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1.
The spinal ejaculation generator (SEG) is located in the central gray (lamina X) of the rat lumbar spinal cord and plays a pivotal role in the ejaculatory reflex. We recently reported that SEG neurons express the oxytocin receptor and are activated by oxytocin projections from the paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (PVH). However, it is unknown whether the SEG responds to oxytocin in vivo. In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of the brain–spinal cord neural circuit that controls male sexual function using a newly developed in vivo electrophysiological technique. Optogenetic stimulation of the PVH of rats expressing channel rhodopsin under the oxytocin receptor promoter increased the spontaneous firing of most lamina X SEG neurons. This is the first demonstration of the in vivo electrical response from the deeper (lamina X) neurons in the spinal cord. Furthermore, we succeeded in the in vivo whole-cell recordings of lamina X neurons. In vivo whole-cell recordings may reveal the features of lamina X SEG neurons, including differences in neurotransmitters and response to stimulation. Taken together, these results suggest that in vivo electrophysiological stimulation can elucidate the neurophysiological response of a variety of spinal neurons during male sexual behavior.  相似文献   
2.
文章介绍了海外某大型火力发电厂发生的一起发电机定子接地故障的分析和处理过程,对发电厂类似故障的处理和海外发电厂的运行和维护提供了参考。  相似文献   
3.
吕薇  姜根山  刘月超  张伟 《声学技术》2022,41(6):789-795
为了研究温度分布对于管阵列结构中的声透射特性的影响,以核电站的实际工况为背景,构建了不同的温度场以及周期性变化的非均匀温度场,利用有限元方法进行数值模拟。结果表明:(1)温度分布会改变管阵列声透射频谱的“禁带”宽度以及中心频率位置。在同一介质中,温度变化对频率较高位置的影响大于频率较低的位置。(2)在同样为10℃的温度差下,当水的平均声速为1 653 m·s-1、饱和水蒸气的平均声速为522.5 m·s-1时,介质为水时的禁带宽度及中心频率位置变化较大,即声速大的介质的频谱对于温度的变化更敏感。(3)当温度差在10℃以内,在周期性变化的非均匀温度场和与均匀温度场中管阵列声透射特性在第一中心频率23 996.1 Hz之前,两频谱差别很小,在第一禁带之后会出现明显区别。该研究成果对完善核电站应用的声学检测提供了理论基础。  相似文献   
4.
As one of the cleanest energies, hydrogen has attracted much attention over the past decade. Hydrogen can be produced using water electrolysis in a Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Cell (PEMEC). In the present study, the performance of the PEMEC, powered by the Photovoltaic-Thermal (PVT) system, is scrutinized. It is considered that the PVT system provides the required electrical power of the PEMEC and preheats the feedwater. A comprehensive numerical model of the coupled PVT-PEMEC system is developed. The model is used to investigate the effect of various operating parameters, including solar radiation intensity, inlet feedwater temperature, and feedwater mass flow rate, on the hydrogen production and operating voltage of the PEMEC at various Exchange Current Densities (ECDs). Furthermore, the effect of integration of Phase Change Material (PCM) and Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) on the hydrogen production of the system is evaluated. According to the obtained results, the PVT-TEG-PEMEC system outperforms other systems in hydrogen production. However, integration of the PVT-PEMEC system with PCM has a negligible effect on its hydrogen production.  相似文献   
5.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(8):10852-10861
Carbon cloth was used as a flexible substrate for bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) particles to provide flexibility and improve the overall thermoelectric performance. Bi2Te3 on carbon cloth (Bi2Te3/CC) was synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction with various reaction times. After over 12 h, the Bi2Te3 particles showed a clear hexagonal shape and were evenly adhered to the carbon cloth. Selenium (Se) atoms were doped into the Bi2Te3 structure to improve its thermoelectric performance. The electrical conductivity increased with increasing Se-dopant content until 40% Se was added. Moreover, the maximum power factor was 1300 μW/mK2 at 473 K for the 30% Se-doped sample. The carbon cloth substrate maintained its electrical resistivity and flexibility after 2000 bending cycles. A flexible thermoelectric generator (TEG) fabricated using the five pairs of 30% Se-doped sample showed an open-circuit voltage of 17.4 mV and maximum power output of 850 nW at temperature difference ΔT = 30 K. This work offers a promising approach for providing flexibility and improving the thermoelectric performance of inorganic thermoelectric materials for wearable device applications using flexible carbon cloth substrate for low temperature range application.  相似文献   
6.
