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1.
Through a facile hydrothermal method, we have successfully prepared Ti3C2/Bi2.15WO6 (TC/BWO) composite, and systematically investigated their reactivity for the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) under visible light. X-ray diffraction and Raman analysis confirm the formation of heterostructure between Bi2.15WO6 and Ti3C2. The resultant 7TC/BWO composite exhibits enhanced photoactivity toward Cr(VI) reduction. After 120 min irradiation, the conversion of Cr(VI) reaches 92.5% with the quasi-first-order kinetic constant of k = 0.0145 min?1, which is higher than that of pure BWO (30% and k = 0.0005 min?1). The electrochemical and photoluminescent characterization confirm that the introduction of Ti3C2 is conducive to the separation of carriers, thus significantly improves the photocatalytic performance of TC/BWO. Furthermore, the radical capture experiments verify that the electrons are important for enhancing reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). As a result, this research provides a comprehensive understanding of the reduction of Cr(VI) by TC/BWO composite under visible light.  相似文献   
2.
The fuel cell/battery durability and hybrid system stability are major considerations for the power management of fuel cell hybrid electric bus (FCHEB) operating on complicated driving conditions. In this paper, a real time nonlinear adaptive control (NAC) with stability analyze is formulated for power management of FCHEB. Firstly, the mathematical model of hybrid power system is analyzed, which is established for control-oriented design. Furthermore, the NAC-based strategy with quadratic Lyapunov function is set up to guarantee the stability of closed-loop power system, and the power split between fuel cell and battery is controlled with the durability consideration. Finally, two real-time power management strategies, state machine control (SMC) and fuzzy logic control (FLC), are implemented to evaluate the performance of NAC-based strategy, and the simulation results suggest that the guaranteed stability of NAC-based strategy can efficiently prolong fuel cell/battery lifespan and provide better fuel consumption economy for FCHEB.  相似文献   
3.
Highly-efficient and stable non-noble metal electrocatalysts for overcoming the sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is urgent for water electrolysis. Biomass-derived biochar has been considered as promising carbon material because of its advantages such as low-cost, renewable, simple preparation, rich structure, and easy to obtain heteroatom by in-situ doping. Herein, Ni2P–Fe2P bimetallic phosphide spherical nanocages encapsulated in N/P-doped pine needles biochar is prepared via a simple two-step pyrolysis method. Benefiting from the maximum synergistic effects of bimetallic phosphide and biochar, high conductivity of biochar encapsulation, highly exposed active sites of Ni2P–Fe2P spherical nanocages, rapid mass transfer in porous channels with large specific surface area, and the promotion in adsorption of reaction intermediates by high-level heteroatom doping, the (Ni0.75Fe0.25)2P@NP/C demonstrates excellent OER activity with an overpotential of 250 mV and a Tafel slope of 48 mV/dec at 10 mA/cm2 in 1 M KOH. Also it exhibits a long-term durability in 10 h electrolysis and its activity even improves during the electrocatalytic process. The present work provides a favorable strategy for the inexpensive synthesis of biochar-based transition metal electrocatalysts toward OER, and improves the water electrolysis for hydrogen production.  相似文献   
4.
Nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM) is crucial for extracting patterns of electricity consumption of household appliance that can guide users’ behavior in using electricity while their privacy is respected. This study proposes an online method based on the transient behavior of individual appliances as well as system steady-state characteristics to estimate the operating states of the appliances. It determines the number of states for each appliance using the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) method and models the transition relationship among different states. The states of the working appliances are identified from aggregated power signals using the Kalman filtering method in the factorial hidden Markov model (FHMM). Thereafter, the identified states are confirmed by the verification of system states, which are the combination of the working states of individual appliances. The verification step involves comparing the total measured power consumption with the total estimated power consumption. The use of transient features can achieve fast state inference and it is suitable for online load disaggregation. The proposed method was tested on a high-resolution data set such as Labeled hIgh-Frequency daTaset for Electricity Disaggregation (LIFTED) and it outperformed other related methods in the literature.  相似文献   
5.
6.
