篇
  1999年   8篇
  1998年   9篇
  1997年   10篇
  1996年   7篇
  1995年   9篇
  1994年   5篇
  1993年   4篇
  1992年   3篇
  1991年   3篇
  1989年   2篇
  1988年   3篇
  1987年   2篇
  1986年   1篇
  1985年   2篇
  1982年   1篇
排序方式: 共有755条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
水文水资源学家陈守煜先生学术研究的知识图谱分析   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
为探索水文水资源学家陈守煜先生学术研究历程及其演变规律,以其335篇文献作为数据基础,采用共现分析等文献计量可视化分析方法,通过文献发表的时间分布、学科和期刊分布、高被引文献分布和研究主题等方面的知识图谱分析,系统分析了陈先生的学术研究历程。结果显示:陈守煜先生学术研究生命周期历时达62年,在其60岁后出现了2个学术创新高峰期;其学术研究特色荟萃于其河渠非恒定流计算、模糊集理论的水文水资源应用、模糊水文水资源学基本理论、模糊聚类-识别-优选统一理论、可变模糊集理论和可变模糊集理论的水文水资源应用6个研究主题,其中主题1为后续的5个模糊水文水资源学创新主题奠定了数值计算的研究方法论,主题2为模糊集现有理论的应用探索,主题3至主题5为面向工程应用的模糊集理论不断深入创新,主题6为可变模糊集理论的应用探索,形成了"紧密结合应用-持续理论创新-创新理论再应用"这种理论与实践互馈的研究特色。他每一阶段的研究目标比较集中、明确,与其研究主题密切对应,显著提高了研究效率;他的学术研究影响广泛,合计被引8554次,缘于他的源头理论创新。陈先生的研究,理论与应用不断互馈,贵在厚积薄发、深入钻研、持续创新,其研究理念和方法论,对水利科学的学术创新研究具有重要的启示作用和深远影响。  相似文献   
2.
海绵城市雨水花园水文水质过程模拟   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以宜兴市中心某区域为例,通过参数率定及模型验证,构建了研究区域的SWMM模型,研究了不同重现期(3、10、50、100年)下,雨水花园水文、水质变化情况。结果表明,重现期3~100年条件下,平均径流量、峰值流量、平均径流系数、入渗量、污染物SS负荷总量、COD负荷总量、TN负荷总量、TP负荷总量分别降低11.65%~12.66%、6.82%~8.46%、21.33%~23.26%、22.42%~22.81%、8.98%~10.08%、8.73%~9.84%、7.83%~9.09%、6.36%~8.33%,雨水花园可有效降低平均径流量、峰值流量、平均径流系数,增加入渗量,对污染物SS、COD、TN、TP的负荷总量也有较好的控制效果,为一种有效的海绵措施,且不受降雨重现期大小的影响,呈较为固定的范围。  相似文献   
3.
Jeong KS  Kim DK  Joo GJ 《Water research》2007,41(6):1269-1279
This study presents the relationship between the dam hydrology and phytoplankton proliferations in a regulated river system in East Asia. A long-term ecological study reveals that multi-purpose dam regulation on river flow in the Nakdong River (South Korea) affects proliferating patterns of phytoplankton, especially during summer (June-August) and winter (December-next February) as Microcystis aeruginosa and Stephanodiscus hantzschii, respectively, dominate each season by over 80%. Eutrophication was observed in the lower Nakdong River (South Korea) (mean+/-standard deviation: nitrate-N, 2.8+/-0.9 mg L(-1); phosphate-P, 40.3+/-31.3 microg L(-1); chlorophyll a, 45.2+/-84.9 microg L(-1); n=449), and the limnological characteristics responded to climatic variations such as monsoon and summer typhoons. The river basin experiences concentrated rainfall during the rainy season (June-September, over ca. 60% of total annual rainfall). Correlation and cross-correlation for time-delayed relationship revealed the hydrological environments (i.e., quantity of dam storage and discharge) had significantly negative relationship with the population dynamics of the two bloom-forming species for up to the next 2 years. S. hantzschii had clearer relationship with dam storage and discharge, which might be due to the seasonality exhibited by the species. The results support the necessity of "smart flow control" which may enable destruction of bloom formation by the two species with an adequate pulse of discharge generated by upstream dams in the far-east Asian river systems. This would increase the efficiency of water resource management system.  相似文献   
4.
罗云军 《山西建筑》2007,33(11):315-316
从地形、地质条件、气侯、水文条件、土壤、植物覆盖等方面阐述了自然条件对路线的影响,并记述了公路对水、土壤、气侯等自然环境的影响作用,从而使自然因素与路线的相互作用向着良性循环的方向发展,以确保公路安全、迅速、经济、舒适和自然环境的良好。  相似文献   
5.
