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1.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(2):1898-1907
AlN ceramic was successfully wetted and then joined with nonactive Sn9Zn eutectic solder assisted by ultrasonication in air. The effect of ultrasonic time on the formation of joint was studied. Results indicated that the defect-free joint can be obtained at an ultrasonic time of 5 s. Two regions, namely, AlN/Sn (s,_s) and AlN/Zn (s,_s), were found in the bonding interface. Zn and O accumulated in the AlN/Sn (s,_s) interface. An amorphous and nanocrystalline layer of ZnO formed in the hard-wet AlN surface. And Zn (s,_s) directly bonded with AlN. The low temperature and fast bonding of the AlN was attributed to the high pressure and temperature caused by cavitation effect. The shear strength of the joint increased from 10.6 MPa to 30.7 MPa when the ultrasonic treatment time increased from 5 s to 150 s. With the prolongation of ultrasonic time, more AlN ceramic particles entered the solder and acted as the reinforcing phase.  相似文献   
2.
In this paper, a new kinetic model considering both oxidation and volatilization kinetics is established and applied to analyze the oxidation of SiC-B4C-xAl2O3 ceramics and other systems in various oxidation conditions. The effects of diffusion area and volume changes during the oxidation process are considered in this model. The physical meaning of each parameter in this model is explicit and simple. According to this model, the diffusion coefficient of species and the corresponding diffusion activation energy are easily available. The practicability of this model is well verified by the experimental data of SiC-B4C-xAl2O3 and other systems oxidized under different conditions. In addition, the practice shows that the model is applicable not only to the systems where oxidation and volatilization coexist, but also to the system where only oxidation plays a major role. We hope the model proposed in this work can be used in other materials with more complex environments.  相似文献   
3.
文章分析智能建造技术创新主体的特点,界定并划分智能建造技术协同创新主体互动关系的范畴和类别,建立智能建造协同创新的多方演化博弈模型,揭示智能建造技术协同创新主体互动关系。主要结论为:①智能建造技术协同创新呈现级联性、函数性、动态平衡性、不确定性和指数性特征;②智能建造技术协同创新主体互动关系分为同质性的内部主体互动和异质性的内部主体与外部主体互动,表现出利益共生、成长进化和共享协同的特征;③创新主体之间的互动行为有利于对创新资源进行有效配置,推动智能建造技术的应用。  相似文献   
4.
5.
Silica-based ceramics have been explored extensively as a class of versatile materials for various applications in architecture, catalysis, energy, machinery, and biomedical engineering. Nevertheless, comprehensive information on silica-based ceramic and electromagnetic microwave (EMW) absorption is scarce, although excellent progress has been made in this field. Here, recent progress in the investigation of silica-based ceramics toward EMW absorption is reviewed. We first introduced the basis of ceramics (characteristics, classification, synthetic methods, potential applications). Subsequently, the silica-based ceramics, including Si-based oxides and alloys, SiOC/SiC/Si3N4/SiCN-based composite, Ti3SiC2 and composite for EMW absorption were systematically summarized. Notably, the fabrication strategies, absorption properties, and mechanisms of silica-based ceramics are described in detail, with a focus on structure and component design. Lastly, the prospects and ongoing challenges of this field in the future are presented. This review is expected to learn from the past and achieve progress toward the future of silica-based ceramic for EMW absorption.  相似文献   
6.
ZrB2-MeC and ZrB2-19 vol% SiC-MexCy where Me=Cr, Mo, W were obtained by pressureless sintering. The capability to promote densification of ZrB2 and ZrB2-SiC matrices is the highest for WC and lowest for Cr3C2. The interaction between the components results in the formation of new phases, such as MeB (MoB, CrB, WB), a solid solution based on ZrC, and a solid solution based on ZrB2. The addition of Cr3C2 decreases the mechanical properties. On the other hand, the addition of Mo2C or WC to ZrB2-19 vol% SiC composite ceramics leads increased mechanical properties. Long-term oxidation of ceramics at 1500 °C for 50 h showed that, in binary ZrB2-MexCy, a protective oxide scale does not form on the surface thus leading to the destruction of the composite. On the contrary, triple composites showed high oxidation resistance, due to the formation of dense oxide scale on the surface, with ZrB2-SiC-Mo2C displaying the best performance.  相似文献   
7.
高熵形状记忆合金是在等原子比NiTi合金的基础上,结合高熵合金的概念,逐渐发展起来的一种新型高温形状记忆合金。近年来,已开发出了综合性能优异的(TiZrHf)50(NiCoCu)50系和(TiZrHf)50(NiCuPd)50系高熵形状记忆合金,引起了广泛的关注和研究兴趣。本文从物相组成、微观组织、马氏体相变行为、形状记忆效应和超弹性等角度出发,综述了高熵形状记忆合金的研究进展,并对高熵形状记忆合金未来的研究重点进行了展望。  相似文献   
8.
气溶胶池洗过滤是反应堆严重事故中去除放射性源项的重要手段。本文以严重事故条件下上升气泡中气溶胶的滞留过程为背景,设计搭建了可视化单气泡鼓泡实验装置。通过该装置研究了气溶胶在上升气泡中的沉降效率,并与MELCOR中的气溶胶沉降模型计算结果进行了对比。结果表明,气溶胶沉降效率对气泡尺寸的变化较为敏感,当气体流量大于0.1 L/min时,气泡等效直径迅速增加,相应的气溶胶沉降效率快速降低;与MELCOR模型计算结果的对比表明,两者在总体趋势上呈现出较好的一致性,但计算结果低估了液相对气溶胶的实际去除能力,导致这种偏差的主要原因是气泡在上升过程中存在无规则的晃动以及气液界面的波动。  相似文献   
9.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(5):6745-6749
A series of (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-x wt.% SiC (x = 0, 5, 10, 20) composites were prepared by spark plasma sintering. Dense microstructures with well‐dispersed SiC particles were obtained for all composites. With the increment of SiC content, the Vickers hardness, Young's modulus and fracture toughness increase monotonically. An optimized flexural strength of 706 MPa was achieved in (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-5 wt.%SiC composite. (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-20 wt%SiC composite exhibits the highest fracture toughness of 6.8 MPa m1/2. The crack deflections and the suppression of grain growth were the main strengthening and toughening mechanisms. Besides, (Ti0.5Nb0.5)C-20 wt%SiC composite exhibit the highest thermal conductivity of 45 W/m·K at 800 °C.  相似文献   
10.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(10):13927-13937
Long-term thermal cycling causes irreversible dimensional changes of the material, which in turn affects the reliability of precision instruments. In this paper, dimensional stability mechanisms of SiC/Al composites during thermal cycling were revealed using high-precision thermal dilatometer, XRD and spherical aberration correction transmission electron microscope (Cs-TEM). First, how the factors including dislocations, internal stress and precipitates affect the dimensional change of SiC/Al composites were separately introduced. Then, the integrated effect of these factors affecting the dimensional stability of SiC/Al composites was further discussed. Among them, the integrated effect of dislocation-internal stress in SiC/pure Al composites leads to an increase in dislocation density and average lattice constant, which leads to an increase in dimensional change. The integrated effect of dislocation-internal stress-precipitates in SiC/2024Al composites leads to a decrease in the average lattice constant and some changes in the precipitation behavior (including the type, density and lattice constant of the precipitates), which ultimately leads to a decrease in dimensional change. The dimensional change of the two types of composites was semi-quantitatively estimated. Finally, the reasons for the significantly higher dimensional stability of the SiC/2024Al composites were given.  相似文献   
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