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1.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(22):31920-31926
The Sr and Ba bearing Tl-1212 phase, Tl(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7 is an interesting superconductor. The Sr only bearing TlSr2CaCu2O7 is not easily prepared in the superconducting form. The Ba only bearing TlBa2CaCu2O7 on the other hand does not show improvement in the transition temperature with elemental substitution. In this work the influence of multivalent Se (non-metal) and Te (metalloid) substitutions at the Tl-site of Tl1-xMx(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7 (M = Se or Te) superconductors for x = 0–0.6 was studied. The samples were prepared via the conventional solid-state reaction method. XRD patterns showed a single Tl-1212 phase for x = 0 and 0.1 Se substituted samples. The critical current density at the peak temperature, Tp of the imaginary (χ”) part of the AC susceptibility (χ = χ’ +χ”), Jc-inter(Tp) for all samples was between 15 and 21 A cm−2. The highest superconducting transition temperature was shown by the x = 0.3 Se-substituted sample (Tc-onset = 104 K, Tc-zero = 89 K, Tcχ’ = 104 K and Tp = 80 K). Te suppressed the superconductivity of Tl-1212 phase. The order of highest transition temperatures are as follows: Tl1-xTex(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7<Tl(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7<Tl1-xSex(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7. This work showed that Se was better than Te in improving the transition temperature and flux pinning of the Tl-1212 phase. The roles of ionic radius of Se and Te on the superconductivity of Tl(Ba,Sr)CaCu2O7 are discussed in this paper.  相似文献   
2.
The existing analytical average bit error rate (ABER) expression of conventional generalised spatial modulation (CGSM) does not agree well with the Monte Carlo simulation results in the low signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) region. Hence, the first contribution of this paper is to derive a new and easy way to evaluate analytical ABER expression that improves the validation of the simulation results at low SNRs. Secondly, a novel system termed CGSM with enhanced spectral efficiency (CGSM‐ESE) is presented. This system is realised by applying a rotation angle to one of the two active transmit antennas. As a result, the overall spectral efficiency is increased by 1 bit/s/Hz when compared with the equivalent CGSM system. In order to validate the simulation results of CGSM‐ESE, the third contribution is to derive an analytical ABER expression. Finally, to improve the ABER performance of CGSM‐ESE, three link adaptation algorithms are developed. By assuming full knowledge of the channel at the receiver, the proposed algorithms select a subset of channel gain vector (CGV) pairs based on the Euclidean distance between all CGV pairs, CGV splitting, CGV amplitudes, or a combination of these.  相似文献   
3.
The present study attempts quantitative determination of changes in the morphological surface features viz. fractal dimension, lower and upper cut off length scale through Power Spectral Density analysis prior to and after irradiation of 100 KeV Ar+ ion beam at incidence angles of 0°, 40° and 60° on ZnO thin films. All the unirradiated and irradiated samples are subjected to photoelectrochemical characterization and a correlation between photoelectrochemical performance and morphological parameters is established. Sample irradiated at 40° angle at the fluence of 5 × 1016 ions/cm2 is found to possess maximum fractal dimension of 2.72, lower and upper cut off length scale of 3.16 nm and 63.00 nm respectively. This sample exhibits maximum photocurrent density of 3.19 mA/cm2 and applied bias photon-to-current efficiency of 1.12% at 1.23 V/RHE. Hydrogen gas collected for duration of 1 h for the same sample was ~4.83 mLcm?2.  相似文献   
4.
针对谱聚类融合模糊C-means(FCM)聚类的蛋白质相互作用(PPI)网络功能模块挖掘方法准确率不高、执行效率较低和易受假阳性影响的问题,提出一种基于模糊谱聚类的不确定PPI网络功能模块挖掘(FSC-FM)方法。首先,构建一个不确定PPI网络模型,使用边聚集系数给每一条蛋白质交互作用赋予一个存在概率测度,克服假阳性对实验结果的影响;第二,利用基于边聚集系数流行距离(FEC)策略改进谱聚类中的相似度计算,解决谱聚类算法对尺度参数敏感的问题,进而利用谱聚类算法对不确定PPI网络数据进行预处理,降低数据的维数,提高聚类的准确率;第三,设计基于密度的概率中心选取策略(DPCS)解决模糊C-means算法对初始聚类中心和聚类数目敏感的问题,并对预处理后的PPI数据进行FCM聚类,提高聚类的执行效率以及灵敏度;最后,采用改进的边期望稠密度(EED)对挖掘出的蛋白质功能模块进行过滤。在酵母菌DIP数据集上运行各个算法可知,FSC-FM与基于不确定图模型的检测蛋白质复合物(DCU)算法相比,F-measure值提高了27.92%,执行效率提高了27.92%;与在动态蛋白质相互作用网络中识别复合物的方法(CDUN)、演化算法(EA)、医学基因或蛋白质预测算法(MGPPA)相比也有更高的F-measure值和执行效率。实验结果表明,在不确定PPI网络中,FSC-FM适合用于功能模块的挖掘。  相似文献   
5.
