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孙舒畅  管斌  陈婷  倪红  林赫 《柴油机》2018,40(4):10-14
基于车载排放测试系统进行SSCR系统国Ⅴ重型柴油车实际道路排放测试研究。SSCR后处理系统使用前后整车NO_x排放特征的比较显示:对比原NO_x排放,在市区工况下,SSCR系统可降低61.3%的NO_x排放,在高速工况下可以降低85.3%的NO_x排放。测试研究表明:安装有SS-CR系统的国Ⅴ重型柴油车在实际道路工况下NO_x排放符合国ⅤPEMS标准(送审稿)。  相似文献   
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针对扩散连接界面缺陷的无损检测问题,开展了人工缺陷试样的水浸超声检测试验研究,提出了扩散连接界面缺陷超声响应模型,开发了一种通过超声检测评估界面缺陷厚向尺寸的检测手段. 首先利用扩散连接的方法制备了带有人工缺陷扩散连接试样,采用30 MHz的入射波频率,对试样进行水浸超声无损检测. 基于超声无损检测原理提出了未焊合缺陷的超声响应模型,引入扩散连接界面劲度系数K作为桥梁建立起超声反射波反射率与界面缺陷尺寸之间的联系. 通过特定检测位置的超声反射波数据和实际微观缺陷尺寸数据拟合确定超声响应模型常数,进而实现基于超声无损检测的界面缺陷厚向尺寸评估. 结果表明,传统超声C扫描一般只是定性地反映缺陷存在与否,而厚向尺寸评估方法的提出在一定程度上为超声C扫描做了补充,有助于缺陷尺寸的定量检测,实现缺陷危害等级的评估.  相似文献   
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The evolution of new SARS-CoV-2 variants around the globe has made the COVID-19 pandemic more worrisome, further pressuring the health care system and immunity. Novel variations that are unique to the receptor-binding motif (RBM) of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) spike glycoprotein, i. e. L452R-E484Q, may play a different role in the B.1.617 (also known as G/452R.V3) variant's pathogenicity and better survival compared to the wild type. Therefore, a thorough analysis is needed to understand the impact of these mutations on binding with host receptor (RBD) and to guide new therapeutics development. In this study, we used structural and biomolecular simulation techniques to explore the impact of specific mutations (L452R-E484Q) in the B.1.617 variant on the binding of RBD to the host receptor ACE2. Our analysis revealed that the B.1.617 variant possesses different dynamic behaviours by altering dynamic-stability, residual flexibility and structural compactness. Moreover, the new variant had altered the bonding network and structural-dynamics properties significantly. MM/GBSA technique was used, which further established the binding differences between the wild type and B.1.617 variant. In conclusion, this study provides a strong impetus to develop novel drugs against the new SARS-CoV-2 variants.  相似文献   
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As one of the strategic emerging industries, the new energy vehicle (NEV) industry receives strong support from the Chinese government. The Chinese government has formulated a large number of policies to promote the development of NEV industry. Evaluating and analyzing the NEV policies are of great significance for improving policy formulation. In this study, we comprehensively analyze 253 NEV policy texts by employing quantitative and qualitative methods. We present the policy instrument types and semantic structure characteristics of policy texts based on the content analysis. The advantages and disadvantages of policy texts are identified by using a quantitative evaluation model. Our results show that the most frequently used policy instrument is regulatory, and the main policy objective is the demand-pull. The policies with higher scores are more comprehensive. Three suggestions are put forward to improve NEV policies.  相似文献   
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Concerns about climate change have spurred governments to reduce carbon emissions by supporting adoption of renewable energy (RE) technologies. Due to the intermittent and location-specific nature of RE technologies, energy storage has become important because it could be used to smooth out temporal disparities in residual demand. Thus, carbon policy has made storage-enabled RE generation more critical to the power sector, and this enhanced position could be exploited by firms to exert market power. Using an equilibrium model, we examine the implications of policy interventions and technological change on the marginal value of energy storage in a power market with RE and thermal generation. In particular, we specify the