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1.
Terahertz (THz) imaging is expected to become powerful tools for non-destructive inspections. To ensure the practical use of THz non-destructive monitoring, versatile THz imagers with adjustable designs that can eliminate the complexities and the bulkiness of the device are urgently required. Herein, a self-aligned filtration process for a 2D, free-standing carbon nanotube film array and its application to a THz video camera patch are reported. The presented techniques enable a) to freely design the camera size, sensor array pattern, and suspended shape according to its applications, b) to cut the camera patch into desired shapes, and c) to attach them to the objects that are intended to be measured. Real-time, non-destructive monitoring of various infrastructures is demonstrated. These results indicate that it can function regardless of restrictions, such as the shapes and locations of the measurement samples, thus providing a strong possibility for use in future non-destructive sensor networks.  相似文献   
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3.
为实现太阳模拟器的大辐照面积均匀照明,研究了大面积发散太阳模拟器光学系统的设计与仿真。分析了复眼透镜阵列组与发散投影系统工作原理及旁瓣效应产生机理;基于嵌套建模思想,结合多项式拟合方法,得出了氙灯轴上强度分布曲线,并根据氙灯发光能量对称性质,实现了氙灯空间光强分布模拟;结合提出的光学系统设计边界条件与参数,设计了光束整形系统、复眼透镜阵列组和发散投影系统。实验结果表明:当工作距离为20000mm,辐照面直径1500mm范围内,辐照均匀度为92.8%,满足了大面积发散太阳模拟器均匀照明的使用需求。  相似文献   
4.
In recent years, the light field (LF) as a new imaging modality has attracted wide interest. The large data volume of LF images poses great challenge to LF image coding, and the LF images captured by different devices show significant differences in angular domain. In this paper we propose a view prediction framework to handle LF image coding with various sampling density. All LF images are represented as view arrays. We first partition the views into reference view (RV) set and intermediate view (IV) set. The RVs are rearranged into a pseudo sequence and directly compressed by a video encoder. Other views are then predicted by the RVs. To exploit the four dimensional signal structure, we propose the linear approximation prior (LAP) to reveal the correlation among LF views and efficiently remove the LF data redundancy. Based on the LAP, a distortion minimization interpolation (DMI) method is used to predict IVs. To robustly handle the LF images with different sampling density, we propose an Iteratively Updating depth image based rendering (IU-DIBR) method to extend our DMI. Some auxiliary views are generated to cover the target region and then the DMI calculates reconstruction coefficients for the IVs. Different view partition patterns are also explored. Extensive experiments on different types LF images also valid the efficiency of the proposed method.  相似文献   
5.
反应堆压力容器超声波相控阵检测工艺研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
通过对反应堆压力容器(RPV)模拟体建模,研发相控阵(PA)超声波检测技术,以代替常规超声波检测技术,并对2种检测技术的检测能力和定量能力进行对比和评估。验证试验表明,PA超声波检测技术的检测和定量能力满足标准要求,且可大幅度缩减检测时间,具有可观的经济价值。   相似文献   
6.
《等离子体科学和技术》2019,21(11):115403-44
In this paper, a honeycomb structure jet array with seven jet units was adopted to generate plasmas. Both the average discharge power and the emission intensity of the main excited species increase with increasing applied voltage. There are three stages of discharge evolution at different applied voltages: initial discharge, uniform discharge and strong coupling discharge.The spatial distribution of the emission intensity of the excited species can be divided into three categories: growth class, weakening class and variation class. The gas temperature along the whole plasma plume at different applied voltages is maintained at around 320K and can be widely used in heat-labile applications.  相似文献   
7.
In this letter, we address the problem of Direction of Arrival (DOA) estimation with nonuniform linear array in the context of sparse Bayesian learning (SBL) framework. The nonuniform array output is deemed as an incomplete-data observation, and a hypothetical uniform linear array output is treated as an unavailable complete-data observation. Then the Expectation-Maximization (EM) criterion is directly utilized to iteratively maximize the expected value of the complete-data log likelihood under the posterior distribution of the latent variable. The novelties of the proposed method lie in its capability of interpolating the actual received data to a virtual uniform linear array, therefore extending the achievable array aperture. Simulation results manifests the superiority of the proposed method over off-the-shelf algorithms, specially on circumstances such as low SNR, insufficient snapshots, and spatially adjacent sources.  相似文献   
8.
Channel estimation is very challenging in millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications since the receiver is usually equipped with a limited number of radio-frequency (RF) chains and a large number of antennas. The receiver can only observe a low-dimensional projection of the received signals due to the huge gap between the numbers of RF chains and antennas. Instead of using the phase-shifter which is not a simple circuit at mmWave, we employ a switch network for analog design, which is equivalent to an antenna selection process. To increase the resolution and accuracy, a nested sampling strategy is used to formulate a virtual array with a larger aperture, aiming to reduce the complexity and power consumption of the system. We also consider the Doppler effect caused by the fast-moving user which may seriously deteriorate the channel estimation accuracy. Based on the covariance fitting criterion, a joint Doppler and channel estimation method is proposed without need of discretizing the angle space, and thus the model mismatch effect can be totally eliminated. Finally, we excavate the temporal variation law of the user to estimate the line-of-sight (LoS) channel in the current time slot by using the estimates from the previous two time slots. Numerical simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of our proposed method.  相似文献   
9.
We have developed, based on the oscillating-center transformation, a general theoretical approach for self-consistent plasma dynamics including, explicitly, effects of nonlinear(higherorder) wave-particle resonances. A specific example is then given for low-frequency responses of trapped particles in axisymmetric tokamaks. Possible applications to transport as well as nonlinear wave growth/damping are also briefly discussed.  相似文献   
10.
基于分支定界法的相控阵雷达事件调度算法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
段毅  谭贤四  曲智国  王红 《电子学报》2019,47(6):1309-1315
为解决相控阵雷达事件调度问题中调度成功率、时间偏移率与算法时效性三者之间的矛盾,本文提出一种基于分支定界法的调度算法;该算法首先在现有调度结果上调取所有可执行事件,即获得若干"节点",多步递推后由多"层"节点形成若干条备选"分支",扩大解空间范围,提高算法性能;然后通过"删减"操作删减掉收益较低分支,将解空间控制在一适当范围内,减小搜索盲目性,降低算法计算量.仿真实验表明,与基于综合优先级算法的调度结果相比,利用本文算法调度时调度成功率提升了52%;与基于时间指针算法的调度结果相比,本身算法时间偏移率降低了61%;与基于遗传算法的调度结果相比,本文算法调度耗时仅为前者1~2%.  相似文献   
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