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1.
The germline carrier of the BRCA1 pathogenic mutation has been well proven to confer an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Despite BRCA1 biallelic pathogenic mutations being extremely rare, they have been reported to be embryonically lethal or to cause Fanconi anemia (FA). Here we describe a patient who was a 48-year-old female identified with biallelic pathogenic mutations of the BRCA1 gene, with no or very subtle FA-features. She was diagnosed with ovarian cancer and breast cancer at the ages of 43 and 44 and had a strong family history of breast and gynecological cancers.  相似文献   
2.
通过借鉴中医学整体观和生命观的相关理论,从认识城市有机体的生命属性入手,发现并提炼能够产生和传递城市运营所需各种能量的生命要素:廊道和功能体。阐释了其多层级、多性质和多形态的特点,提出了功能体有动力、廊道成系统、敏感点有活力的疏通策略,旨在促进城市各种能量的有机循环,从而维护城市的健康与安全,提高城市生活的效率与质量。  相似文献   
3.
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the impact of solid fuel use for heating and cooking on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension, using data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The primary fuels used for indoor heating and cooking were collected by questionnaires, respectively. Hypertension was defined based on self-report of physician's diagnosis, and/or measured BP, and/or anti-hypertensive medication use. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to assess the associations. Among 10 450 eligible participants, 68.2% and 57.2% used indoor solid fuel for heating and cooking, respectively. Compared with none/clean fuel users, solid fuel for heating was associated with elevated BP (adjusted β: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.04–3.01 for systolic BP; adjusted β: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.78–1.94 for diastolic BP) and increased risk of hypertension (adjusted odds ratio: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.03–1.29). The impact of indoor solid fuel for heating on BP was more evident in rural and north residents, and hypertensive patients. We did not detect any significant associations between solid fuel use for cooking and BP/hypertension. Indoor solid fuel use is prevalent in China, especially in the rural areas. Its negative impact on BP suggested that modernization of household fuel use may help to reduce the burden of hypertension in China.  相似文献   
4.
The Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT) explains how to estimate an integer-valued number from the knowledge of the remainders obtained by dividing such unknown integer by co-prime integers. As an algebraic theorem, CRT is the basis for several techniques concerning data processing. For instance, considering a single-tone signal whose frequency value is above the sampling rate, the respective peak in the DFT informs the impinging frequency value modulo the sampling rate. CRT is nevertheless sensitive to errors in the remainders, and many efforts have been developed in order to improve its robustness. In this paper, we propose a technique to estimate real-valued numbers by means of CRT, employing for this goal a Kroenecker based M-Estimation (ME), specially suitable for CRT systems with low number of remainders. Since ME schemes are in general computationally expensive, we propose a mapping vector obtained via Kroenecker products which considerably reduces the computational complexity. Furthermore, our proposed technique enhances the probability of estimating an unknown number accurately even when the errors in the remainders surpass 1/4 of the greatest common divisor of all moduli. We also provide a version of the mapping vectors based on tensorial n-mode products, delivering in the end the same information of the original method. Our approach outperforms the state-of-the-art CRT methods not only in terms of percentage of successful estimations but also in terms of smaller average error.  相似文献   
5.
The crystallization phenomena of spinel in CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-Fe2O3 glass have received much attention due to the particular role in preparation of glass-ceramic materials, which represent an effective option to manage hazardous waste. In this study, both preliminary spinel and secondary spinel were precipitated in the precursor glass. The formation of these spinel was meticulously assessed by a combination of X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy. The structure of the microenvironment in the precursor glass was characterized by Raman spectrums. These advanced techniques highlight the potential for one-step crystallization of the glass. The investigation, which focused on one-step crystallization, demonstrated the growth of pyroxene on spinel accompanying a migration of chromium. The results also show the microstructure of the obtained glass-ceramic was very dependent on the heat-treat temperature. This study not only unambiguously reveals the precipitation mechanisms of spinel but also provides more documentation for one-step crystallization in the glass-ceramics field.  相似文献   
6.
针对基于规则和统计的传统中文简历解析方法效率低、成本高、泛化能力差的缺点,提出一种基于特征融合的中文简历解析方法,即级联Word2Vec生成的词向量和用BLSTM(Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory)建模字序列生成的词向量,然后再结合BLSTM和CRF(Conditional Random Fields)对中文简历进行解析(BLSTM-CRF)。为了提高中文简历解析的效率,级联包含字序列信息的词向量和用Word2Vec生成的词向量,融合成一个新的词向量表示;再由BLSTM强大的学习能力融合词的上下文信息,输出所有可能标签序列的分值给CRF层;再由CRF引入标签之间约束关系求解最优序列。利用梯度下降算法训练神经网络,使用预先训练的词向量和Dropout优化神经网络,最终完成对中文简历的解析工作。实验结果表明,所提的特征融合方法优于传统的简历解析方法。  相似文献   
7.
介绍了一种新型的通信传媒设备,详细介绍了该接收机的工作机理、结构、功能特点以及软硬件的设计思路。  相似文献   
8.
亚麻织物无醛免烫整理工艺研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
采用多元羧酸聚合型无醛免烫整理剂处理亚麻织物,确立了整理剂、催化剂、添加剂用量等最佳工艺条件,整理后亚麻织物的免烫性能得到了明显的改善。  相似文献   
9.
要提高曲线轮廓汉字的还原质量, 需要在字形还原时采用网格适配技术本文介绍了网格适配的基本原理, 并在分析汉字字形还原失真现象的基础上, 给出了我们自己设计并实现的适合于曲线轮廓汉字特点的二种网格适配方法, 即动态的补象素算法和曲线轮廓汉字的技术  相似文献   
10.
中国古典园林三维造型研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
论述了采用层次结构化及参数化三维造型方法,建立一个以造型函数库为核心,从而构造各类、各级园林景观构件表面模型的方法和过程。对于某些非建筑类的园林配景构件,采用了Fractal方法进行造型。  相似文献   
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