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1.
300 m级高拱坝设计与施工三维可视化仿真研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
双曲拱坝的C2连续曲面的三维模型表达困难,以双曲拱坝函数方程为基础引入CATIA三维软件,实现交互式设计和分析。同时,完成双曲拱坝细部模型的基于规则的智能化设计。基于大坝详细设计的三维成果,利用组件技术对模型数据进行提取和利用,制定施工方案并进行施工方案的动态可视化仿真。  相似文献   
2.
Abstract. In Keich (2000 ),we define a stationary tangent process, or a locally optimal stationary approximation, to a real non-stationary smooth Gaussian process. This paper extends the idea by constructing a discrete tangent – a `locally' optimal stationary approximation – for a discrete time, real Gaussian process. Analogously to the smooth case, our construction relies on a generalization of the recursion formula for the orthogonal polynomials of the spectral distribution function. More precisely, we use a generalization of the Schur parameters to identify the stationary tangent. By way of discretizing, we later demonstrate how this tangent can be used to obtain `good' local stationary approximations to non-smooth continuous time, real Gaussian processes. Further, we demonstrate how, analogously to the curvatures in the smooth case, the Schur parameters can be used to determine the order of stationarity of a non-smooth process.  相似文献   
3.
G~2-连续的保凸插值三次Bezier样条曲线   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文引入曲率参数,描述了分段三次Bezier插值样条曲线(开的和闭的)。这些插值曲线是G~2-连续的和保凸的,并且这些曲线可以作局部修改。最后,用本文的方法解决了一个实际问题。  相似文献   
4.
The use of damage-sensitive features to evaluate structural condition or health is a very critical aspect of structural health monitoring. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential of two different damage-sensitive features for detecting damage. Different damage scenarios are simulated on a large-scale laboratory structure and a three-span highway bridge for demonstration. The features presented in this paper are the modal flexibility-based deflection and curvature both of which are obtained directly from dynamic properties. In the literature, flexibility associated with mode shapes and mode shapes curvatures have been mostly explored. In this study, multi-input–multi-output dynamic data are used to obtain modal flexibility, which is a close approximation to the actual flexibility. A main novelty is that the curvature is calculated from the deflected shapes using the modal flexibility as opposed to using modal vectors. In this paper, the theory of the methodology is explained and then experimental studies and results are presented. For the experimental studies, the laboratory specimen and the three-span bridge were gradually damaged. It is shown that both deflection and curvature are conceptual and physically meaningful features for damage detection and localization. The issues and the requirements for these features to perform successfully are also presented.  相似文献   
5.
The use of the conventional semi-analytical stiffness method in finite element analysis, in which interpolation polynomials are used to develop the stiffness relationships, leads to problems of curvature locking when beam-type elements are developed for composite members with partial interaction between the materials of which it is comprised. The curvature locking phenomenon that occurs for composite steel–concrete members is quite well reported, and the general approach to minimizing the undesirable ramifications of curvature locking has been to use higher-order polynomials with increasing numbers of internal nodes. This paper presents an alternate formulation based on a direct stiffness approach rather than starting from pre-defined interpolation polynomials, and which does not possess the undesirable locking characteristics. The formulation is based on a more general approach for a bi-material composite flexural member, whose constituent materials are joined by elastic shear connection so as to provide partial interaction. The stiffness relationships are derived, and these are applied to a simply supported and a continuous steel–concrete composite beam to demonstrate the efficacy of the method, and in particular its ability to model accurately both very flexible and very stiff shear connection that causes difficulties when implemented in competitive semi-analytical algorithms. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
6.
参数三次B样条曲线的一种整体光顺方法   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
本文在能量法的基础上,提出了一种新的目标函数,给出了参数三次B样条曲线的一种新的整体光顺方法。利用这种方法得到的曲线不仅具有较小的应变能,而且曲率变化比较均匀,具有很好的光顺效果。该方法能推广到对曲面的光顺。  相似文献   
7.
Elements of surfaces that bound a phase (β) in a two phase mixture (α+β) may be classified as: (a) convex (++) if both principal curvatures are positive; (b) concave (? ?) if both are negative; and (c) saddle (+ ?) if one is positive and the other negative. This classification excludes the limiting cases for which one or both of the principal curvatures is zero. The traces of these surfaces that form the boundaries of the β areas on a representative two dimensional section may also be: (a) convex (+) if the local curvature is positive; or (b) concave (?) if it is negative. Line intercepts may be tabulated separately for intersections with convex (+) and concave (?) segments of boundary. This paper presents a derivation of fundamental stereological formulae that relate these counting measurements to three-dimensional geometric properties of the structure they sample.  相似文献   
8.
介绍一种用于钢筋混凝土框架二阶弹塑性分析的简化单元模式。它考虑了轴力的二阶效应、横截面的塑化和塑性区长度等非线性因素的影响。利用杆件截面的弯矩—曲率关系,可以直接由弹性杆件的转角—位移方程建立单元的非线性刚度矩阵。经与试验结果比较,说明计算结果是正确的。  相似文献   
9.
曲线的透视不变性分割在基于二次曲线的三维重建中非常重要。首先给出了连续曲线零曲率点和角点的提取法,在数字图像中曲经是不连续的,曲率的变化受噪声的干扰很大。在这种情况下为了检测出零曲率点和角点,对曲线采用了高斯滤波然后再提到零曲率点和角点。实验证明这种方法效果优于直接求曲率法。  相似文献   
10.
We present a family of discrete isometric bending models (IBMs) for triangulated surfaces in 3-space. These models are derived from an axiomatic treatment of discrete Laplace operators, using these operators to obtain linear models for discrete mean curvature from which bending energies are assembled. Under the assumption of isometric surface deformations we show that these energies are quadratic in surface positions. The corresponding linear energy gradients and constant energy Hessians constitute an efficient model for computing bending forces and their derivatives, enabling fast time-integration of cloth dynamics with a two- to three-fold net speedup over existing nonlinear methods, and near-interactive rates for Willmore smoothing of large meshes.  相似文献   
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