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1.
Aiming at the performance degradation of the existing presentation attack detection methods due to the illumination variation, a two-stream vision transformers framework (TSViT) based on transfer learning in two complementary spaces is proposed in this paper. The face images of RGB color space and multi-scale retinex with color restoration (MSRCR) space are fed to TSViT to learn the distinguishing features of presentation attack detection. To effectively fuse features from two sources (RGB color space images and MSRCR images), a feature fusion method based on self-attention is built, which can effectively capture the complementarity of two features. Experiments and analysis on Oulu-NPU, CASIA-MFSD, and Replay-Attack databases show that it outperforms most existing methods in intra-database testing and achieves good generalization performance in cross-database testing.  相似文献   
2.
The mathematical characterization of the texture component plays an instrumental role in image decomposition. In this paper, we are concerned with a low-rank texture prior based cartoon–texture image decomposition model, which utilizes a total variation norm and a global nuclear norm to characterize the cartoon and texture components, respectively. It is promising that our decomposition model is not only extremely simple, but also works perfectly for globally well-patterned images in the sense that the model can recover cleaner texture (or details) than the other novel models. Moreover, such a model can be easily reformulated as a separable convex optimization problem, thereby enjoying a splitting nature so that we can employ a partially parallel splitting method (PPSM) to solve it efficiently. A series of numerical experiments on image restoration demonstrate that PPSM can recover slightly higher quality images than some existing algorithms in terms of taking less iterations or computing time in many cases.  相似文献   
3.
Sebastian Biba 《国际水》2018,43(5):622-641
This article analyzes China’s Mekong River politics before and after the establishment of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) from a comparative benefit-sharing perspective. China’s pre-LMC approach focused too much on the creation of economic benefits from and beyond the river while neglecting ecological benefits to the river. Moreover, despite the problems this ‘old’ approach caused for China and its downstream neighbours, China’s current LMC strategy seems to essentially replicate its former approach. While sustainable water resources management is identified as a priority area, actual cooperation and benefit sharing in this field remain insufficient.  相似文献   
4.
烟台市地处山东半岛东部,南、北濒临黄海、渤海,西与潍坊市、青岛市接壤,东与威海市毗邻;烟威高速、青威高速、沈海高速、荣乌高速、烟海高速形成连接各地的高速公路网络;蓝烟铁路、烟大铁路轮渡和青烟威荣城际铁路贯通南北;港口有烟台港、莱州港、龙口港、蓬莱港、牟平港、海阳港等;烟台蓬莱国际机场已开通多条国内、国际航线,构筑了调查区比较发达的陆、海、空交通枢纽。本文通过对烟台市矿山地质环境进行资料收集和研究概述,阐明烟台市矿山地质环境现状,为本地区矿山地质环境恢复和综合治理规划,实施矿山地质环境治理恢复工作提供基础依据。  相似文献   
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6.
ABSTRACT

This article explores how private owners can protect bodies of water through private property rights. It compares the use of conventional property rights in the Netherlands and New Zealand with a novel approach whereby a New Zealand river owns itself.  相似文献   
7.
The aim of this in vitro study is to investigate the effects of ozone and conventional cavity disinfectant on microleakage at the cavities which are restorated with different restorative materials. Ninety human molar teeth were used in this study. Black V cavities are prepared on buccal surfaces of teeth. Teeth are divided to 3 groups which contains 30 teeth. Group 1: ozone applied; Group 2: 2% chlorhexidine applied; Group 3: any disinfectant is not applied. And then all groups are divided to three subgroups. All subgroups are restored with silorane, ormocer, and traditional composite according to the manufacturer’s directions. Sections were examined under a microscope. Occlusal and gingival microleakage values by a separate researcher and scores were recorded. Statistically results were reviewed with ANOVA and Kruskal–Wallis Tests. Statistically significant difference of microleakage between cavity disinfectant and control groups’ occlusal and gingival lines was not found (p > 0.05). There was no differences at occlusal lines of composite subgroups (p > 0.05) but also significant difference at gingival lines was found (p < 0.05). Statistically significant difference was found among the composite materials, between chlorhexidine and control groups’ gingival lines. The most successful results at gingival lines were found with silorane.  相似文献   
8.
This study concerns an innovative project in the Dutch river Waal: the construction of longitudinal dams. By splitting the river into a main and secondary channel, these dams significantly impact the river landscape and the way it is used by different stakeholders. We report the results of a baseline study of the expectations local water-based recreationists (fishermen and boaters) had of the longitudinal dams before they were constructed. In addition, we explore their levels of place attachment, and use the visions of nature approach to elicit their lay philosophy of nature. We found that fishermen were more strongly attached to the area than boaters. Though expectations of the dams were generally negative, this differed significantly between fishermen and boaters, and between different dimensions of landscape change. We demonstrate the relevance of place attachment and visions of nature for understanding how recreationists perceive landscape change.  相似文献   
9.
酸性尾矿废弃地废石含有硫化物,在雨水的淋溶作用下会产出硫酸,加剧废弃地的酸化,增加企业环保成本,而生态修复工作就是从源头上控制废弃地的酸化。根据尾矿废弃地酸化机理,结合国内外最新研究进展,分析了生态修复技术现状;概述了隔离覆盖、改良剂改良、植物修复、微生物法等多种处理方法在实践中的适应性及优缺点,并分别介绍了隔离覆盖-植物修复技术、原位改良-植物修复技术在Reden煤矿、永平铜矿的成功应用案例。针对酸性尾矿废弃地的特点,单一处理方法具有较大的局限性,需要采用联合工艺进行治理,隔离覆盖-植物修复技术、原位改良-植物修复技术因见效快、效果好、操作简单,势必成为将来研究的主要方向。  相似文献   
10.
The building of adduction channels (penstocks) that conduct water from reservoirs to turbines, which are located kilometres from the dam, is becoming common, optimizing the electricity generation in small dams. This design creates a river stretch with reduced discharge between the dam and the powerhouse. This study evaluates the short‐term impacts of the below‐dam decrease in river flow on fish assemblages. Samples were collected in the reduced flow stretch of the Castro Alves Hydropower Plant (Antas River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) before the reservoir started operating (January 2008; mean discharge of 103.7 m3/s) and immediately after operation began (March 2008; mean discharge of 12.4 m3/s). Sampling was conducted in distinct habitats of the reduced flow stretch (slow waters—gillnets, sand beaches—seining nets, structured littoral—electrofishing, and fast waters—cast nets) with a strongly standardized effort. The attributes of the fish assemblages were not negatively affected by the flow reduction in any habitat sampled. However, distinct changes in the spatial structure were observed considering the different types of habitat predominantly used by the species, which represents an entire reorganization of the fish assemblages in the short term. It is fundamental that these short‐term aspects be considered in the licensing of hydropower plants in addition to the long‐term changes.  相似文献   
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