This work describes facile synthesis of a porous polymeric material ( T-HCP ) using readily available reagents. Specifically, T-HCP is a thermally stable and hypercrosslinked polymer (HCP) that is essentially microporous with a high BET specific surface area (940 m2 g?1). Triptycene based polymers are known to feature internal free volume. Thus, the incorporation of triptycene units and extensive crosslinking by an external cross-linker in T-HCP makes it a promising adsorbent for small gas capture applications. Experimental results show that T-HCP demonstrated good CO2 capture capacity of 132 mg g?1 (273 K, 1 bar). Molecular hydrogen storage capacity of T-HCP is estimated to be 17.7 mg g?1 (77 K, 1 bar). T-HCP revealed high CO2/N2 selectivity (up to 63) as well as promising CO2/CH4 (up to 9.1) selectivity suggesting its potential applicability for CO2 separation from flue and natural gases.  相似文献   
7.
建立高效液相色谱法测定化妆品中依克多因的分析方法,采用Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18色谱柱(100 mm×3.0 mm,2.7μm)分离,以甲醇和p H为3.0的40 mmol/L磷酸二氢钠-10 mmol/L 1-庚烷磺酸钠缓冲溶液梯度洗脱,流速0.8 m L/min,柱温30℃,检测波长210 nm。采用外标法定量测定化妆品中的依克多因含量。结果表明,依克多因在5~800 mg/L的质量浓度范围内呈现良好线性关系,相关系数为0.999 8,方法的检出限和定量限分别为0.3和1.0 mg/L。该方法具有分离效率高、分析时间短、节省溶剂等优点,解决了依克多因在C18色谱柱上保留弱的问题。  相似文献   
8.
电力保护装置在出厂前要进行严格的板卡测试,传统板卡测试系统自动化程度较低,功能不够强大,且开发成本高,通用性不好。针对以上不足,设计了一种基于虚拟仪器的板卡测试系统,该系统主要由测试程序和上位机两部分组成,测试程序主要完成对板卡设备的模块化测试,并给出测试结果;上位机通过以太网与测试板卡通信,借助FTP和telnet技术,完成整个测试程序的发送、执行、测试结果的获取等功能。以电力保护装置内的CPU板卡为研究对象,结果表明,该测试系统可对板卡进行高效率自动测试,测试结果可靠,故障信息可追踪,可有效提高电力保护装置调试的通过率,保证企业产品的可靠性。  相似文献   
9.
本文主要总结了新冠疫情期间作者的电磁场理论课程在线教学经验。对比分析了录播和直播的优缺点后,选择录播教学方式。基于超星网络教学平台,展示了录播网络教学的具体措施,包括网上答疑和学习效果检查以及在线批改作业等。给出了网络教学可以为线下教学继续使用的方法和手段,为疫情结束后的正常教学提供了新的网络教学补充措施。  相似文献   
10.
崔荣荣 《包装工程》2022,43(6):11-23
目的 了解近年来传统纺织服饰图案的研究动态及发展趋势,归纳学术研究成果并进行评价,总结研究传统服饰图案的意义和对现代设计的启示。方法 基于史论视角、社会文化视角、工艺美术视角和设计艺术视角梳理相关文献,结合现有研究分析中国传统服饰图案的资料来源及其特色、传统服饰图案的研究热点、新时代传统服饰图案的生存策略及中国传统服饰图案创新设计的应用领域。结果指出传统服饰图案的研究史料取材丰富、研究类型呈现多元;当前传统服饰图案的传承与创新体现了数字化发展、美育引导、政策支持的特点;传统服饰图案在服装设计、公共空间、文创产品中大放异彩。结论 中国传统纺织服饰图案研究多点开花,但缺乏系统整体的“中国传统纺织服饰图案知识谱系”用于指导相关研究和实践,对中国传统纺织服饰图案的研究多处于实证分析的层面且欠缺深入独到的理论,通过综述与价值阐述,提出研究的不足之处,纵深学术研究,同时为中国传统纺织服饰图案的现代设计提供新思路。  相似文献   
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