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1.
采用载荷分离法和多试样法对汽轮机某高压转子钢材料在高温下的断裂韧度值进行了测试,讨论了载荷分离法测断裂韧度的可靠性,并与传统的多试样法进行了对比。  相似文献   
2.
High-entropy alloys (HEAs), as a new class of metallic materials, have received more and more attention due to its excellent mechanical properties. In this study, the hydrogen absorption properties, such as hydrogen absorption capacity, thermodynamics, kinetics and cyclic properties, as well as the hydride structure of a newly designed TiZrNbTa HEA were investigated. The results showed that multiple hydrides including ε-ZrH2, ε-TiH2 and β-(Nb,Ta)H were found in the TiZrNbTa HEA after hydrogenation. With the increase of temperature from 293 K to 493 K, the maximum hydrogen absorption capacity decreased from 1.67 wt% to 1.25 wt% and the plateau pressure related with β-(Nb,Ta)H hydrides increased from 1.6 kPa to 14.8 kPa. The formation enthalpy of β-(Nb,Ta)H hydride was determined to be −6.4 kJ/mol, which was less stable than that of NbH and TaH hydrides. The results also showed that the TiZrNbTa HEA exhibited a rapid hydrogen absorption kinetic even at the room temperature with a short incubation time, and the hydrogen absorption mechanism was determined to be the nucleation and growth mechanism. Moreover, the hydrogen absorption capacity at 293 K decreased slowly with the cycle numbers, and remained 86% capacity after 10 cycles. Cracking occurred after hydrogen absorption and became worse with cycles.  相似文献   
3.
The analysis of 124 curves obtained in short-term tensile tests demonstrate that they can be described by varying strain hardening and softening characteristics. Different stress–strain curves can be produced at invariable yield strength and ultimate strength and interrelated proportional variations of the above characteristics. To determine some specific stress–strain curve, it is necessary to take account of yield strength and ultimate strength as well as strain corresponding to the latter. The relations between yield strength, ultimate strength and hardening and their practically complete absence between these parameters and softening were statistically established.  相似文献   
4.
通过比较多种材料的光滑薄圆筒和切口薄壁圆筒试样的扭断裂曲线,测向两种试验的断裂韧性KIIC相同,从而间接证实了利用光滑薄壁筒测定延性金属断裂韧性KC方法的正确性。  相似文献   
5.
We present methods to generate rendering sequences for triangle meshes which preserve mesh locality as much as possible. This is useful for maximizing vertex reuse when rendering the mesh using a FIFO vertex buffer, such as those available in modern 3D graphics hardware. The sequences are universal in the sense that they perform well for all sizes of vertex buffers, and generalize to progressive meshes. This has been verified experimentally.  相似文献   
6.
Non-pinched, minimum energy solutions are important class of distillation designs that offer the potential advantage of a better trade-off between capital investment and operating costs. In this paper, two important tasks associated with non-pinched distillation designs are studied. Thus the novel contributions of this work to the literature are
(1) A comprehensive methodology for finding non-pinched minimum energy designs.
(2) Understanding of the reasons for the existence of non-pinched distillation designs.
It is shown that the recent shortest stripping line distance approach of Lucia et al. [Lucia, A., Amale, A. and Taylor, R., 2007, Distillation pinch points and more. Comput Chem Eng, available on-line] is capable of systematically and reliably finding non-pinched, minimum energy distillation designs. In addition, we provide an understanding of the reasons behind the existence of non-pinched designs, which include trajectories that follow unstable branches of a pinch point curve in azeotropic systems, the inherent looping structure of trajectories in hydrocarbon separations, and the presence of ancillary constraints in multi-unit processes like extraction/distillation. Several distillation examples are studied and many numerical results and geometric illustrations are presented that show the shortest stripping line distance methodology is indeed a powerful and systematic tool for computing non-pinched, minimum energy designs and that support the underlying reason we provide for the existence of non-pinched designs.  相似文献   
7.
Education-driven research in CAD   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Jarek   《Computer aided design》2004,36(14):1461-1469
We argue for a new research category, named education-driven research (EDR), which fills the gap between traditional field-specific research that is not concerned with educational objectives and research in education that focuses on fundamental teaching and learning principles and possibly on their customization to broad areas (such as mathematics or physics), but not to specific disciplines (such as CAD). The objective of EDR is to simplify the formulation of the underlying theoretical foundations and of specific tools and solutions in a specialized domain, so as to make them easy to understand and internalize. As such, EDR is a difficult and genuine research activity, which requires a deep understanding of the specific field and can rarely be carried out by generalists with primary expertise in broad education principles. We illustrate the concept of EDR with three examples in CAD: (1) the Split and Tweak subdivisions of a polygon and its use for generating curves, surfaces, and animations; (2) the construction of a topological partition of a plane induced by an arbitrary arrangement of edges; and (3) a romantic definition of the minimal and Hausdorff distances. These examples demonstrate the value of using analogies, of introducing evocative terminology, and of synthesizing the simplest fundamental building blocks. The intuitive understanding provided by EDR enables the students (and even the instructor) to better appreciate the limitations of a particular solution and to explore alternatives. In particular, in these examples, EDR has allowed the author to: (1) reduce the cost of evaluating a cubic B-spline curve; (2) develop a new subdivision curve that is better approximated by its control polygon than either a cubic B-spline or an interpolating 4-point subdivision curve; (3) discover how a circuit inclusion tree may be used for identifying the faces in an arrangement; and (4) rectify a common misconception about the computation of the Hausdorff error between triangle meshes. We invite the scientific community to encourage the development of EDR by publishing its results as genuine research contributions in peer-reviewed professional journals.  相似文献   
8.
Techniques for improving the reliability and maintainability of both nonrepairable and repairable items can be suggested by failure data analysis. It is shown that a given set of failure numbers leads to very different improvement strategies when the numbers are the times-between-successive-failures of one or more repairable items, rather than the times-to-failure of nonrepairable items. Since this should have been obvious more than 50 years ago, at the onset of formal reliability engineering activities, several reasons are proffered for the widespread and protracted misinterpretation of even the most basic—and simple!—conceptual and practical differences between nonrepairable and repairable items.  相似文献   
9.
参数三次B样条曲线的一种整体光顺方法   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
本文在能量法的基础上,提出了一种新的目标函数,给出了参数三次B样条曲线的一种新的整体光顺方法。利用这种方法得到的曲线不仅具有较小的应变能,而且曲率变化比较均匀,具有很好的光顺效果。该方法能推广到对曲面的光顺。  相似文献   
10.
The search for dielectric materials with a high dielectric constant and ′r = ƒ(T) curves with a flat profile fitting the X7R specification is still ongoing. Promising results were obtained by mixing compounds with closely related structures, such as the tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) niobate K2Sr4Nb10O30 and the perovskite Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN). The present study, based on three methods of synthesis, explores the origin of the spreading out of the dielectric curves ′r = ƒ(T). For the composition 10x K0.2Sr0.4NbO3 (KSN) + (1 − x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) with x = 0.3–0.6, the three synthesis methods provided similar characteristics and for the highest perovskite ratio (x = 0.3), the ′r = ƒ(T) curve exhibits a flat profile. When lithium is used as a sintering agent, ′r = ƒ(T) curves present a linear dependency with the temperature. These materials are also characterized by a structural and a microstructural inhomogeneity. Two phases TTB and perovskite type, different from KSN and PMN, are present after calcination and sintering, but not evenly distributed. The PbO loss during sintering also contributes to the evolution of the properties of the material.  相似文献   
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