market conditions under which RE producers with storage strategically shift deployment of their resource to the off-peak period and outline its implications for the marginal value of RE storage. Moreover, we find that even price-taking RE producers may actually increase off-peak RE production as storage efficiency increases. Consequently, the RE producer's profit decreases with storage efficiency, which conflicts with the social objective of improving storage efficiency. These private and social incentives can be better aligned via a carbon tax, however. Hence, our results may inform the regulatory process governing market design of a power sector with increasing capacities of RE generation and storage.  相似文献   
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High strength steel products with good ductility can be produced via QP hot stamping process, while the phase transformation of the process is more complicated than common hot stamping since two-step quenching and one-step carbon partitioning processes are involved. In this study, an integrated model of microstructure evolution relating to QP hot stamping was presented with a persuasively predicted results of mechanical properties. The transformation of diffusional phase and non-diffusional phase, including original austenite grain size individually, were considered, as well as the carbon partitioning process which affects the secondary martensite transformation temperature and the subsequent phase transformations. Afterwards, the mechanical properties including hardness, strength, and elongation were calculated through a series of theoretical and empirical models in accordance with phase contents. Especially, a modified elongation prediction model was generated ultimately with higher accuracy than the existed Mileiko's model. In the end, the unified model was applied to simulate the QP hot stamping process of a U-cup part based on the finite element software LS-DYNA, where the calculated outputs were coincident with the measured consequences.  相似文献   
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Firms typically manage project portfolios with specific characteristics, including lengthy and high-risk projects with many similarities in human and technological resources and whose sequence and movement through the pipeline create longitudinal interdependencies. Interdependencies increase the complexity of project portfolios and create constraints in decision-making. This paper focuses on resource interdependencies and aims deepen our understanding of the extent to which resource interdependencies affect project termination. We study a sample of 417 new biotechnology-based drug discovery and development projects initiated by 25 biopharmaceutical SMEs. To test the hypotheses, we employ survival analysis and model terminations as a conditional probability and a corresponding hazard function. Our results show that for drug development projects, only certain types of interdependencies have a significant effect.  相似文献   
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传统的Metropolis-Hastings (MH)算法是一种常见的随机反演方法,可以得到大量来自于后验分布的样本,从而得到更可靠的参数估计和反演结果的不确定性信息,但对于较为复杂的参数空间,MH算法往往不能对其充分搜索。为此,针对该问题提出了基于量子退火MH算法的叠前随机反演方法,主要通过调节算法的接受概率提高算法的计算效率和稳定性。模型试算与实际数据反演结果表明,相较于传统的MH算法,该方法具有更高的收敛效率。  相似文献   
10.
东海西湖凹陷平湖组Ⅲ型干酪根暗色泥岩生排烃模拟   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
为更真实地刻画烃源岩生排烃过程及为油气资源定量评价提供合理的关键参数,对东海陆架盆地西湖凹陷始新统平湖组Ⅲ型干酪根暗色泥岩开展了半开放体系下热压生排烃模拟实验研究。模拟结果显示,该暗色泥岩的生排烃过程主要包括初期缓慢生油阶段(Ro=0.5%~0.7%)、早期快速生排油阶段(Ro=0.7%~1.0%)、中期油裂解气阶段(Ro=1.0%~1.5%)、后期主生气阶段(Ro=1.5%~2.3%)及晚期生干气阶段(Ro>2.3%)。该烃源岩的排油门限(Ro)约为0.7%,其生气范围较宽(Ro=1.0%~3.0%),且在高—过热演化阶段仍具备较强的生气能力,是以生气为主的气源岩。通过对实验结果和样品生排烃特征的研究,建立了一套西湖凹陷平湖组Ⅲ型暗色泥岩生气与生排油过程及潜力评价的数学模型,可用于该区资源量计算。与封闭体系的高温高压黄金管热模拟实验相比,半开放体系下烃源岩热压生排烃模拟实验的累计产油率更高,也更接近实际地质情况,据此评价可使西湖凹陷具有更大的油气资源量。  相似文献   
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