Meng Wu  Hailong Li  Hongzhi Qi 《Indoor air》2020,30(3):534-543
Thermal comfort is an important factor for the design of buildings. Although it has been well recognized that many physiological parameters are linked to the state of thermal comfort or discomfort of humans, how to use physiological signal to judge the state of thermal comfort has not been well studied. In this paper, the feasibility of continuously determining feelings of personal thermal comfort was discussed by using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in private space. In the study, 22 subjects were exposed to thermally comfortable and uncomfortably hot environments, and their EEG signals were recorded. Spectral power features of the EEG signals were extracted, and an ensemble learning method using linear discriminant analysis or support vector machine as a sub-classifier was used to build the discriminant model. The results show that an average discriminate accuracy of 87.9% can be obtained within a detection window of 60 seconds. This study indicates that it is feasible to distinguish whether a person feels comfortable or too hot in their private space by multi-channel EEG signals without interruption and suggests possibility for further applications in neuroergonomics.  相似文献   
6.
According to the definition of spectral integral,a new spectral characteristic parameter,with the name Reversed Spectral Absorption Integral(RSAI),is proposed and used to retrieve the chromium content based on the Partial Least Squares Regression(PLSR) model.The contrastive study with other traditional spectral characteristic parameters,including differential transformation,inverse transformation,absorption area,etc.indicates that(1) the first derivation of square root transformed model can predict the chromium content quantitatively in terms of spectral transformations.(2) the stability of the absorption area model is slightly poor,and the chromium content of samples can only be estimated roughly.(3) However,as to the inversed spectral absorption integral model,the adjustment determination coefficient(Ad-R2) of the modeling and verification is 0.73 and 0.77,while the Root Mean Squared Error(RMSE) is 2.63 mg/kg and 2.36 mg/kg respectively with Relative Percent Deviation(RPD) being 3.21,which shows that the RSAI model has excellent prediction ability.So,the inversed spectral absorption integral new model can improve the accuracy and stability used to retrieve the chromium content,which provides a new idea for monitoring the chromium contamination in soil.  相似文献   
7.
The spectral overlap of color‐sampling filters increases errors when using a diagonal matrix transform, for color correction and reduces color distinction. Spectral sharpening is a transformation of colors that was introduced to reduce color‐constancy errors when the colors are collected through spectrally overlapping filters. The earlier color‐constancy methods improved color precision when the illuminant color is changed, but they overlooked the color distinction. In this article, we introduce a new spectral sharpening technique that has a good compromise of color precision and distinction, based on real physical constraints. The spectral overlap is measured through observing a gray reference chart with a set of real and spectrally disjoint filters selected by the user. The new sharpening method enables to sharpen colors obtained by a sensor without knowing the camera response functions. Experiments with real images showed that the colors sharpened by the new method have good levels of color precision and distinction as well. The color‐constancy performance is compared with the data‐based sharpening method in terms of both precision and distinction. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Col Res Appl, 40, 564–576, 2015  相似文献   
8.
储层泥浆侵入深度预测方法研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
泥浆侵入半径的确定尚缺乏严格的验证标准.以油水两相渗流理论和离子扩散方程为基础,结合储集层特点,研究了不同储层参数下泥浆滤液对地层的侵入特性.数值模拟侵入时间选取10 d和20 d.数值模拟结果表明,侵入半径在渗透率不变的情况下随孔隙度的增大而减小,在孔隙度不变的情况下随渗透率的增大而增大;当渗透率和孔隙度都发生变化时,泥浆侵入半径一般随孔隙度的增加呈幂函数增加.依据这种关系对测井资料约束处理,得到的泥浆侵入半径较客观地反映了地层的真实情况.  相似文献   
9.
A computerized form is given of IR spectral determination for structural group composition in high-boiling oil fractions by Berthold's method (7 structural elements) and Kuklinskii's method (28 structural elements), which reduces the analysis time by factors of 3–4 and improves the accuracy.  相似文献   
10.
对象族可镇定半径的计算   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
刘世岳  伍清河 《兵工学报》2003,24(2):242-245
本文采用优化方法把计算对象族的可镇定半径问题转化成优化问题。2范数定义下的可镇定半径采用了Lagrange乘子法求解;无穷范数意义下的可镇定半径采用了最小范数解方法求解。本文方法对可镇定半径的定义形式和不确定参数结构没有要求,因此更具有一般性。  相似文献   
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