The challenge for environmental assessment tools, such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is to provide a holistic picture of the environmental impacts of a given system, while being relevant both at a global scale, i.e., for global impact categories such as climate change, and at a smaller scale, i.e., for regional impact categories such as aquatic eutrophication. To this end, the environmental mechanisms between emission and impact should be taken into account. For eutrophication in particular, which is one of the main impacts of farming systems, the fate factor of eutrophying pollutants in catchments, and particularly of nitrate, reflects one of these important and complex environmental mechanisms. We define this fate factor as: the ratio of the amount of nitrate at the outlet of the catchment over the nitrate emitted from the catchment's soils. In LCA, this fate factor is most often assumed equal to 1, while the observed fate factor is generally less than 1. A generic approach for estimating the range of variation of nitrate fate factors in a region of intensive agriculture was proposed. This approach was based on the analysis of different catchment scenarios combining different catchment types and different effective rainfalls. The evolution over time of the nitrate fate factor as well as the steady state fate factor for each catchment scenario was obtained using the INCA simulation model. In line with the general LCA model, the implications of the steady state fate factors for nitrate were investigated for the eutrophication impact result in the framework of an LCA of pig production. A sensitivity analysis to the fraction of nitrate lost as N(2)O was presented for the climate change impact category. This study highlighted the difference between the observed fate factor at a given time, which aggregates both storage and transformation processes and a "steady state fate factor", specific to the system considered. The range of steady state fate factors obtained for the study region was wide, from 0.44 to 0.86, depending primarily on the catchment type and secondarily on the effective rainfall. The sensitivity of the LCA of pig production to the fate factors was significant concerning eutrophication, but potentially much larger concerning climate change. The potential for producing improved eutrophication results by using spatially differentiated fate factors was demonstrated. Additionally, the urgent need for quantitative studies on the N(2)O/N(2) ratio in riparian zones denitrification was highlighted.  相似文献   
6.
J. Tranter  BSc  C. Hunter  BSc  PhD    J. Gunn  BSc  PhD  J. Perkins  BSc  PhD 《Water and Environment Journal》1996,10(4):273-279
Faecal coliform concentrations were determined at stream and water inflow sampling sites within an upland catchment in North Derbyshire containing rough, semiimproved and improved pastures. The results indicated that, during its passage through the catchment, the faecal indicators of the stream increased, and this may constitute a health risk to cavers using a popular recreational cave into which the stream drains. The decline in streamwater quality suggests that a semipermanent store of bacteria existed in catchment soils, and hydrological processes operated to transfer bacteria from the land to the stream channel. Contrary to expectations, intra-catchment differences in the bacterial quality of water at inflow and stream sampling sites could not be related to the intensity of agricultural land use in adjacent areas. This is explained with reference to changes in the nature of hydrological transport pathways associated with the improvement of pastures.  相似文献   
7.
Urban watercourses are potential hazards because of their rapid flow changes, poor water quality and contaminated sediments. This study is a preliminary field investigation into fine sediment-associated metal contamination and its transport dynamics in a highly urbanised catchment in West Yorkshire, UK. Spatial and temporal changes in the concentration of channel-bed sediment-associated metals are investigated, and the fluxes of selected suspended sediment-associated metals, during an extreme high flow event, are determined. Channel-bed sediments were more contaminated at the most heavily urbanised sites. Data suggest that contaminated bed sediments could accumulate and possibly become increasingly contaminated between high-flow events, prior to being flushed from the system. Fluxes of contaminated suspended sediments were very high at the peak of the high flow event. The spatial and temporal dynamics of contaminated fine sediment which were identified in this study could inform planners with regard to future monitoring strategies.  相似文献   
8.
同位素测年新发展:~(81)Kr测定古老地下水年龄理论   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
自从1966年Loosli&Oeschchger测定出大气中的81Kr,就已经有人设想放射性81Kr(半衰期为(2.29±0.11)×105年)可能成为测定古老地下水年龄(105~106年)的有效工具。但一直没有付诸实践,直到2000年,Collon等人首次利用81Kr同位素确定澳大利亚大自流盆地(GAB)的古老地下水年龄。本篇文章中主要介绍了影响81Kr同位素测年的因素,81Kr的取样制样分析过程,回旋加速质谱仪分析81Kr同位素的原理。  相似文献   
9.
降雨径流关系是工程水文学领域中一个重要的应用问题,利用Copula函数在捕捉多变量间相依结构的灵活性这一优点,引入Archimedean Copula函数构建流域降雨-径流联合分布,诊断流域降雨-径流关系变异。以泾河流域为例,确定了降雨、径流分别服从Gumbel分布与对数正态分布,Copula函数检验结果表明,泾河流域降雨径流关系变异发生在1996年,并以降雨-径流关系变异点为分割点,将降雨、径流序列分割为1960~1996与1997~2010年两个阶段,分析表明两个时段降雨-径流关系发生较大变化,相同降雨情况下1997~2010年产流量相对1960~1996年减小30%以上,年降水量越小,产流量减小幅度越大,当年降水量为500mm时,减小幅度达到37.59%,并结合人类活动对照等分析,验证了Copula函数诊断流域降雨径流关系变异结果的合理性与准确性。  相似文献   
10.
在分析现有基于集对分析的年径流丰枯分类方法不足的基础上,考虑径流等级划分的模糊性和径流的年内分布特性,提出模糊化径流分级标准,并引入基于径流分布的年内丰枯贡献权重因子,得到年径流对于各个等级的综合隶属度,进而利用集对分析方法判断年径流的丰枯等级。利用所提方法对溪洛渡径流丰枯等级进行分析,结果表明该方法较于单一的集对分析方法能更好的描述径流丰枯状态。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号