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1.
Many database applications currently deal with objects in a metric space. Examples of such objects include unstructured multimedia objects and points of interest (POIs) in a road network. The M-tree is a dynamic index structure that facilitates an efficient search for objects in a metric space. Studies have been conducted on the bulk loading of large datasets in an M-tree. However, because previous algorithms involve excessive distance computations and disk accesses, they perform poorly in terms of their index construction and search capability. This study proposes two efficient M-tree bulk loading algorithms. Our algorithms minimize the number of distance computations and disk accesses using FastMap and a space-filling curve, thereby significantly improving the index construction and search performance. Our second algorithm is an extension of the first, and it incorporates a partitioning clustering technique and flexible node architecture to further improve the search performance. Through the use of various synthetic and real-world datasets, the experimental results demonstrated that our algorithms improved the index construction performance by up to three orders of magnitude and the search performance by up to 20.3 times over the previous algorithm.  相似文献   
2.
基于分层加权的多边形图形匹配   总被引:6,自引:3,他引:3  
提出了一种适用凸凹多边形匹配的分层加权测度方法,在此方法中,对凹多边形、首先进行基于提取凸多边形的模式分解,对凹多边形添加辅助线,形成新的外接凸多边形、通过依次抽取外接凸多边形,将凹多边形表达为仅由凸多边形组成的多层拓扑结构,然后,利用预先定义的互为模板的相似度量准则和分层加权测度模型,计算得到多边形的相似度系数,从而实现凹多边形的匹配和检索。  相似文献   
3.
In this paper we propose a soft-output RAKE receiver for CDMA mobile terminals using low spreading factor and/or high-order modulation constellations for high data rates. Based on the outputs of theRAKE correlator fingers, the receiver produces symbol or bit metrics for soft decision decoding. The formulation of these metrics is derived analytically taking into account the multipath propagation, interfering users and channel estimation errors. Simulations show thata performance gain is achieved when low spreading factors or high-order modulation constellations are used.  相似文献   
4.
一种新的PCC-OFDM定时时偏盲估计   总被引:4,自引:2,他引:2  
多项式相消编码PCC是一种编码技术,在PCC—OFDM调制中,它把将发送的信息调制到一组加权的子载波而不是单个子载波中去。PCC能够显著地降低OFDM对载波频偏的敏感性。本文对PCC—OFDM系统提出了一种新的定时盲估计,估计器是在接收机中的FFT之前进行的。基于PCC—OFDM的符号波形特征,构建定时时偏估计度量函数。最大化度量来估计定时时偏。本估计器不需要训练序列、导频信号或周期前缀。仿真表明,估计器在一个OFDM符号内收敛,且误差较小。  相似文献   
5.
This paper presents a novel formulation for contour tracking.We model the second-order statistics of image regions and perform covariance matching under the variational level set framework.Specifically,covariance matrix is adopted as a visual object representation for partial differential equation(PDE) based contour tracking.Log-Euclidean calculus is used as a covariance distance metric instead of Euclidean distance which is unsuitable for measuring the similarities between covariance matrices,because the matrices typically lie on a non-Euclidean manifold.A novel image energy functional is formulated by minimizing the distance metric between the candidate object region and a given template,and maximizing the one between the background region and the template.The corresponding gradient flow is then derived according to a variational approach,enabling partial differential equations(PDEs) based contour tracking.Experiments on several challenging sequences prove the validity of the proposed method.  相似文献   
6.
非相似度保持投影   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
由主成分分析(PCA)可知任何一幅人脸图像都可以通过一组特征脸的线性加权来重构,PCA是最小均方误差意义下图像的最优表示,但是传统的PCA最终只通过比较加权系数的欧氏距离来进行识别,没有考虑残差。因此,提出非相似尺度的概念,将两个样本同时投影到相同向量上,在确定它们关系时既考虑投影系数,也考虑重构所产生的残差。两者的投影系数和残差相差越大,说明这两个样本越不相似。和保局投影(LPP)有所不同,非相似度保持投影算法不必预先设定近邻个数,它是利用非相似度的概念,创建非相似度散布矩阵,最终通过最大化目标函数获取最优子空间。在AR库和Feret库上的实验结果证明了该方法的有效性。  相似文献   
7.
A faster divide-and-conquer algorithm for constructing delaunay triangulations   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
Rex A. Dwyer 《Algorithmica》1987,2(1):137-151
An easily implemented modification to the divide-and-conquer algorithm for computing the Delaunay triangulation ofn sites in the plane is presented. The change reduces its (n logn) expected running time toO(n log logn) for a large class of distributions that includes the uniform distribution in the unit square. Experimental evidence presented demonstrates that the modified algorithm performs very well forn216, the range of the experiments. It is conjectured that the average number of edges it creates—a good measure of its efficiency—is no more than twice optimal forn less than seven trillion. The improvement is shown to extend to the computation of the Delaunay triangulation in theL p metric for 1<p.This research was supported by National Science Foundation Grants DCR-8352081 and DCR-8416190.  相似文献   
8.
继文献〔1〕之后证明了Fuzzy度量空间上映射的又一个不动点定理,使文献〔2〕的§1(3,4)的定理成为本文的特例。  相似文献   
9.
Multimodel analysis and controller design for nonlinear processes   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Multimodel analysis and controller design for nonlinear processes via gap metric is discussed. It is shown that the loop-shaping H approach can integrate the procedure of selecting operating points and the local controller design. The local controllers can guarantee not only stability but also performance specified by the pre- and/or post-compensators. Thus, at each operating points, local controllers can have similar performance, and the global performance of the system can be predicted.  相似文献   
10.
《Graphical Models》2014,76(2):57-69
This paper presents a novel approach based on the shape space concept to classify deformations of 3D models. A new quasi-conformal metric is introduced which measures the curvature changes at each vertex of each pose during the deformation. The shapes with similar deformation patterns follow a similar deformation curve in shape space. Energy functional of the deformation curve is minimized to calculate the geodesic curve connecting two shapes on the shape space manifold. The geodesic distance illustrates the similarity between two shapes, which is used to compute the similarity between the deformations. We applied our method to classify the left ventricle deformations of myopathic and control subjects, and the sensitivity and specificity of our method were 88.8% and 85.7%, which are higher than other methods based on the left ventricle cavity, which shows our method can quantify the similarity and disparity of the left ventricle motion well.  相似文献   
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