首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   29049篇
  免费   2278篇
  国内免费   2031篇
电工技术   1500篇
技术理论   2篇
综合类   2848篇
化学工业   4541篇
金属工艺   2267篇
机械仪表   1438篇
建筑科学   2199篇
矿业工程   822篇
能源动力   1122篇
轻工业   3155篇
水利工程   854篇
石油天然气   1535篇
武器工业   248篇
无线电   1897篇
一般工业技术   5552篇
冶金工业   1204篇
原子能技术   322篇
自动化技术   1852篇
  2024年   72篇
  2023年   392篇
  2022年   629篇
  2021年   920篇
  2020年   815篇
  2019年   806篇
  2018年   687篇
  2017年   888篇
  2016年   979篇
  2015年   976篇
  2014年   1484篇
  2013年   1710篇
  2012年   1769篇
  2011年   2124篇
  2010年   1608篇
  2009年   1691篇
  2008年   1625篇
  2007年   1936篇
  2006年   1673篇
  2005年   1525篇
  2004年   1332篇
  2003年   1136篇
  2002年   986篇
  2001年   824篇
  2000年   775篇
  1999年   615篇
  1998年   553篇
  1997年   472篇
  1996年   381篇
  1995年   321篇
  1994年   250篇
  1993年   209篇
  1992年   212篇
  1991年   205篇
  1990年   170篇
  1989年   121篇
  1988年   102篇
  1987年   48篇
  1986年   45篇
  1985年   49篇
  1984年   62篇
  1983年   34篇
  1982年   28篇
  1981年   23篇
  1980年   14篇
  1979年   11篇
  1978年   9篇
  1977年   16篇
  1975年   8篇
  1974年   10篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(23):33223-33231
The effects of pH of the reaction solution and the concentration of phosphoric acid on the crystal growth behavior of LaPO4 crystallites were investigated and the mechanical properties of rare-earth phosphates were compared. As a result, the concentration of phosphoric acid of 10% was beneficial to the crystal growth of LaPO4 nanocrystalline. When the pH value of the reaction solution was 2, the size of LaPO4 crystallites increased gradually with the increasing reaction temperature, and the smallest crystallite size of 43.27 nm was obtained after heat-treatment at 1000 °C. Simultaneously, the activation energy for crystal growth of LaPO4 nanocrystalline was relatively lower (26.82 kJ mol−1). With the decreasing radii of rare-earth ions, the hardness, Young's modulus and fracture toughness of the bulk rare-earth phosphates exhibited a reduced tendency, resulted from the increase of porosity under the same preparation process.  相似文献   
2.
Recently, the successful synthesis of wafer-scale single-crystal graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), and MoS2 on transition metal surfaces with step edges boosted the research interests in synthesizing wafer-scale 2D single crystals on high-index substrate surfaces. Here, using hBN growth on high-index Cu surfaces as an example, a systematic theoretical study to understand the epitaxial growth of 2D materials on various high-index surfaces is performed. It is revealed that hBN orientation on a high-index surface is highly dependent on the alignment of the step edges of the surface as well as the surface roughness. On an ideal high-index surface, well-aligned hBN islands can be easily achieved, whereas curved step edges on a rough surface can lead to the alignment of hBN along with different directions. This study shows that high-index surfaces with a large step density are robust for templating the epitaxial growth of 2D single crystals due to their large tolerance for surface roughness and provides a general guideline for the epitaxial growth of various 2D single crystals.  相似文献   
3.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(24):34648-34656
The ability to combine layers with high mechanical strength and additional physicochemical properties, such as biocompatibility, makes the use of multilayer coatings attractive for various applications. The transition from single layer to nanolaminate architecture can improve the mechanical performance of the coatings by increasing the number of interfaces and decreasing the modulation period of the layers. The microstructural study of the nanolaminate (Al0·5Ti0.5)N/ZrN coating with a modulation period λ of ≃ 20 nm was carried out using the TEM-HRTEM method. It was found that the coatings of (Al0·5Ti0.5)N/ZrN series consisted of two phases: the fcc-(Ti,Al)N solid solution obtained by isomorphic substitution of Ti atoms with Al ones in the TiN crystal lattice and the cubic ZrN phase. ZrN layers had a high texture structure with [111]-preferred growth texture and made a dominant effect on the nucleation and growth of (Al0·5Ti0.5)N layers. The epitaxial growth process was the most pronounced for fcc-(Ti,Al)N (111)||fcc-(ZrN) (111) and fcc-(Ti,Al)N (200)||fcc-(ZrN) (200) grains. Finally, the new coating demonstrated high biocompatibility, failure to toxicity and supported U2OS osteogenic cells proliferation within 7 days of cultivation.  相似文献   
4.
5.
In flash sintering experiments, the thermal history of the sample is key to understanding the mechanisms underlying densification rate and final properties. By combining robust temperature measurements with current-ramp-rate control, this study examined the effects of the thermal profile on the flash sintering of yttria-stabilized zirconia, with experiments ranging from a few seconds to several hours. The final density was maximized at slower heating rates, although processes slower than a certain threshold led to grain growth. The amount of grain growth observed was comparable to a similar conventional thermal process. The bulk electrical conductivity correlated with the maximum temperature and cooling rate. The only property that exhibited behavior that could not be attributed to solely the thermal profile was the grain boundary conductivity, which was consistently higher than conventional in flash sintered samples. These results suggest that, during flash sintering, athermal electric field effects are relegated to the grain boundary.  相似文献   
6.