On-site hydrogen production through steam-methane reforming (SMR) from city gas or natural gas is believed to be a cost-effective way for hydrogen-based infrastructure due to high cost of hydrogen transportation. In recent years, there have been a lot of on-site hydrogen fueling stations under design or construction in China. This study introduces current developments and technology prospects of skid-mounted SMR hydrogen generator. Also, technical solutions and economic analysis are discussed based on China's first on-site hydrogen fueling station project in Foshan. The cost of hydrogen product from skid-mounted SMR hydrogen generator is about 23 CNY/kg with 3.24 CNY/Nm3 natural gas. If hydrogen price is 60 CNY/kg, IRR of on-site hydrogen fueling station project reaches to 10.8%. While natural gas price fall to 2.3 CNY/Nm3, the hydrogen cost can be reduced to 18 CNY/kg, and IRR can be raised to 13.1%. The conclusion is that skid-mounted SMR technology has matured and is developing towards more compact and intelligent design, and will be a promising way for hydrogen fueling infrastructures in near future.  相似文献   
7.
周赛  李龙  刘宜树 《同位素》2019,32(3):171-177
与裂变型99Mo-99mTc发生器相比,凝胶型99Mo-99mTc发生器制备99mTc具有工艺简单、产生的放射性废物容易处理、对环境影响小等优点。本文主要论述了凝胶型99Mo-99mTc发生器与裂变型99Mo-99mTc发生器的区别,堆照生产99Mo原料和凝胶材料的研究进展,凝胶结构以及凝胶组分等多种条件因素对凝胶型99Mo-99mTc发生器性能的影响等,并对低比活度99Mo生产99mTc的研究进展进行综述。  相似文献   
8.
针对幅频特性信息采集的专用仪器价格昂贵的问题,自主研制了基于通用信号源和频谱仪的幅频特性测试系统,运用LabVIEW编程语言设计了测试系统软件,实现了仪器的自动控制,数据的自动处理、分析、显示和存储等功能。对前置功率放大器进行了实际测试,将测试结果和Agilent N5230A矢量网络分析仪的测试结果进行了对比,验证了所开发的幅频特性测试系统的有效性。  相似文献   
9.
This paper proposes a method for the coordinated control of power factor by means of a multiagent approach. The proposed multiagent system consists of two types of agent: single feeder agent (F_AG) and bus agent (B_AG). In the proposed system, an F_AG plays as an important role, which decides the power factors of all distributed generators by executing the load flow calculations repeatedly. The voltage control strategies are implemented as the class definition of Java into the system. In order to verify the performance of the proposed method, it has been applied to a typical distribution model system. The simulation results show that the system is able to control very violent fluctuation of the demands and the photovoltaic (PV) generations.  相似文献   
10.
由于双馈风机风电场故障特性与传统同步机存在较大差别,因此传统方向元件应用于双馈风机风电场时存在适应性问题。针对双馈风机风电场存在的频率偏移、等值内阻抗不稳定和弱馈等特点,提出一种基于时域波形相似度的故障方向元件。根据推算的联络线对侧电压与保护安装处记忆电压波形的余弦相似度判断故障方向,能够有效解决双馈风机风电场出口故障方向判别存在的问题。在PSCAD/EMTDC中搭建典型的双馈风机接入系统,仿真结果表明,所提故障方向元件针对不同的故障类型均能有效判断故障方向。  相似文献   
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