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1.
As haze intensifies in China, controlling haze emission has become the country's top priority for environmental protection. Because haze moves across different regions, it is necessary to develop a data envelopment analysis (DEA) model underpinned by both competition and cooperation to evaluate the haze emission efficiency in different provinces. This study innovatively adopts the spatial econometrics to construct the co-opetition matrices of Chinese provinces, then builds the co-opetition DEA model to evaluate the haze emission efficiency of them, and finally uses the haze data of 2015 as an example to assess the applicability of the model. The results of the study include the following: First, compared with the traditional CCR (A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & E. Rhodes) model, this study constructs the co-opetition DEA cross-efficiency model that integrates haze's feature of cross-border moving; thus, it is more in line with the reality of haze emission and movement. Second, compared with the efficiency value gained from the CCR model, the haze emission efficiency values for Tianjin and Guangdong, two decision-making units, register greater variance when using the DEA model. The reason might lie in that they have a different spatial transportation relationship with their surrounding provinces. Third, the haze emission efficiency of provinces, according to the evaluation based on the co-opetition DEA method, varies greatly: Those with high efficiency are mostly inland provinces with slow economic growth and adverse climatic conditions, whereas many of the provinces with low efficiency are located in the relatively prosperous East China. The specific co-opetition DEA model constructed in this study enriches the research on the DEA model, which can be applied to the emission efficiency evaluation of similar pollutants around the world and can contribute empirical support to the haze reducing efforts of the government with its empirical results.  相似文献   
2.
The authors reanalyzed assessment center (AC) multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrices containing correlations among postexercise dimension ratings (PEDRs) reported by F. Lievens and J. M. Conway (2001). Unlike F. Lievens and J. M. Conway, who used a correlated dimension-correlated uniqueness model, we used a different set of confirmatory-factor-analysis-based models (1-dimension-correlated Exercise and 1-dimension-correlated uniqueness models) to estimate dimension and exercise variance components in AC PEDRs. Results of reanalyses suggest that, consistent with previous narrative reviews, exercise variance components dominate over dimension variance components after all. Implications for AC construct validity and possible redirections of research on the validity of ACs are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)  相似文献   
3.
Computing surfaces invariant under subdivision   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
In this paper, we propose a general subdivision algorithm for generating surfaces. The algorithm has as motivation our earlier work on the design of free form curves where similar ideas were investigated. Here we describe some properties of uniform refinement algorithms for surface generation. A detail analysis of their properties will be given later by one of us.  相似文献   
4.
A novel approach is presented to calculate the sensitivities of the scattering parameters of microwave filters obtained with the full‐wave mode‐matching (MM) technique. Using only the MM simulation of the original network, the sensitivities of the scattering parameters with respect to all designable parameters are obtained. The adjoint network method (ANM) is applied to the generalized scattering matrices of the different filter components. This guarantees good accuracy of the calculated sensitivities. The implementation details are discussed for N‐resonator ridge waveguide filters. Excellent agreement is obtained between the sensitivities calculated using ANM and those obtained using the expensive central differences. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE, 2006.  相似文献   
5.
Finite element methods for dynamic analysis employing elements with drilling degrees of freedom are presented. The formulation is based on a variational principle in which displacements and rotations are interpolated independently. The issue of zero masses corresponding to rotational degrees of freedom is addressed and techniques for defining consistent and lumped rotational mass matrices are presented.  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, dynamic model of a class of parallel systems, namely, the hexaslides, is proposed. The model developed is based on the concept the decoupled natural orthogonal complement (DeNOC) matrices, introduced elsewhere. The dynamic model of hexslides, though complex due to the existence of multi-loop kinematic chains, is required for actuator power estimation, computed-torque control, optimum tool trajectory generation, etc. The use of DeNOC offers many physical interpretations, recursive algorithms, and parallel computations. Using the proposed dynamic model, a parallel inverse dynamics algorithm has been presented to compute the actuator forces. This is useful to choose suitable motors for an application. An illustration is provided using an existing machine tool based on hexaslides, namely, the HexaM, while it is carrying out a circular contouring. Secondly, the effect of leg and slider inertias is also studied, which clearly suggests that neither of these can be neglected while finding the actuator forces.  相似文献   
7.
This paper is concerned with the inversion of confluent Vandermonde matrices. A novel and simple recursive algorithm for inverting confluent Vandermonde matrices is presented. The algorithm is suitable for classroom use in both numerical as well as symbolic computation. Examples are included to illustrate the proposed algorithm.  相似文献   
8.
This paper considers the robust stability of a linear time-invariant state space model subject to real parameter perturbations. The problem is to find the distance of a given stable matrix from the set of unstable matrices. A new method, based on the properties of the Kronecker sum and two other composite matrices, is developed to study this problem; this new method makes it possible to distinguish real perturbations from complex ones. Although a procedure to find the exact value of the distance is still not available, some explicit lower bounds on the distance are obtained. The bounds are applicable only for the case of real plant perturbations, and are easy to compute numerically; if the matrix is large in size, an iterative procedure is given to compute the bounds. Various examples including a 46th-order spacecraft system are given to illustrate the results obtained. The examples show that the new bounds obtained can have an arbitrary degree of improvement over previously reported ones. This work has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada under Grant No. A4396.  相似文献   
9.
Recently, four canonical forms have been developed and applied to the dynamics and stability analysis of symmetric frames. In this paper, hyper‐symmetric matrices and specially structured matrices are defined and efficient methods are proposed for the eigensolution of such matrices. Applications are extended to hyper‐graphs and specially structured graphs. Simple methods are developed for calculating the eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrices of such graphs. The developments presented in this paper can also be considered as generalization of Form II and Form III symmetry, previously defined by the authors. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
10.
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