The enhancement in intrinsic catalytic activity and material conductivity of an electrocatalyst can leads to promoting HER activity. Herein, a successful nitrogenation of CoS2 (N–CoS2) catalyst has been investigated through the facile hydrothermal process followed by N2 annealing treatment. An optimized N–CoS2 catalyst reveals an outstanding hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance in alkaline as well as acidic electrolyte media, exhibiting an infinitesimal overpotential of ?0.137 and ?0.097 V at a current density of ?10 mA/cm2 (?0.309 and ?0.275 V at ?300 mA/cm2), corresponding respectively, with a modest Tafel slope of 117 and 101 mV/dec. Moreover, a static voltage response was observed at low and high current rates (?10 to ?100 mA/cm2) along with an excellent endurance up to 50 h even at ?100 mA/cm2. The excellent catalytic HER performance is ascribed to improved electronic conductivity and enhanced electrochemically active sites, which is aroused from the synergy and mutual interaction between heteroatoms that might have varied the surface chemistry of an active catalyst.  相似文献   
7.
Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 based textured ceramics (SLTT-S3T) with a texture fraction of 0.81 are successfully fabricated by the reactive template grain growth method, in which Sr0.9La0.1TiO3/20 wt%Ti was used as matrix and 10 wt% plate-like Sr3Ti2O7 template seeds were used as templates. The phase transition, microstructure evolution, and the anisotropic thermoelectric properties of SLTT-S3T ceramics were investigated. The results show that the ceramics are mainly composed of Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 and rutile TiO2 phases. Grains grow with a preferred orientation along (h00). A maximum ZT of 0.26 at 1073 K was achieved in the direction perpendicular to the tape casting direction. The low lattice thermal conductivity of 1.9 W/(m K) at 1073 K was obtained decreased by 34%, 40%, and 38% compared with non-textured, SrTiO3 and Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 ceramics prepared by the same process, can be attributed to the enhanced phonon scattering by the complex multi-scale boundaries and interfaces. This work provides a strategy of microstructural design for thermoelectric oxides to decrease intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity and further regulate thermoelectric properties via texture engineering.  相似文献   
8.
In this work, 0.5TRPO•0.5Gd2Zr2O7 ceramic with an average grain size of only ∼15 nm was prepared by a high pressure (5 GPa/520 °C) sintering method. Phase evolutions and microstructure changes of the as-fabricated super nano and micron-grained ceramics under a high-dose displacement damage induced by 300 keV Kr2+ ions were investigated. The results show that the super nano-grained ceramic has low degree of amorphization, obvious grain growth (2–3 times in grain size) and big Kr bubbles (10–68 nm) formation after irradiation. The micron-grained ceramic was severely amorphized after irradiation and many microcracks were formed parallel to its surface. The formation mechanism of Kr bubbles in the super nano-grained ceramic is on account of grain boundary diffusion and migration induced by the accumulation of the injecting Kr ions and irradiation defects. Nevertheless, microcracks formed in the micron-grained sample are caused by the accumulation of Kr atoms.  相似文献   
9.
在全国天然气管道“主干互联、区域成网”(以下简称“互联互通”)基础格局逐渐形成的背景下,天然气管网规模日益扩大、管道分支和气源增加,并且分布不集中、输送方向可变,使得输气方案更加灵活,可以更好地解决某些地域的供气紧张问题;但受现有站场和设备的限制,暂不能满足某些多线组合极限工况,使得“互联互通”的初衷难以全部实现。为了使得现有的各输气干线在实现“互联互通”之后可以满足更多的多线组合工况,在分析“互联互通”背景下M管网工况变化的基础上,研发了可以进行水力仿真和压气站方案制订的计算软件,并对3种极限工况下的不同输气量情况进行了可行性试算,进而基于试算结果提出了相应的管网改进建议。研究结果表明:(1)经验证,软件计算误差满足要求;(2)在M管道某处增设压气站或在某些输气站场配置压缩机组;(3) M管网改进调整后,可以完成大部分的多线组合极限工况,真正实现“互联互通”的输气方案。结论认为,该研究成果有助于推进全国天然气管网早日实现“互联互通”。  相似文献   
10.
This paper investigates the relationship between economic growth, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and energy consumption with an aim to test the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in five ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) by applying the panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) model as a new econometric technique. The PSTR model is more flexible and appropriate for describing cross-country heterogeneity and time instability. Our empirical results strongly rejected the null hypothesis of linearity, and the test for no remaining nonlinearity indicated a model with one transition function and two threshold parameters. The first regime (levels of GDP per capita below 4686 USD) showed that environmental degradation increases with economic growth while the trend was reversed in the second regime (GDP per capita above 4686 USD). The results also showed that energy consumption with either the first or the second regime lead to increase CO2. The overall results support the validity of the EKC hypothesis in the ASEAN countries.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号